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5. Effect of irradiation on corrosion of carbon steel in alkaline media



Title: 5. Effect of irradiation on corrosion of carbon steel in alkaline media
Author(s): N.R. Smart, A.P. Rance, R.J. Winsley, P.A.H. Fennel, B. Reddy, R. Gens
Paper category : conference
Book title: NUCPERF 2009 - Long Term Performance of Cementitious Barriers and Reinforced Concrete in Nuclear Power Plants and Waste Management
Editor(s): V. L'Hostis, R. Gens, C. Gallé
Print-ISBN: 978-2-35158-072-1
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-087-5
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 45 - 52
Total Pages: 8
Nb references: 5
Language: English


Abstract: This paper presents the results of an experimental programme that was carried out to investigate the possible effects of radiation on the anaerobic corrosion of the carbon steel overpack that will surround high level waste (HLW) and spent fuel containers in the Belgian Supercontainer Concept. The anaerobic corrosion rates of carbon steel were measured by monitoring hydrogen evolution rates using a manometric gas cell technique. The electrochemical behaviour of anaerobically corroding carbon steel was investigated by measuring open circuit potential, linear polarisation resistance and AC impedance.
Experiments were carried out in an artificial porewater that simulated the cementitious buffer material selected for use in the Supercontainer concept. The programme took account of irradiation dose rate (0 Grays hr-1 and 25 Grays hr-1), temperature (25ºC and 80 ºC) and chloride concentration (0 and 100 mg/l). The paper will summarise the results obtained. It was found that radiation at a dose rate of 25 Grays hr-1 had a negligible effect on gas generation rates compared to the unirradiated situation. The possible effect of radiation on the electrochemical behaviour will be discussed and the future programme will be outlined.


Online publication: 2009-11-16
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros): 0.00


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