Concrete spalling sensitivity versus microstructure: Preliminary results on the effect of polypropylene fibers

Author(s): C. Rossino, F. Lo Monte, S. Cangiano, R. Felicetti, P.G. Gambarova
Paper category: Workshop
Book title: Concrete Spalling due to Fire Exposure – Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop, Paris 2013
Editor(s): P. Pimienta, F. Meftah
Print ISBN: 978-2-7598-1074-1
Publisher: Edp sciences
Pages: 110 - 119
Total Pages: 10
Language: English

The phisyco-mechanical processes triggering concrete explosive spalling are related to the heat-induced micro- and meso-structural changes. To have new information on concrete properties at the microstructural level, as well as on how concrete spalling sensitivity is affected by polypropylene and steel fibers, and by aggregate type, ordinary and high-performance concretes are investigated in this research project, after being heated to different temperatures. The focus is on the relationship among porosity, vapor permeability, pore pressure and microcracking inside the cementitious matrix. Polypropylene fibers are shown to increase the total porosity, to favor microcracking and to reduce significantly pore pressure, to the advantage of concrete resistance to explosive spalling, whose risk is markedly reduced – or even zeroed.

Online publication: 2013
Publication Type: full_text
Public price (Euros): 0.00