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Since 2009, some RILEM State-of-the-Art reports are published by Springer, they can be ordered at the following address: http://www.springer.com/. Springer is the publisher, under the copyright RILEM, of the RILEM Technical Committees STARs. These reports constitute a critical appraisal of current knowledge on a specific research subject. They often identify gaps in knowledge, thereby contributing to the development of strategies and scenarios for future research. Springer RILEM State-of-the-Art reports are indexed by SCOPUS, Google Scholar and SpringerLink.  

STARs in preparation at Springer

Reinforcement of existing timber elements and structures - State-of-the-art report of the RILEM Technical Committee 245-RTE; Edited by Jorge Branco, Philipp Dietsch, Thomas Tannert

Non-destructive in situ strength assessment of concrete - Practical Application of the RILEM TC 249-ISC Recommendations; Edited by Denys Breysse, Jean-Paul Balayssac

Form pressure generated by fresh concrete - State-of-the-art report of the RILEM Technical Committee 233-FPC; Edited by Peter Billberg, Nicolas Roussel

Testing and characterisation of earth-based building materials and elements - State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 274-TCE; Edited by Antonin Fabbri, Jean-Claude Morel
 

Technical Committees STARs published by Springer

We are not allowed to publish for free these TCs reports. However, you can find the unedited version of each RILEM Technical Committees STAR, under the form of one PDF file crossed out with the mention «unedited version».

The final drafts are all classified by the volume number.

Diagnosis and Prognosis of Alkali Aggregate Reactions Affected Structures - Final draft report of the RILEM Technical Committee 259-ISR Edited by Victor Saouma - Report Volume 31 published by Springer

Modelling of Concrete Behaviour at High Temperature - Final draft report of  the RILEM Technical Committee 227-HPB Edited by Pierre Pimienta, Alain Milliard - Report Volume 30 published by Springer

Physical properties and behaviour of High-Performance Concrete at high temperature -  Final draft report of the RILEM Technical Committee 227-HPB Edited by Pierre Pimienta, Robert Jansson McNamee, Jean-Christophe Mindeguia - Report Volume 29 published by Springer

Mechanisms of Cracking and Debonding in Asphalt and Composite Pavements - Final draft report of the RILEM Technical Committee 241-MCD Edited by W. Buttlar, A. Chabot, E. Dave, C. Petit, G. Tebaldi - Report Volume 28 published by Springer

Thermal Cracking of Massive Concrete Structures - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 254-CMS Edited by Eduardo Fairbairn, Miguel Azenha - Report Volume 27 published by Springer

Methods of measuring moisture in building materials and structures - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 248-MMB Edited by Lars-Olof Nilsson - Report Volume 26 published by Springer

Properties of fresh and hardened concrete containing supplementary cementitious materials - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 238-SCM, working group 4 Edited by Nele De Belie, Marios Soutsos & Elke Gruyaert - Report Volume 25 published by Springer

Testing and characterization of sustainable innovative bituminous materials and systems - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 237-SIB Edited by Manfred Partl, Laurent Porot, Hervé Di Benedetto, Francesco Canestrari, Paul Marsac, Gabriele Tebaldi - Report Volume 24 published by Springer

Bio-Aggregates Based Building Materials - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 236-BBM Edited by Sofiane Amziane & Florence Collet - Report Volume 23 published by Springer

A Framework for Durability Design with Strain-Hardening Cement-Based Composites (SHCC) - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 240-FDS Edited by Gideon van Zijl & Volke Slowik - Report Volume 22 published by Springer

Performance Assessment of Concrete Structures and Engineered Barriers for Nuclear Applications - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 226-CNM Edited by Valérie L'Hostis and Robert Gens - Report Volume 21 published by Springer

Innovative AE and NDT Techniques for On-Site Measurement of Concrete and Masonry Structures - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 239-MCM Edited by Masayasu Ohtsu - Report Volume 20 published by Springer

Petrographic Atlas: Characterisation of Aggregates Regarding Potential Reactivity to Alkalis - RILEM Recommended Guidance for Use with the RILEM Petrographic Examination Method - Final draft report Edited by Isabel Fernandes, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Marteen A T M Broekmans, Ian Sims

Design procedures for the use of composites in strengthening of reinforced concrete structures - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 234-DUC Edited by Carlo Pellegrino, José Sena-Cruz - Report Volume 19 published by Springer

Performance-Based Specifications and Control of Concrete Durability State-of-the-Art Report - Final draft of RILEM Technical Committee 230-PSC Edited by Hans Beushausen, Luis Fernandez-Luco - Report Volume 18 published by Springer

RILEM Recommendations for the Prevention of Damage by Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in New Concrete Structures - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 219-ACS Edited by Philip J. Nixon, Ian Sims - Report Volume 17 published by Springer

Recommendation for Test Methods for AD and TD of Early Age Concrete - Round Robin Documentation Report: Program, Test Results and Statistical Evaluation - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 195-DTD Edited by Øyvind Bjøntegaard, Tor Arne Martius-Hammer, Matias Krauss, Harald Budelmann - Report Volume 16 published by Springer

Simulation of Fresh Concrete Flow - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 222-SCF Edited by Nicolas Roussel, Annika Gram - Report Volume 15 published by Springer

Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 228-MPS Edited by Kamal H. Khayat, Geert De Schutter - Report Volume 14 published by Springer

          **STAR 228-MPS in a nutshell**

Alkali Activated Materials - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 224-AAM Edited by John L. Provis, Jannie S.J. van Deventer - Report Volume 13 published by Springer

Guide to Diagnosis and Appraisal of AAR Damage to Concrete in Structures - Part 1 Diagnosis (AAR 6.1) - Final draft report Edited by B. Godart, M. de Rooij, J. G.M. Wood - Report Volume 12 published by Springer

Self-Healing Phenomena in Cement-Based Materials - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 221-SHC Edited by M. de Rooij, K. Van Tittelboom, N. De Belie, E. Schlangen - Report Volume 11 published by Springer

Performance of Cement-Based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 211-PAE Edited by M. Alexander, A. Bertron and N. De Belie - Report Volume 10 published by Springer     

          **STAR 211-PAE in a nutshell**

Advances in Interlaboratory Testing and Evaluation of Bituminous Materials - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 206-ATB Edited by M.N. Partl, H.U. Bahia, F. Canestrari, C. de la Roche, H. Di Benedetto, H. Piber and D. Sybilski - Report Volume 9 published by Springer

Progress of Recycling in the Built Environment - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 217-PRE Edited by Enric Vázquez - Report Volume 8 published by Springer

In Situ Assessment of Structural Timber - Final draft of RILEM Technical Committee 215-AST Edited by B. Kasal, T. Tannert - Report Volume 7 published by Springer

Strain Hardening Cement Composites: Structural Design and Performance - Final draft of RILEM Technical Committee 208-HFC, SC3 Edited by K. Rokugo, T. Kanda - Report Volume 6 published by Springer

Application of Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysis to Construction Materials - Final draft of RILEM Technical Committee 194-TDP Edited by Y. Ohama, D. Van Gemert - Report Volume 5 published by Springer

Durability of Strain-Hardening Fibre-Reinforced Cement-Based Composites (SHCC) - Final draft of RILEM Technical Committee 208-HFC subcommittee 2 Edited by G. Van Zijl, F. Wittmann - Report Volume 4 published by Springer

Bonded Cement-Based Material Overlays for the Repair, the Lining or the Strengthening of Slabs or Pavements - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 193-RLS Edited by B. Bissonnette, L. Courard, D.W. Fowler, J.L. Granju - Report Volume 3 published by Springer

Application of Superabsorbent Polymers (SAP) in Concrete Construction - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 225-SAP Edited by V. Mechtcherine, H. W. Reinhardt - Report Volume 2 published by Springer

Non-Destructive Assessment of Concrete Structures: Reliability and Limits of Single and Combined Techniques - Final draft report of RILEM Technical Committee 207-INR Edited by Denys Breysse - Report Volume 1 published by Springer

 

 

Report rep041 : Internal Curing of Concrete - State-of-the-Art Report of RILEM Technical Committee 196-ICC


Title: Internal Curing of Concrete - State-of-the-Art Report of RILEM Technical Committee 196-ICC
Edited by K. Kovler and O. M. Jensen
ISBN: 978-2-35158-009-7
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-082-0
Pages: 161
Publication date: 2007

Advances in concrete technology over the past several years have led to the practical use of concrete with a low water-binder ratio (w/b). Unfortunately, concretes with low w/b are prone to early age cracking unless special precautions are taken. The primary reason for that is auto-genous shrinkage, which is a phenomenon, which is ingrained in concrete of low w/b ratio.

Conventional curing procedures of ponding in water are not sufficiently effective to combat autogenous shrinkage in low w/b concrete. They may eliminate the autogenous shrinkage in small cross-sections only, because the penetration of water from the externally ponded surface is limited.

In view of these limitations, different strategies of shrinkage mitigation have been developed in recent years, based on special advanced internal methods of internal curing (IC) are cur-rently being intensively studied in research groups in several countries. These methods have been the focus of this State-of-the-Art report prepared by the RILEM Technical Committee TC-196 ICC 'Internal Curing of Concrete' in the years 2002 - 2007. The current report repre-sents a comprehensive and harmonized document covering the present knowledge about the principles, technologies and effects of internal curing of concrete.

After introducing the scope and limitation of work of TC 196-ICC , the report is organised in 8 different chapters: General concept and terminology / Mechanisms of internal water curing / Materials science-based models / Materials and methods for internal curing / Experimental methods to study internal water curing / Effect of internal curing on autogenous deformation / Effect of IC on other concrete properties. A last chapter is presenting the conclusions and outlook of the TC 196-ICC work.


Contents


Chapter 1 - Introduction


Introduction
Author(s): K. Kovler, O.M. Jensen
Pages: 1 - 3

Chapter 2 - General concept and terminology


General concept and terminology
Author(s): K. Kovler, O.M. Jensen
Pages: 5 - 13

Chapter 3 - Mechanisms of internal water curing


Mechanisms of internal water curing
Author(s): O.M. Jensen, Ø. Bjøntegaard, T.A. Hammer, E.J. Sellevold
Pages: 15 - 27

Chapter 4 - Materials science-based models


Materials science-based models
Author(s): D.P. Bentz, E.A.B. Koenders, S. Mönnig, H.W. Reinhardt, K. van Breugel, G. Ye
Pages: 29 - 43

Chapter 5 - Materials and methods for internal curing


Materials and methods for internal curing
Author(s): O.M. Jensen, P. Lura, K. Kovler
Pages: 45 - 55

Chapter 6 - Experimental methods to study internal water curing


Experimental methods to study internal water curing
Author(s): P. Lura, O.M. Jensen, S.-I. Igarashi
Pages: 57 - 69

Chapter 7 - Effect of internal curing on autogenous deformation


Effects of internal curing on autogenous deformation
Author(s): K. Kovler, D. Cusson
Pages: 71 - 104

Chapter 8 - Effect of IC on other concrete properties


Effect of IC on other concrete properties
Author(s): G. De Schutter, D.P. Bentz, Ø. Bjøntegaard, D. Cusson, K. Kovler, P. Lura, J.W. Roberts, R. Sato, E.J. Sellevold
Pages: 105 - 126

Chapter 9 - Benefits and case studies using internal curing of concrete


Benefits and case studies using internal curing of concrete
Author(s): D. Cusson, J.W. Roberts, V. Mechtcherine
Pages: 127 - 136

Chapter 10 - Conclusions and outlook


Conclusions and outlook
Author(s): K. Kovler, O.M. Jensen
Pages: 137 - 140