Technical analysis on materials and characteristics of mortar-based compounds in Roman and Late antique Aquileia (Udine, Italy). A preliminary report of the results

Author(s): Simone Dilaria, Michele Secco, Jacopo Bonetto, Gilberto Artioli
Paper category: Proceedings
Book title: Proceedings of the 5th Historic Mortars Conference
Editor(s): José Ignacio Álvarez, José María Fernández, Íñigo Navarro, Adrián Durán, Rafael Sirera
ISBN: 978-2-35158-221-3
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-222-0
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2019
Pages: 665-680
Total Pages: 16
Language : English

Abstract: In the present paper we report the preliminary results of an ongoing research focused on the
investigation of Roman mortars and concretes employed in Aquileia from Roman to Early
Medieval Age (II century BC – VI century AD). More than 250 samples have been collected
from buildings spread all over of the town, with different chronologies of construction and
different functions. Material characterization was achieved throughout a multi-analytical
approach comprising optical microscopy (OM), X-Ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and
Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive microanalysis (SEM-EDS). Analytical data
have been strictly crosschecked in relation with the chronology and purpose of the structure
from which mortars have been collected from. The preliminary results we obtained are
providing intriguing outcomes: we observed a high specialization on “recipes” in relation to
the function of mortars and concretes, but also chronology of production appears to have an
important role in the composition of mortar-based compounds. Such an extensive sampling
is giving valuable insights to decipher the relations among crafts and artisans in ancient
construction and decorative activities.

Online publication : 2019
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros) : 0.00

>> You must be connected to view the paper. You can register for free if you are not a member