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Mineralogical and microstructural analysis of mortars from Kushite archaeological sites



Title: Mineralogical and microstructural analysis of mortars from Kushite archaeological sites
Author(s): J-P. Letourneux, S. Feneuille
Paper category : conference
Book title: 2nd Conference on Historic Mortars - HMC 2010 and RILEM TC 203-RHM final workshop
Editor(s): J. Válek, C. Groot and J.J. Hughes
Print-ISBN: None
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-112-4
Publisher: RILEM Publications SARL
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 247 - 255
Total Pages: 9
Nb references: 7
Language: English


Abstract: This paper presents the XRD, XRF and porosimetry analyses and SEMEDX observations of nine mortars: three Egyptian plasters (New Kingdom, 15th - 11th century BC) and six Meroitic mortars (1st century AD) collected on temples, palace and pyramids in archaeological sites located between the Third and Fourth Cataract. The two first Egyptian samples were mainly composed of gypsum plaster. The third one and a binding mortar collected on a Meroitic pyramid were composed of siliceous sand bound by about 30% kaolinite-rich clay. A coating mortar collected on another Meroitic pyramid, probably highly lixiviated, had a similar composition with only 11% clay. The other Meroitic samples appeared as conventional fully carbonated lime-sand mortars. The compositions of the decorative surface layers varied from clay to lime or lime-and-gypsum, in the form of painting or applied as fresco. This extreme diversity of compositions observed is particularly interesting from an archaeological point of view. The knowledge of the various techniques used enables us to have a better understanding of foreign influences on building workers in ancient North Sudan.


Online publication: 2010-10-25
Publication type : full_text
Public price (Euros): 0.00