Mechanical and durability properties of environmentally friendly ultra-high performance concrete ( UHPC)

Author(s) : O.M. Abdulkareem, A. Ben Fraj, M. Bouasker, A. Khelidj
Paper category : Proceedings
Book title : UHPFRC 2017 Designing and Building with UHPFRC: New large-scale implementations, recent technical advances, experience and standards
Editor(s) : F. Toutlemonde & J. ResplendinoT.Ch.
Print-ISBN : 978-2-35158-166-7
e-ISBN : 978-2-35158-167-4
Publisher : RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year : 2017
Pages: 21 - 28
Total Pages : 8
Language : English

Abstract: This paper deals with mechanical and durability performances of more sustainable Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) by integrating high volumes of Blast Furnace Slag (BFS). Three substitution rates of cement by slag are explored (30%, 50% and 80%). Results show that a slag content of 30% improves slightly the compressive strength of concrete, whereas the strength of UHPCs containing 50% and 80% of slag are significantly reduced, particularly at early age. At 3 days, when the slag content increases, the porosity of UHPC mixtures with high slag content increases. In contrast, at 90 days, the volume of capillary pores decreases greatly and the global pores network becomes finer, when cement is substituted by BFS. This, results in decreasing gas permeability (1.5-6 times) and chloride diffusion (up 4 times). Results show also that all tested UHPCs have quite the same CO2 depth, after an exposure of 1 year. Indeed, the decrease of porosity, when BFS is added, is balanced by the decrease of pH, which promotes CO2 diffusion.

Online publication : 2017
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros) : 0.00

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