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Proceedings pro046 : International RILEM-JCI Seminar on Concrete Durability and Service Life Planning


Title: International RILEM-JCI Seminar on Concrete Durability and Service Life Planning
Edited by K. Kovler
ISBN: 2-912143-89-6
e-ISBN: 291214390X
Pages: 530
Publication date: 2006

The object of the International RILEM-JCI Seminar on Concrete Durability and Service Life Planning (ConcreteLife’06) at the Dead Sea in Israel (14-16 March, 2006) is to discuss the future trends in research, development, and practical engineering applications related to durable concrete construction. ConcreteLife’06 is organized under the scientific sponsorship of International Union of Testing and Research Laboratories for Materials and Structures (RILEM) and Japan Concrete Institute (JCI).

A focus of ConcreteLife’06 is the design and construction of concrete structures exposed to severe environmental conditions. Examples of such environments are highly concentrated magnesium, sulfate and chloride brines of the hot weather Dead Sea and calcium chloride salt exposure of infrastructure (e.g. pavements and bridges) in cold climates. Although reinforced concrete structures can be designed and built to be durable in harsh conditions, there are numerous occasions where this potential is not materialized.

The economic implications of the damage when such deterioration occurs are quite large. The annual cost of repairs of concrete and reinforced concrete structures deteriorated due to chloride corrosion only in the Middle East, Japan, North Europe and North America, is estimated to be hundreds of billions of dollars. Therefore, the problem of durable concrete materials and life-cycle evaluation of concrete structures for use under severe conditions in different climates, hot and cold, is critically important.

The research cooperation in studying the processes of concrete deterioration in different environments, and the development of advanced high-performance materials, with a focus on utilization of industrial by-products, such as coal fly ash and granulated slag, is expected to bring scientific and practical benefits for the society.


Contents


Foreword
Author(s): C. Kovler , R. Sato
Pages: XVII - XVII

Author Index
Author(s): C. Kovler , R. Sato
Pages: 509 - 510

Part One: Chloride and Sulfate Attack


Reinforcement corrosion in chloride environment of different concentrations
Author(s): C. Andrade, S. García, L. Toro, C. Alonso, A. Hidalgo
Pages: 3 - 12

Chloride penetration and carbonation in self-compacting concrete
Author(s): G. Heirman, L. Vandewalle
Pages: 13 - 23

Experimental studies on salty water penetration through cracks
Author(s): K. Tanaka, I. Maruyama, R. Sato K.
Pages: 24 - 32

Diffusion of chloride ions in cement-based material
Author(s): T. Ayano, K. Hosotani, K. Yamamoto, K. Sakata
Pages: 33 - 40

Ageing effect of chloride diffusion coefficient
Author(s): G.C.M. Gaal, E.A.B. Koenders, R.B. Polder
Pages: 41 - 50

Experimental study on decomposition processes of Friedel’s salt due to carbonation
Author(s): T. Ishida, K. Kawai, R. Sato
Pages: 51 - 58

Influence of aggressive environmental factors on concrete short-term and long-term strength under static and cyclic loading
Author(s): V.A. Dorf, N.M. Vassiliev, R.O. Krasnovsky, O.V. Smirnov
Pages: 59 - 64

Hardened cement paste under the action of still and flowing aggressive sulphate solutions
Author(s): S. Modrý, A. Pleskot, Z. Bažantová
Pages: 65 - 69

Role of ettringite, thaumasite and monocarbonate in hardening and destruction of Portland cement – gypsum system
Author(s): K. Kovler
Pages: 70 - 80

Part Two: Microstructural Changes


Effects of pozzolanic reaction on the evolution of coarse capillary pore structure and phase constitution in cement pastes with mineral admixtures
Author(s): S. Igarashi, A. Watanabe
Pages: 83 - 93

Cracks in concrete and fibre reinforced concrete – fracture mechanics modelling
Author(s): Y.V. Zaytsev, V. Slowik, S.N. Leonovich
Pages: 94 - 103

Cracking of high strength concrete around deformed reinforcing bar due to shrinkage
Author(s): I. o Maruyama, S. Kameta, M. Suzuki,, R. Sato
Pages: 104 - 111

Alkali silica reaction: effect of cracks on gel formation
Author(s): C.P. Ostertag
Pages: 112 - 118

Development of a method quantifying entrapped air voids at steel-concrete interface in real structure
Author(s): I. Ujike, N. Buenfeld
Pages: 119 - 128

Chloride ions diffusivity and micro-structure of concrete made with mineral admixtures
Author(s): T. Saeki, K. Shinada, K. Sasaki
Pages: 129 - 135

Part Three: Thermal and Hygral Effects


Activities of JCI-TC043A on control of thermal cracking
Author(s): R. Sato, S. Sogo, T. Kanazu
Pages: 139 - 148

Universal modeling for hydration heat generation of arbitrarily blended cementitious materials based on multi-component system
Author(s): T. Kishi, Y. Otabe
Pages: 149 - 154

Frost suction as the basic mechanism of frost action
Author(s): M.J. Setzer
Pages: 155 - 166

Correct simulation of real frost attack in laboratory tests
Author(s): M.J. Setzer
Pages: 167 - 176

Effect of curing conditions on properties of high-performance concrete and self-consolidating concrete
Author(s): M. Kaszynska
Pages: 176 - 177

Control of thermal cracking using heat of cement hydration in massive concrete structures
Author(s): T. Mizobuchi, G. Sakai, T. Ohno, S. Matsumoto
Pages: 187 - 196

Monitoring water loss from fresh concrete
Author(s): O.M. Jensen
Pages: 197 - 202

Evaporation, settlement, temperature evolution, and development of plastic shrinkage cracks in mortars with shrinkage-reducing admixtures
Author(s): P. Lura, G.B. Mazzotta, F. Rajabipour, J. Weiss
Pages: 203 - 213

Effectiveness of shrinkage reduction admixtures on cracking of mortar specimens
Author(s): A.B. Ribeiro, A. Carrajola, A. Gonçalves, F. Branco
Pages: 214 - 224

Moisture content of concrete exposed to natural atmospheres
Author(s): C. Andrade, A. Castillo
Pages: 225 - 234

Basic concepts for a model of different internal water sources
Author(s): H.W. Reinhardt, S. Mönnig
Pages: 235 - 244

Part Four: Service Life and Durability Design


Integration of technologies for optimizing durability performance of reinforced concretes
Author(s): A. Bentur, N.S. Berke, Lianfang Li
Pages: 247 - 258

Evaluation and prediction of reinforced concrete durability by means of durability indicators. Part I: new performance-based approach
Author(s): V. Baroghel-Bouny
Pages: 259 - 269

Evaluation and prediction of reinforced concrete durability by means of durability indicators. Part II: multi-level predictive modelling
Author(s): V. Baroghel-Bouny, T.Q. Nguyen, M. Thiery, P. Dangla, P. Belin
Pages: 270 - 280

A two-level approach to performance-based durability specifications for corrosion prevention
Author(s): M. Alexander, K. Stanish, Y. Ballim
Pages: 281 - 291

Validation of models for service life prediction – experiences from the practice
Author(s): R. Polder, M.R. de Rooij, K. van Breugel
Pages: 292 - 301

Key factors for producing durable concrete structures
Author(s): K. van Breugel
Pages: 302 - 309

Durability and service lifetime prediction of concrete reinforcing materials
Author(s): L.C. Bank, O. Gonenc, L.J. Malvar, T. Hoffard, J.J. Lesko
Pages: 310 - 318

Life cycle assessment of exterior cladding components
Author(s): I.M. Shohet, M. Paciuk
Pages: 319 - 329

Concrete binder performance evaluation in service life design
Author(s): J.H.M. Visser, R.B. Polder
Pages: 330 - 340

Reliability-based calibration of design code for concrete structures
Author(s): A.S. Nowak, E.K. Szeliga, M.M. Szerszen
Pages: 341 - 350

Reliability analysis for deflection of composite girder bridges
Author(s): P. Laumet, A.S. Nowak
Pages: 351 - 362

Service-life performance of RC structures made with supplementary cementitious materials in chloride-contaminated environments
Author(s): D. Val
Pages: 363 - 373

Contrasting different reliability-based design formats for the durability of concrete structures
Author(s): M.A. Maes, S. Troive, K.E. Fritzsons
Pages: 374 - 383

Probabilistic optimisation of concrete cover exposed to carbonation
Author(s): M. Holický, N. Holická
Pages: 384 - 393

Part Five: Recycling and Supplementary Materials


Heat of hydration and shrinkage properties of boron containing active belite cements
Author(s): S. Türk, G. Gürbüz, T. Ertün, A. Yeginobali
Pages: 397 - 404

Effect of GGBS on membrane potential of pastes
Author(s): Y. Elakneswaran, T. Nawa, K. Kurumisawa, K. Fushimi
Pages: 405 - 414

Modelling durability of self-compacting concrete
Author(s): Y. Elakneswaran, T. Nawa, K. Kurumisawa, K. Fushimi
Pages: 415 - 425

Strength and chemical resistance of fiber reinforced concrete based on polybutadiene matrix
Author(s): Yu. Borisov, Yu. Potapov, D. Panfilov, O. Figovsky, D. Beilin
Pages: 426 - 435

Durability of concrete made from recycled aggregates
Author(s): J. Brozovsky, J. Zach, J. Brozovsky Jr.
Pages: 436 - 443

Characterization of the hydration of portland cement blended with blast furnace slag based on SEM image analysis
Author(s): G. Ye, Jian Zhou, K. van Breugel, G. De Schutter
Pages: 444 - 453

Part Six: Testing and Repair


Concrete repair durability and project specifications – applications and implications
Author(s): A.M. Vaysburd, P.H. Emmons
Pages: 457 - 466

Testing sensitivity to cracking of repair materials
Author(s): B. Bissonnette, A.M. Vaysburd, M. Morency
Pages: 467 - 475

Damage to parking levels and underground car parks from de-icing salt – from the perspective of construction chemistry
Author(s): H. Reul
Pages: 476 - 485

Durability of reinforced concrete chimneys
Author(s): A.A. Livshits
Pages: 486 - 495

Condition assessment of reinforced concrete deck bridges under corrosion attack
Author(s): P.B.R. Dissanayake, P.A.K. Karunananda
Pages: 496 - 501

Tracing of crack depth in concrete structure using ultrasonic pulse method
Author(s): J. Brozovsky, J. Brozovsky Jr., J. Zach
Pages: 502 - 508