Evaluation of environmental performance forof concrete based on social cost

Title: Evaluation of environmental performance forof concrete based on social cost
Author(s): Z. Li
Paper category : conference
Book title: RILEM International Symposium on Environment-Conscious Materials and Systems for Sustainable Development
Editor(s): N. Kashino and Y. Ohama
Print-ISBN: 2-912143-55-1
e-ISBN: 2912143640
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2004
Pages: 51 - 58
Total Pages: 8
Nb references: 11
Language: English

Abstract: In this study a method was proposed to evaluate the environmental performance of concrete based on social cost accounting. The environmental burden factors were firstly examined for the life cycle of concrete. Then, the environmental burdens, associated with the stages from raw material acquisition to concrete's production process inclusive, were estimated by life cycle inventory analyses for fly ash concrete and plain concrete. Furthermore, social costs of two series of freshly mixed concrete were respectively evaluated, which resulted from natural resource consumption, atmospheric emissions, waterborne releases, habitat loss, forest area reduction, and solid waste discharge. Based on the social costs accounting results, the environmental performances of the two series of concrete were assessed, and the superiority of fly ash concrete over plain concrete in environmental performance was quantitatively verified.

Online publication: 2004-11-24
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros): 0.00
doi: 10.1617/2912143640.006