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Characterization of hemp aggregates – Comparison of several size analysis

Author(s): S. Liandrat, M. Trauchessec, L. Blachère, S. Amziane
Paper category: Proceedings
Book title: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Bio-based Building Materials
Editor(s): Sofiane Amziane and Mohammed Sonebi
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-154-4
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 619-623
Total Pages: 5
Language : English

Abstract: Bio-based concretes are mixes of vegetal aggregates with a mineral binder. These new materials are used for buildings as coating, wall or roofing. They provide good properties to the constructions in terms of hygrometry, acoustic, thermic and lightness. Bio-based aggregates used in these new materials are very different from classical mineral aggregates used in concrete. Their intrinsic characteristics have strong impacts on bio-based concrete properties. There are no official standard methods to describe bio-based aggregates and so it appears as an important issue to develop this field. This study is focused on hemp aggregates, which is a material commonly used in bio-based concrete. It is about how to evaluate the size of these non-mineral particles. Mineral aggregates size is defined with a single measurement because they are assimilated as a sphere, with eventually a shape coefficient to characterize flattening. Bio-sourced aggregates have a more parallelepiped shape. Two methods already exist to characterize them and are frequently used: sieving and image analysis. This study proposes a new method based on the use of a videogranulometer device. This device is based on shadowgraph principle and makes a continuous measurement on particles. It enables to obtain the width and length of each particle simultaneously, as image analysis method, with a better efficiency. This article details the elaboration of this method of evaluation of aggregate size properties: the choices of the parameters and the adaptation of the device. Compared results between the three methods, the two usual ones and the videogranulometer one, show a good correlation between the videogranulometer method and the classic ones. As a conclusion, the method developed here has the best amount of analyzed aggregates time necessary ratio and describes as well each particle, offering a great representativeness of a hemp stock.

Online publication : 2015
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros) : 0.00

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