Proceedings

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Proceedings pro037 : 5th International RILEM Conference on Cracking in Pavements: Mitigation, Risk Assessment and Prevention


Title: 5th International RILEM Conference on Cracking in Pavements: Mitigation, Risk Assessment and Prevention
Edited by C. Petit, I.L. Al-Qadi and A. Millien
ISBN: 2-912143-47-0
e-ISBN: 2912143764
Pages: 744
Publication date: 2004

The preservation of the patrimony that represents the road network is a challenge for our modern societies. Developing efficient construction methods able to guarantee long life structures without spoiling natural resources and destroying the environment is more than ever, a major requirement nowadays.
Cracking is certainly to be considered as one of the main causes of pavement deterioration and a great part of the enormous funds spent each year on repairing and maintaining cracked pavements are astronomical. There is no doubt that such arguments justify any effort that is put on promoting research and development in the field of pavement cracking.
In preparing this Fifth RILEM Conference the organizers were not only intended to repeat a traditional event which might be the opportunity to look back on the results of full scale experiments. They wanted rather to extend the scope of the conference to cracking problems in a more general sense including other modes of cracking such as fatigue, ageing or top-down cracking. New issues to which practitioners are confronted were also addressed such as performance guarantees, evaluation of risk and probabilistic design. In many countries indeed there is a trend to involve contractor's responsibilities more deeply in the long term by including long term maintenance in the contracts.
Hence the seven main topics selected to prepare the conference were:
* Modelling and validation
* Initiation and propagation of cracks
* Construction and maintenance techniques to inhibit pavement cracking
* Long-term performance of crack inhibition, crack preventive techniques and pavement service life prediction.
* Influence of construction approaches on cracking
* Experimental studies: laboratory and field
* Testing techniques and effectiveness of evaluation approaches
The call for papers for the fifth RILEM international conference has been a great success. This illustrates the growing interest in this topic and confirms the need for better modeling and prediction of crack initiation and propagation in pavements. These proceedings provide a unique source of theoretical modeling, experimental approaches, field studies, and rehabilitation techniques of pavement cracks.


Contents


Preface
Author(s): L. Francken
Pages: XVII - XIX

Foreword
Author(s): C. Petit, I. L. Al-Qadi, A. Millien
Pages: XXI - XXI

Prevention of cracks in pavements: achievements and open questions
Author(s): L. Francken
Pages: XXIII - XXX

SESSION 1: CAUSES OF SURFACE CRACKING


Effects of segregation on the initiation and propagation of top-down cracks
Author(s): M. Schorsch, C.-M. Chang, G. Y. Baladi
Pages: 3 - 10

Causes for surface fatigue cracks on asphalt pavements
Author(s): V. Vodopivec, V. Ostir, B. Lipoglavsek
Pages: 11 - 18

Surface cracking: origin and causes, theoretical and field studies
Author(s): A. O. Abd El Halim, Y. Hassan, M. Farha, W. Bekheet
Pages: 19 - 26

SESSION 2: APT INVESTIGATIONS OF PAVEMENT CRACKING AND MAINTENANCE


Development of fatigue cracking test protocol and life prediction methodology using the third scale model mobile loading simulator
Author(s): S. J. Lee, Y. R. Kim
Pages: 29 - 36

Evaluation of UTW fatigue cracking using FHWA's accelerated loading facility
Author(s): X. Qi, T. Mitchell, J. A. Sherwood
Pages: 37 - 44

Maintenance of cracked pavements within the format project
Author(s): M. L. Antunes, A. van Dommelen, P. Sanders, J. M. Balay, E. L. Gamiz
Pages: 45 - 52

SESSION 3: USING FRACTURE MECHANICS TO MODEL CRACK INITIATION AND PROPAGATION


Numerical approach of the pavement structure fracture behaviour in fatigue loading
Author(s): F. Dubois, C. Petit
Pages: 55 - 62

Cohesive zone modeling of fracture in asphalt concrete
Author(s): G. H. Paulino, S. H. Song, W. G. Buttlar
Pages: 63 - 70

A fracture mechanics approach towards evaluating the cracking potential of a concrete pavement due to corrosion of a dowel basket assembly
Author(s): R. O. Rasmussen, S. L. Tritsch, P. K. Nelson, D. J. Turner, A. K. Schindler
Pages: 71 - 78

SESSION 4: EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERLAYER SYSTEMS TO ABATE CRACKING


Effect of coating on fiberglass geogrid performance
Author(s): C. M. Aldea, J. R. Darling
Pages: 81 - 88

The development of a crack prevention system for buried joints with a grid panel and sliding sheets
Author(s): O. Takahashi, T. Inaba
Pages: 89 - 96

Field installation and design considerations of steel reinforcing netting to reduce reflection of cracks
Author(s): I. L. Al-Qadi, M. A. Elseifi
Pages: 97 - 104

Stress relieving function of paving fabrics when used in new road construction
Author(s): E. Ramberg Steen
Pages: 105 - 112

Complexe anti-fissure d'efficacité démontrée à base de treillis métalliques et d'enrobés bitumineux
Author(s): M. Ballié
Pages: 113 - 120

SESSION 5: HMA LABORATORY TESTING METHODS


Better assesment of bituminous materials lifetime accounting for the influence of rest periods
Author(s): D. Breysse, V. Domec, S. Yotte, C. De La Roche
Pages: 123 - 130

A simplified test and analysis procedure for fatigue characterization of asphalt mixtures
Author(s): J. S. Daniel, Y. R. Kim
Pages: 131 - 138

Laboratory test methods to uniquely characterize the presence and contribution of sbs modifiers on the cracking performance of asphalt mixtures
Author(s): B. Kim, R. Roque, B. Birgisson, J. Kim
Pages: 139 - 146

Design of a new laboratory test simulating the reflective cracking in pavements with cement treated bases
Author(s): C. Florence, G. Foret, P. Tamagny, J. Y. Sener, A. Ehrlacher
Pages: 147 - 154

The mechanical testing of asphalt concrete mixtures using digital image correlation
Author(s): Y. Seo, Y. R. Kim
Pages: 155 - 162

SESSION 6: HMA CRACK MODELING AND SIMULATION - PART A


Modelling of flexible airport pavements subjected to thermal cracking
Author(s): E. Santagata, M. Bassani
Pages: 165 - 172

Effect of temperature variations on mid-slab cracking in jointed concrete pavements
Author(s): S. N. Shoukry, G. W. William, M. Y. Riad
Pages: 173 - 180

Modélisation de la fissuration transversale d'origine thermique de chaussées souples et semi-rigides
Author(s): E. Boucart, J. M. Konrad, M. Pigeon
Pages: 181 - 188

Le rôle de la couche de base dans la propagation des fissures : confirmation et atténuation
Author(s): M. Zeghal
Pages: 189 - 196

Shakedown theory and related programming method applications to pavement structures design
Author(s): M. Boulbibane, A. R. S. Ponter
Pages: 197 - 204

SESSION 7: INTERLAYER MODELING AND VALIDATION


Effect of thermal and vehicular loading on rehabilitated jointed concrete pavement with and without steel reinforcing netting
Author(s): M. A. Elseifi, I. L. Al-Qadi
Pages: 207 - 214

Evaluation of debonding and geosynthetics on critical stress inducement in AC overlays over PCC pavement: a numerical investigation
Author(s): V. Tandon, S. Mahalungkar, K. Sobhan
Pages: 215 - 222

Deep analysis on interlayer restraining reflective cracks in asphalt overlay old concrete pavement
Author(s): J. Yang, G. Fu, Q. Lu, R. Chen, X. Deng
Pages: 223 - 230

Stop of reflective crack propagation with the use of pet geogrid as asphalt overlay reinforcement
Author(s): G. Montestruque, R. Rodrigues, M. Nods, A. Elsing
Pages: 231 - 239

SESSION 8: EFFECT OF HMA COMPOSITION ON PAVEMENT CRACKING


Influence of binder and mixture properties on thermal cracking of asphalt pavements
Author(s): A. Shah, J. Olek, R. S. McDaniel
Pages: 241 - 248

Low temperature fracture test for asphalt mixtures
Author(s): M. O. Marasteanu, X. Li, J. F. Labuz
Pages: 249 - 256

Contribution of aggregate quality on crack formation of wearing courses
Author(s): L. Drüschner, T. Hagner, O. Harders, F. Stephan
Pages: 257 - 264

Effect of malaysian cellulose oil palm fiber in the tensile cracking of stone mastic asphalt
Author(s): R. Muniandy, A. A. Selim, D. Hassim
Pages: 265 - 272

SESSION 9: HMA CRACK MODELING AND SIMULATION - PART B


Bottom-up fatigue cracking: myth or reality?
Author(s): A. A. A. Molenaar
Pages: 275 - 282

Multiscale micromechanical lattice modeling for cracking in hot mix asphalt
Author(s): Z. Feng, P. Zhang, M. N. Guddati, Y. R. Kim
Pages: 283 - 290

Micro-cracks and their effect on crack modelling in thin AC surfacings
Author(s): H. Norrison, J. Holden
Pages: 291 - 298

A simplified modelling for cracking in pavements
Author(s): Q. Tran, D. A. Chabot, A. Ehrlacher, P. Tamagny
Pages: 299 - 306

SESSION 10: REFLECTIVE CRACKING IN STABILIZED PAVEMENTS


Control of reflective cracking in cement stabilized pavements
Author(s): W. S. Adaska, D. R. Luhr
Pages: 309 - 316

Cracking resistant cement-based material
Author(s): A. Turatsinze, S. Bonnet, J.-L. Granju
Pages: 317 - 324

Pre-cracking as a technique to minimise reflection cracking in semi-rigid pavement structures - long term performance monitoring
Author(s): S. J. Ellis, R. P. Dudgeon
Pages: 325 - 332

Performance of HMA overlays over concrete pavements in Nevada
Author(s): P. E. Sebaaly, J. Ambroz, G. Bazi
Pages: 333 - 340

Pavement damage by cracking under severe frost conditions
Author(s): M. Boutonnet, Y. Savard, P. Hornych
Pages: 341 - 348

SESSION 11: EFFECT OF BINDER PROPERTIES ON HMA CRACKING - PART A


Effect of ageing on the low temperatures cracking properties of bituminous binders: new insights from bending beam rheometer measurements
Author(s): V. Mouillet, J. C. Molinengo, F. Durrieu, J. P. Planche
Pages: 351 - 358

Fracture toughness and fracture energy of bituminous binders at low temperatures
Author(s): F. Olard, H. Di Benedetto
Pages: 359 - 366

Mapping crack susceptibility of bituminous materials with binder durability
Author(s): I. Widyatmoko, R. C. Elliott, M. W. Heslop
Pages: 367 - 374

Characterization of fracture and fatigue resistance on recycled polymer-modified asphalt pavements
Author(s): L. N. Mohammad, Z. Wu, M. A. Aglan
Pages: 375 - 382

A comparison of bitumen/mastic fatigue data from different test methods
Author(s): G. D. Airey, N. H. Thom, S. Osman, H. Huang, A. C. Collop
Pages: 383 - 390

SESSION 12: TOP-DOWN CRACKING: MODELING AND VALIDATION


Prediction of top-down crack initiation and crack growth in hot mix asphalt pavements
Author(s): B. Sangpetngam, B. Birgisson, R. Roque
Pages: 393 - 400

Three-dimensional finite element analysis of the causes of top-down cracks in rubblized pavements
Author(s): T. Svasdisant, G. Baladi
Pages: 401 - 408

A model for top-down reflection cracking in composite pavements
Author(s): K. Nesnas, M. Nunn
Pages: 409 - 416

An analysis scheme for the evaluation of surface (top-down) longitudinal wheel path cracking in indiana
Author(s): G. Rowe, T. Pellinen
Pages: 417 - 424

A new explanation of pavement cracking from top to bottom: the visco-elasticity of asphalt materials?
Author(s): P. Tamagny, L. Wendling, J. M. Piau
Pages: 425 - 432

SESSION 13: TREATMENT TECHNIQUES FOR PAVEMENT CRACKS


Fibreglass pavement reinforcements used in dissimilar climatic zones for retarding reflective cracking in asphalt overlays
Author(s): J. R. Darling, J. H. Woolstencroft
Pages: 435 - 442

Technique de réhabilitation des chaussées aéroportuaires pour éviter la remontée des fissures - étude de cas - aéroports internationaux de Montréal - Dorval et Mirabel (Canada)
Author(s): E. Elhindy, D. Richer
Pages: 443 - 449

Reducing reflection cracking in asphalt pavements
Author(s): S. Shuler, D. Harmelink
Pages: 451 - 458

Asphalt reinforcement for the prevention of cracking in various types of pavements: long term performance and overlay design procedure
Author(s): C. G. J. Jenner, B. G. J. Uijting
Pages: 459 - 466

Transverse cracking progression in asphalt shoulders adjacent to concrete pavements
Author(s): S. Owusu-Ababio, O. Schmitt
Pages: 467 - 474

SESSION 14: EFFECT OF BINDER PROPERTIES ON HMA CRACKING - PART B


Effect of different SBS modifiers on superpave low temperature specification parameters including TCR
Author(s): R. Q. Kluttz, R. Dongré
Pages: 477 - 484

Cracking characteristic of asphalt rubber mixtures
Author(s): K. E. Kaloush, A. Zborowski, M. Abojaradeh, G. B. Way, J. Sousa
Pages: 485 - 492

Fatigue damage of crumb rubber modified mixtures
Author(s): I. Artamendi, H. Khalid
Pages: 493 - 500

Short-term and long-term ageing influence on modified bitumens resistance to low temperature cracking and fatigue cracking
Author(s): P. Radziszewski, J. Pilat, R. Ziolkowski
Pages: 501 - 510

Long term effect of modified binder on cracking resistance of pavements
Author(s): A.G. Dumont, M. Ould-Henia
Pages: 511 - 518

SESSION 15: CRACKING IN BRIDGE OVERLAYS


Bond strength and crack bridging behaviour of bridge deck surfacings for concrete bridges
Author(s): E. J. Vater, C. Recknagel
Pages: 521 - 528

A proposed fatigue based design methodology for asphaltic mixes applied on orthotropic steel bridges
Author(s): T. O. Medani, M. Huurman, L. J. M. Houben, A. .A. A. Molenaar
Pages: 529 - 536

Longitudinal surface cracking in asphalt pavements on steel bridge decks
Author(s): T. Nishizawa, K. Himeno, K. Uchida, K. Nomura, S. Higashi
Pages: 537 - 544

Assessment of high-performance concrete mix designs for tennessee bridge decks
Author(s): R. Salem, E. Burdette
Pages: 545 - 552

SESSION 16: MAINTENANCE TECHNIQUES TO INHIBIT PAVEMENT CRACKING


Field study of repair methods for transversal cracks
Author(s): J. Valtonen, I. Hyyppä
Pages: 555 - 562

Survey and field performance evaluation of hot and cold pour pavement crack sealants
Author(s): M. Solaimanian, Y. Yildirim
Pages: 563 - 570

Chip sealing over fabric in Borrego Springs, California, USA
Author(s): L. Davis
Pages: 571 - 578

Practical method for urgent repairs of cracked airport pavements
Author(s): Y. Hachiya, K. Himeno, Y. Tsubokawa
Pages: 579 - 586

SESSION 17: LABORATORY TESTING OF PAVEMENT CRACKING TREATMENT TECHNIQUES


Laboratory simulation of the growth and propagation of reflection cracks in geogrid reinforced asphalt overlays
Author(s): K. Sobhan, T. Crooks, V. Tandon, S. Mattingly
Pages: 589 - 596

Overlay tester: a simple test to evaluate the reflective cracking resistance of asphalt mixtures
Author(s): F. Zhou, D. Chen, T. Scullion, R. Williammee
Pages: 597 - 604

Laboratory method for assessing shrinkage cracking potential in stabilised pavements
Author(s): S. Chakrabarti, J. Kodikara
Pages: 605 - 612

Laboratory and field experimental investigations for a new preventive maintenance treatment
Author(s): G. Dondi, A. Simone, C. Sangiorgi
Pages: 613 - 620

SESSION 18: HMA CRACKING: SPECIFICATIONS, CHARACTERISTICS AND MODELING


Fatigue crack propagation and performance of bituminous mixes as per indian specifications
Author(s): R. Dwivedi, A. Das
Pages: 623 - 630

Fatigue crack characteristics of HMA mixtures containing RAP
Author(s): B. Huang, Z. Zhang, W. Kingery, G. Zuo
Pages: 631 - 638

Characterisation of crack propagation in bituminous mixtures
Author(s): L. Wendling, E. Xolin, D. Gimenez, P. Reynaud, C. de la Roche, J. Chevalier, G. Fantozzi
Pages: 639 - 646

Relation between crack growth parameters and mechanical characteristics in high modulus asphalt concrete
Author(s): A. Montepara, G. Tebaldi, A. Costa
Pages: 647 - 654

SESSION 19: PROBABILISTIC APPROACHES FOR FATIGUE CRACKING


Probabilistic analysis of fatigue cracking in asphalt pavements
Author(s): D. Bouwmeester, M. Huurman, F. Tolman, A. A. A. Molenaar
Pages: 657 - 664

Intégration de la maintenance dans les modèles de fissuration
Author(s): M. Rèche, A. Vergne, P. Lepert
Pages: 665 - 672

SESSION 20: MODELING AND FIELD EVALUATION OF PAVEMENT CRACKING


Thermomechanical modelling for fatigue damage of bituminous materials
Author(s): D. Bodin, F. Belzung, C. de la Roche, A. Chabot
Pages: 675 - 682

Modeling of cracking in asphalt concrete with regularized continuum damage mechanics
Author(s): R. Wu, J. T. Harvey
Pages: 683 - 690

Assessment of the resistance to crack propagation in asphaltic materials using the compact tension test
Author(s): A. C. Collop, A. J. Sewell, N. H. Thom
Pages: 691 - 698

Long term performance on site of interface systems
Author(s): A. Vanelstraete, J. De Visscher
Pages: 699 - 706