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Proceedings pro123-1 : Final Conference of RILEM TC 253-MCI: Microorganisms-Cementitious Materials Interactions Volume 1


Title: Final Conference of RILEM TC 253-MCI: Microorganisms-Cementitious Materials Interactions Volume 1
Edited by: Alexandra Bertron and Henk Jonkers
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-206-0
ISBN: 978-2-35158-207-7 (Set)
ISBN: 978-2-35158-209-1 (Volume1)
Pages: 288
Publication date: 2018

Infrastructures and buildings are exposed to microorganisms in a variety of contexts. Structures exposed to aggressive aqueous media containing microorganisms (waste water, soft water, fresh water, ground water, sea water, agricultural or agro-industrial environments, etc.), often concrete structures, can suffer deterioration that can be detrimental (loss of alkalinity, erosion, spalling of the concrete skin, corrosion of rebars, loss of water- or airtightness...). The deleterious effect of microorganisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, on the cementitious matrix has been found to be linked, on the one hand, with the production of aggressive metabolites (e.g. acids, CO2, and/or sulphur compounds) but also, on the other hand, with some specific, physical and chemical effects of the microorganisms themselves through the formation of biofilm on the surface. Moreover, the intrinsic properties of the cementitious matrix (physical properties, mineralogical and/or chemical composition) can also influence the biofilm characteristics.
These deteriorations lead to a significant increase in the cost of repairing structures and to loss of production income, but may also lead to pollution issues resulting from waste water leakage to the environment for example.
Also, building facades, and notably concrete external walls, can be affected by biological stains, which alter aesthetical quality of the construction, sometimes very quickly, and lead to significant cleaning costs.
In indoor environments, proliferation of bacteria and fungi on building materials is responsible for health problems through the production of microbial volatile organic compounds, allergens and toxins. The bio-receptivity of construction materials conditions the proliferation of microorganisms on their surfaces. This is a significant issue as the economic and societal consequences of bacterial proliferation inside buildings are very important.
However, in some cases, microorganisms can have beneficial effects on cementitious materials when they are used for example as a way to protect and/or repair concrete in applications such as bacteria-based engineering protective systems. New formulations of cementitious materials, incorporating selected bacteria and suitable chemical precursors, are developed with the aim to fill micro-cracks in concrete and thus improve the durability properties. Moreover, concrete with enhanced bio-receptivity are being developed, e.g. with the aim of using the buildings’ envelope to provide a higher surface of green areas (living wall systems), or to reduce the impact of marine works (artificial reefs).
More and more research efforts are devoted to these topics related to cementitious materials- microorganisms interactions within local, trans-regional on international initiatives by multidisciplinary research teams involving scientists in material science, civil engineering, microbiology, microbial ecology, and bioprocess, etc. Significant progress is made, but important scientific and technical obstacles are remaining.
RILEM 253-MCI Technical Committee (2014-2019) aimed to implement concerted approaches and comparison of research outcomes to move toward a better understanding of the phenomena and furthermore, to standardization (of test methods for example) and/or certification.
The TC was organized into four Working Groups, each group tackling a major aspect of these phenomena:
Biodeterioration / microorganisms-cement-based materials interactions in different contexts: sewers, water treatment, agricultural environments, tunnels, marine environment, nuclear waste storage, etc. and the impact on the materials’ properties (biodeterioration) and/or the structures’ performances (durability, safety, etc.)
Microbial stains on building materials and protection of materials; building materials with improved bio-receptivity (vegetal walls, reefs, etc.)
Proliferation of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi) on building materials in indoor conditions and health issues.
Bacteria-based engineering protective systems for cementitious materials (biodeposition, bacteria-based self-healing systems, etc.).
RILEM TC 253-MCI met as a Committee for the first time in May 2014, and since then the committee has held a further 10 plenary meetings, and organized an International Workshop in Delft in June 2016. Besides, numerous informal communications have been held over the years between the members of the working groups.
The TC is involved in the production of some deliverables. These will comprise a comprehensive State of the Art Report (STAR) in published book form, expected to be published next year. This Report will essentially be a compilation and synthesising of reports of the working groups. This conference is also a TC deliverable. Further, it is hoped to produce a shorter report providing a summary and practical applications, for publication in the RILEM Journals.
This conference represents the final major event of the TC. It seeks to bring together a wide range of experts – researchers, practitioners, regulators, and infrastructure managers – to share experiences and new scientific information on these problems. We are pleased that the conference has attracted 55 papers and 15 posters, which will be presented over two days in Toulouse in June 2018. These communications were organized in 4 sessions, matching the different tasks of the 253-MCI working groups: (1) Biodeterioration and microorganisms- cementitious materials interactions in various contexts, (2) Microbial stains on building materials and protection of external walls; building materials with improved bio-receptivity, (3) Proliferation of microorganisms on indoor building materials and (4) Bacteria-based engineering protective systems for cementitious materials. A Young Researcher Competition is also organized, with the aim to identify and encourage talented young scientists on these emerging topics. All the papers have been rigorously peer-reviewed by experts, primarily members of the technical committee who have specific expertise in the areas considered. Thus, we believe the conference volumes will be a valuable addition to the literature on these subjects.
We wish to acknowledge the Convenors of the Working Groups for the work they have done to facilitate the broader work of the TC, and of course the contributions of the members of the working groups.


Contents


Preface
Author(s): Alexandra Bertron and Henk Jonkers
Pages: XIX-XXI

Session 1: Microorganisms-cementitious materials interactions in different contexts - Biodeterioration


Microbial induced acid corrosion from a field perspective - advances in process understanding and construction material development
Author(s): Cyrill Grengg, Florian Mittermayr, Neven Ukrainczyk, Eddie Koenders, Günther Koraimann, Sabine Kienesberger and Martin Dietzel
Pages: 3-10

Mineralogical characterization of the alteration layer of chemically and biologically altered cementitious materials
Author(s): T. Pons, C. Fourdrin, A. Grandclerc, M. Gueguen-Minerbe, M. Tarrida, M. Peyre Lavigne, E. van Hullebusch, T. Chaussadent and Y. Pechaud
Pages: 11-21

Accelerated testing of materials under the influence of biogenic sulphuric acid corrosion (BSA)
Author(s): Holger Wack, Tilman Gehrke, Wolfgang Sand, Frank Pape, Damian Hintemann, Florian Brill and Stephan Deckert
Pages: 23-32

Accelerated biodeterioration of various cementitious materials through an accelerated laboratory chamber
Author(s): Jean Herisson, Dominique Guinot and François Saucier
Pages: 33-43

Investigation of test methods to qualify cementitious materials subjected to biological attack in sewer conditions
Author(s): Amr Aboulela, Matthieu Peyre-Lavigne and Alexandra Bertron
Pages: 45-56

Influence of biodeterioration on the mechanical properties of cement mortar
Author(s): Jorge F. Márquez-Peñaranda, Mauricio Sánchez-Silva, Johana Husserl and Emilio Bastidas-Arteaga
Pages: 57-67

1D transport reaction model coupling microbial succession of sulfur oxidizing microorganisms and Mortar reactivity for OPC-, BFSC- and CAC-based materials
Author(s): M. Peyre Lavigne, Y. Pechaud, A. Buvignier, C. Patapy, E. Paul and A. Bertron
Pages: 69-82

Extending the life factor method for predicting sewer corrosion to non-Portland-based cementitious materials – an experimental study
Author(s): Moses W. Kiliswa, Mark G. Alexander and Alaster M. Goyns
Pages: 83-95

Combining corrosion and structural performance of concrete sewers: implications for pipe design and remaining life
Author(s): AMN Goyns and MG Alexander
Pages: 97-108

Microbial activity and corrosion of calcium aluminate concrete in sewers
Author(s): M. Valix, H. Bustamante and J. Sunarho
Pages: 109-118

Accelerated biodeterioration test of cementitious materials in sewer networks
Author(s): Anaïs Grandclerc, Marielle Guéguen-Minerbe and Thierry Chaussadent
Pages: 119-126

Field investigation of cementitious materials durability in sewer environment
Author(s): T. Pons, M. Gueguen, A. Grandclerc, I. Nour, C. Fourdrin, Y. Pechaud, M. Peyre Lavigne, C. Patapy, E. Paul, A. Bertron and T. Chaussadent
Pages: 127-135

Granules-based bioconcrete: a sustainable strategy towards sewer corrosion
Author(s): Jing Wei, Philip Bond, Zhiguo Yuan and Guangming Jiang
Pages: 137-142

Biodeterioration of mortars in sewers: relation with microbial diversity of biofilms
Author(s): C. Lors, J. Aube, R. Guyoneaud, F. Vandenbulcke and D. Damidot
Pages: 143-152

Comparative study on acid resistance tests for cementitious materials apllied in sewer systems
Author(s): A. Maria Sielaff and Dietmar A. Stephan
Pages: 153-162

Interaction of wastewater microorganisms with geopolymers and cementitious materials
Author(s): Bogdan Drugă, Kira Weise, Neven Ukrainczyk, Murugan Muthu, Susanne Lackner and Eddie Koenders
Pages: 163-172

Bioreceptivity of geopolymers in wastewater: preliminary comparison with conventional mortars
Author(s): Maria P. Herrling, Neven Ukrainczyk, Susanne Lackner, Jessica Nägler and Eddie Koenders
Pages: 173-181

Corrosion of lined concrete
Author(s): M.Valix, A.W. Cheung, R. C. Sendanayaka and M.K. Nazemi
Pages: 183-192

Bio-corrosion behavior of zeolite and silica fume composites in sulphate environment
Author(s): Michaela Smolakova, Adriana Estokova and Alena Luptakova
Pages: 193-202

Optical pH imaging of concrete exposed to chemically corrosive environments
Author(s): Bernhard Mueller, Cyrill Grengg, Florian Mittermayr, Torsten Mayr, Sergey Borisov and Martin Dietzel
Pages: 203-208

Biodeterioration of reinforced sprayed concrete in subsea tunnels
Author(s): Sabina Karačić , Per Hagelia, Thomas H.A. Haverkamp, Frank Persson and Britt-Marie Wilén
Pages: 209-221

Influence of marine environment biodegradation on concrete durability
Author(s): A. Fabien, N. Sebaibi and M. Boutouil
Pages: 223-230

Biodeterioration mechanisms and kinetics of SCM and aluminate based cements and AAM in the liquid phase of an anaerobic digestion system
Author(s): M. Giroudon, M. Peyre Lavigne, C. Patapy and A. Bertron
Pages: 231-241

Evaluation of microbial proliferation on cementitious materials exposed to biogas systems
Author(s): Célestine Voegel, Nadège Durban, Alexandra Bertron, Yann Landon and Benjamin Erable
Pages: 243-257

Cathodic polarization properties of steel bars in concrete mixed with aerobic microorganism of bacillus subtilis
Author(s): K. Kawaai, I. Ujike, S. Fujioka, T. Nishida and A. Saito
Pages: 259-266

Heterotrophic denitrification by mixed populations in nuclear waste repository context, effect of alkaline pH and high nitrate concentration
Author(s): Pierre Albina, Nadège Durban, Alexandra Bertron, Achim Albrecht, Jean-Charles Robinet and Benjamin Erable
Pages: 267-276

Microbial nitrate reduction in a highly alkaline environment containing solid cement paste
Author(s): Nadège Durban, Pierre Albina, Alexandra Bertron, Achim Albrecht, Jean-Charles Robinet and Benjamin Erable
Pages: 277-286