Influence of internal friction and cohesion on formwork pressure of self-compacting concrete

Title: Influence of internal friction and cohesion on formwork pressure of self-compacting concrete
Author(s): K. Khayat
Paper category : conference
Book title: SCC'2005-China: 1st International Symposium on Design, Performance and Use of Self-Consolidating Concrete
Editor(s): Zhiwu Yu, Caijun Shi, Kamal Henri Khayat and Youjun Xie
Print-ISBN: 2-912143-61-6
e-ISBN: 2912143624
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2005
Pages: 607 - 615
Total Pages: 9
Nb references: 14
Language: English

Abstract: A comprehensive research program was undertaken to determine the influence of coarse aggregate concentration, binder type and content, and the use of set-modifying admixtures on lateral pressure exerted by self-consolidating concrete (SCC). Experimental columns measuring 200 mm in diameter and either 2100 or 2800 mm in height were used to determine the distribution of lateral pressure during the plastic stage of cement hydration. The effect of thixotropy of the concrete on pressure variations was investigated.
Test results show that lateral pressure exerted by SCC is significantly affected by the development of shear strength properties of the plastic concrete, namely internal friction and cohesion. Mixtures incorporating greater coarse aggregate volumes and/or lower binder contents were found to exhibit higher degree of internal friction. This can reduce the mobility of the concrete and result in lower initial pressure. However, given that internal friction is an inherent property of the material, which remains constant with time, the rate of drop in pressure was shown to depend mainly on the increase in cohesion. Therefore, mixtures containing higher binder contents and/or a set-accelerating admixture can exhibit sharper rate of pressure drop with time.
Concrete with higher degree of thixotropy was found to develop lower initial lateral pressure and higher rate of pressure drop with time. This is attributed to the stiffening effect which enables the material to re-gain its shear strength when left at rest without any shearing action.

Online publication: 2005-04-11
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros): 0.00
doi: 10.1617/2912143624.065