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Determination of initial degree of hydration by ultra-sonic pulse technique



Title: Determination of initial degree of hydration by ultra-sonic pulse technique
Author(s): M. Kraus, K. Hariri, F.S. Rostásy
Paper category : conference
Book title: International RILEM Conference on Early Age Cracking in Cementitious Systems
Editor(s): K. Kovler and A. Bentur
Print-ISBN: 2-912143-29-2
e-ISBN: 2351580362
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2003
Pages: 199 - 208
Total Pages: 10
Nb references: 9
Language: English


Abstract: During the first hours after mixing, the properties of concrete vary and change within a wide range of behaviour. Fresh concrete is more or less a Newtonian fluid which gradu-ally changes into a Bingham type of material, finally attaining solid body properties with considerable compressive strength and stiffness. The development of mechanical properties can be described by the degree of hydration. For the prediction of mechanical properties of early age concrete as well as for the prediction of stresses caused by differ-ences of temperature and autogenous shrinkage, it is essential to know the initial degree of hydration, from which on the development of strength and stiffness begins. This paper deals with the determination of the end of the dormant phase by using ultrasonic pulse velocity techniques. Using compression wave and shear wave transducers the hardening of concrete is observed under adiabatic curing conditions. From the development of the dynamic Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio, a model of the initial degree of hydration is derived to improve existing models of the development of tensile strength and modulus of elasticity for very early age concrete. A procedure to determine an upper and lower bound for the end of setting time is presented. Typical results are presented for different concrete compositions, especially for high strength concrete.


Online publication: 2010-06-02
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros): 0.00