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Steel and CFRP jacketing of RC columns for improved seismic axial load performance

Title: Steel and CFRP jacketing of RC columns for improved seismic axial load performance
Author(s): K.C. Tsai, M.-L. Lin
Paper category : conference
Book title: International Conference on Advances in Concrete and Structures
Editor(s): Ying-shu Yuan, Surendra P. Shah and Heng-lin Lü
Print-ISBN: 2-912143-41-1
e-ISBN: 2351580176
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2003
Pages: 650 - 659
Total Pages: 10
Nb references: 10
Language: English

Axial compression test results for square RC columns incorporating Taiwanese construction practice in the placement of stirrups and various kinds of jacketing schemes are presented. The jacketing schemes include circular, octagonal and square shapes. The jacketing materials vary from steel plate to carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. It is found from the monotonic axial load test results that the failure mode of the benchmark non-retrofitted specimen is identical to that commonly observed in real damage cases following the 1999 Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake. The benchmark specimen developed its design strength but a non-ductile failure mode occurred soon after the peak load was reached. Among the retrofitted specimens, the steel jacketed specimens exhibit not only greatly enhanced load carry capacity but also excellent ductility performance. Test results show that CFRP sheets are effective in increasing the column axial strength, but the sheets could fracture suddenly in high strain conditions due to their brittle material characteristics. Test results indicate that CFRP sheet wrapping in general is not as effective as steel jacketing in improving the axial ductility capacity of RC columns. However, the proposed octagon-shaped CFRP wrapping scheme exhibits an improved load carrying performance compared to rectangular-wrapped columns using the same layers of CFRP sheets. Tests confirm that all octagonal steel or CFRP jacketed specimens have axial loading capacities more than 2 times the nominal capacity.
Keywords: steel jacketing, CFRP jacketing, octagon shape.

Online publication: 2003-08-10
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros): 0.00

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