Earth-based plasters: the influence of clay mineralogy

Author(s): José Lima, Paulina Faria, António Santos Silva
Paper category: Proceedings
Book title: Proceedings of the 5th Historic Mortars Conference
Editor(s): José Ignacio Álvarez, José María Fernández, Íńigo Navarro, Adrián Durán, Rafael Sirera
ISBN: 978-2-35158-221-3
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-222-0
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2019
Pages: 21-35
Total Pages: 15
Language : English

Abstract: Earth-based mortars have been used all over the world since ancient times, in an extensive range of building types, from vernacular architecture to monuments. Plastering is one of the most common current applications of earth-based mortars, as for earthen-building conservation or contemporary architecture. Raw earth is a very diverse natural raw material, and clay minerals play a key role on plaster properties, being responsible for its setting process and the capability of balancing the indoor hygrometric conditions of buildings, which have strong benefits on energy saving for comfort and health of inhabitants and building conservation. For this study three mortars were produced with different clayish earths to assess the influence of clay mineralogy. Mortars characterizations confirmed that clay mineralogy drives important plaster properties, like vapour adsorption, drying shrinkage, and also have significant influence on mechanical resistance, dry abrasion and thermal conductivity. Within the studied mortars illitic clayish earth stands outs as more adequate for earth-base plasters, with balanced linear drying shrinkage, mechanical resistance, dry abrasion and vapour adsorption.

Online publication : 2019
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros) : 0.00

>> You must be connected to view the paper. You can register for free if you are not a member