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Evaluation of the potential of corn and sunflower bark particles as bio-aggregates for lightweight concrete



Author(s): Alexandra Bourdot, Camille Magniont, Méryl Lagouin, Guillaume Lambaré, Laurent Labonne, Philippe Evon
Paper category: Proceedings
Book title: SynerCrete’18: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Cement-based Materials and Structural Concrete: Synergizing Expertise and Bridging Scales of Space and Time Vol. 1 & 2
Editor(s): Miguel Azenha, Dirk Schlicke, Farid Benboudjema, Agnieszka Jędrzejewska
ISBN: 978-2-35158-202-2
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-203-9
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2018
Pages: 499-504
Total Pages: 6
Language : English


Abstract: Biomaterials are an alternative to non-renewable materials. Hemp shives allowed developing an industrial sector favorable to sustainable development. Hence, hemp concrete is currently used as filling material in a timber frame (cast onsite, sprayed or precast). Nevertheless, hemp shiv, the reference biobased aggregate, has a limited availability. It is thus necessary to consider other bio-aggregates largely and locally available. Sunflower and corn stalks were selected for their large availability in south-west of France. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the potential of these two agricultural by-products as alternative bio-aggregates for vegetal lightweight concrete throw the determination of aggregate properties and the study of chemical interactions between plant particles water-soluble compounds and a pozzolanic binder. The results revealed a strong deleterious effect of corn water-soluble compounds on the setting and the hardening mechanisms of the pozzolanic binder. A 24 hours long setting delay was not only observed but an almost complete inhibition of the hardening was also highlighted by the mineralogical analysis and the evolution of the mechanical performances. Sunflower particles could be a good candidate for hemp shives substitution, since their characteristics are similar and their impact on the binder setting and hardening is moderate.


Online publication : 2018
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros) : 0.00


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