Proceedings pro078 : 2nd Conference on Historic Mortars - HMC 2010 and RILEM TC 203-RHM final workshop

Title: 2nd Conference on Historic Mortars - HMC 2010 and RILEM TC 203-RHM final workshop
Edited by J. Válek, C. Groot and J.J. Hughes
ISBN: None
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-112-4
Pages: 1415
Publication date: 2010

An objective of the 2nd Historic Mortars Conference is to bring together scientists, technicians and professionals involved in research and studies of historic mortars to present and discuss advances in this topic. The main theme of the conference is the conservation of historic buildings and works of art, i.e. studying mortars with respect to repair. This is a unifying field where a truly interdisciplinary collaboration is needed and where contributions of archaeologist, architects, civil and structural engineers, geologists, material scientists, chemists, conservation scientists and art restorers interested in mortars should have their place. The special focus of the conference will be on the application of research and technical knowledge to conservation practice and vice versa in its reflection on such recommendations.


Author(s): J. Válek

RILEM TC 203-RHM Final Workshop Preface
Author(s): C. Groot

Theme I - Characterisation of historic mortars

Gypsum mortars of the Khoja Zainuddin Mosque in Bukhara (Uzbekistan): a contribution to building archaeological studies
Author(s): J. Badr, C. Huck-Stiasny, R. Drewello
Pages: 3 - 10

Understanding historic mortars and their variations - a condition for performing restoration with traditional materials
Author(s): K. Balksten
Pages: 11 - 18

Irish medieval mortars: implications for the formulation of new replacement mortars
Author(s): J. Bolton
Pages: 19 - 27

Ancient mortars under action of marine environment: a physico-chemical characterisation
Author(s): C. Borges, A. Santos Silva, R. Veiga
Pages: 29 - 41

Chemical, mineralogical and microstructural characterization of historical mortars from the Roman villa of Pisőes, Beja, Portugal
Author(s): G. Borsoi, A. Santos Silva, P. Menezes, A. Candeias, J. Mirăo
Pages: 43 - 54

Petrographical study of Meroitic mortars from an Amun temple (el-Hassa)
Author(s): M. Bouchar
Pages: 55 - 63

Famous men busts decorating a Parisian facade: Characterization and decay process of a cast artificial stone from the XIXth century
Author(s): A. Bourgčs, S. Cord, V. Vergčs-Belmin
Pages: 65 - 72

How did the Romans form concrete underwater?
Author(s): C.J. Brandon
Pages: 73 - 81

Mortars from historical buildings in Switzerland: petrographic examination
Author(s): G. Cavallo, A. Jornet, C. Mosca, G. Corredig
Pages: 83 - 90

Proteomic identification of milk proteins in historical mortars
Author(s): M. Crhova, S. Kuckova, R. Hynek, M. Kodicek
Pages: 91 - 97

Development of a methodology for characterization of historicalmortars in the Walloon region (Belgium)
Author(s): M. Demelenne, F. Dagrain, J-C. Scaillet
Pages: 99 - 109

Lime mortar with natural hydraulic components - characterization of reaction rims with FTIR-imaging in ATR-mode
Author(s): A. Diekamp, R. Stalder, J. Konzett, P.W. Mirwald
Pages: 111 - 118

Ancient wall plasters found in archaeological excavations in Marseilles (France): evolution of techniques and materials
Author(s): A-M. D'Ovidio, P. Bromblet
Pages: 119 - 127

Hydraulicity in historic lime mortars: a review
Author(s): J. Elsen, K. Van Balen, G. Mertens
Pages: 129 - 145

Characteristics of mortars from ancient bridges
Author(s): D. Frankeová, Z. Slízková, M. Drdácký
Pages: 147 - 155

Characterization of gypsum-selenite plasters from historic buildings in the Emilia-Romagna region (Italy)
Author(s): E. Franzoni, F. Sandrolini, L. Baldazzi
Pages: 157 - 164

Characterization of decorative Portuguese gypsum plasters from the XIX-XXth centuries: the case of the Bolsa Palace in Oporto
Author(s): T. Freire, A. Santos Silva, R. Veiga, J. Brito
Pages: 165 - 174

Petrographic examination of Gothic mortars of the house of Lords of Kunstát in Brno, Czech Republic
Author(s): M. Gregerová, D. Vsianský, R. Procházka, L. Kurdíková
Pages: 175 - 185

On the relevance of earthen supports material characterisation: Case study Nako in Western Himalayas, India.
Author(s): M. Gruber, G. Krist
Pages: 187 - 195

Ancient gypsum mortars from Sta. María Magdalena church (Zaragoza, Spain): advances in technological manufacture
Author(s): J. Igea, P. Lapuente, M.T. Blanco-Varela, S. Martínez-Ramírez
Pages: 197 - 205

Micromorphological textures and pozzolanic cements in Imperial Age Roman Mortars
Author(s): M. Jackson, B.E. Scheetz, F. Marra
Pages: 207 - 215

Cement compositions and durability in ancient Roman seawater concretes
Author(s): M.D. Jackson, G. Vola, B.E. Scheetz, J.P. Oleson, Ch. Brandon, R.L. Hohlfelder
Pages: 217 - 225

Medieval gypsum mortars as a material of architectonic details from the castle of the Teutonic Order in Torun, Poland
Author(s): M. Jakubek, F. Schlütter, W. Oberta, J.W. Lukaszewicz
Pages: 227 - 237

Traditional mortars with burned alum shale as artificial pozzolan
Author(s): S. Johansson, J.E. Lindqvist
Pages: 239 - 246

Mineralogical and microstructural analysis of mortars from Kushite archaeological sites
Author(s): J-P. Letourneux, S. Feneuille
Pages: 247 - 255

Identification of mortars in the Ottoman era in Algeria through historical documentation and laboratory analyses
Author(s): N.A. Mahindad, M. Hamiane
Pages: 257 - 265

Historic documents in understanding and evaluation of historic lime mortars
Author(s): C. Marinowitz, C. Neuwald-Burg, M. Pfeifer
Pages: 267 - 274

The mortars and plasters under the mosaics and the wall paintings of the Roman villa at Piazza Armerina, Sicily
Author(s): B. Megna, G. Rizzo, L. Ercoli
Pages: 275 - 283

How did expertise in maritime hydraulic concrete spread through the Roman empire?
Author(s): J.P. Oleson, M.D. Jackson
Pages: 285 - 292

Thermal activation of kaolinite used as hydraulic additive of old lime mixtures: a literature study
Author(s): G.L.A. Pesce
Pages: 293 - 300

Radiocarbon dating of lumps of not completely mixed lime contained in old constructions: the sampling problem
Author(s): G.L.A. Pesce
Pages: 301 - 308

The earliest use of lime and gypsum mortars in Cyprus
Author(s): M. Philokyprou
Pages: 309 - 316

Characterization of Roman mortars and plasters in Tarsus (Cilicia-Turkey)
Author(s): I. Polat-Pekmezci, A Ersen
Pages: 317 - 324

Development of an analytical protocol for characterisation of historical mortars
Author(s): L. Rampazzi, C. Corti, C. Colombo, C. Conti, M. Realini
Pages: 325 - 325

Mapping of mortars and ashlars in watchtowers of Reconquest Ages in Cuenca district, Spain
Author(s): J.R. Ruiz Checa, V. Cristini
Pages: 327 - 334

Stone-imitating plasters in the Renaissance Ducal Palace in Mantua (Italy): characteristics and decay with relation to microstructure
Author(s): F. Sandrolini, E. Franzoni, E. Sassoni
Pages: 335 - 343

Physico-chemical characterization of the plasters from the church of Santissimo Sacramento in Alcântara, Lisbon
Author(s): A. Santos Silva, G. Borsoi, R. Veiga, A. Fragata, M. Tavares, F. Llera
Pages: 345 - 357

Air lime-mortars with vegetable fat addition: characteristics and research needs
Author(s): A. Shasavandi, E. Salavessa, F.P. Torgal, S. Jalali
Pages: 359 - 364

Characterisation of dolomitic lime mortars from the Benedictine monastery in Riesa, Saxony (Germany)
Author(s): H. Siedel, S. Michalski, B. Ullrich
Pages: 365 - 372

Characterisation of ancient gypsum mortars from the archaeological site of Amathus, Cyprus
Author(s): P.E. Tsakiridis, E-E. Toumbakari
Pages: 373 - 380

Mineralogical and petrographic characterization of ancient Roman maritime concretes from Mediterranean harbours
Author(s): G. Vola, M.D. Jackson, J.P. Oleson, Ch. Brandon, R.L. Hohlfelder
Pages: 381 - 388

Gravel Lime? Research into Danube gravel as the main ingredient of the historic mortars at Castle Prandeggin Upper Austria
Author(s): R. Wacha
Pages: 389 - 396

19th century "Novel" building materials: Examples of various historic mortars under the microscope
Author(s): J. Weber, K. Bayer, F. Pintér
Pages: 397 - 404

Characterization of mortars in historical modern monuments: a realistic and an analytical approach
Author(s): G. Zacharopoulou
Pages: 405 - 414

Theme II - Assessment of mortars and masonry

Testing the freeze/thaw cycles in lime mortar
Author(s): S. Botas, V.M. Rato, P. Faria
Pages: 417 - 425

Assessment of an experimental test setup for glazed tiles by finite element simulations
Author(s): P. Cachim, A. Velosa
Pages: 427 - 435

Lime lump development and textural alteration during the production of mortar
Author(s): D. Carran, J. Hughes, A. Leslie, C. Kennedy
Pages: 437 - 445

Characterization of mortars using DRMS: Tests on field panels samples
Author(s): D. Costa, A. Magalhăes, R. Veiga
Pages: 447 - 455

Influence of mechanical properties of lime mortar on the strength of masonry
Author(s): A. Costigan, S. Pavía
Pages: 457 - 466

Non-standard testing in characterisation and consolidation assessment of historic mortars
Author(s): M. Drdácký
Pages: 467 - 474

In situ techniques for the characterization of rendering mortars
Author(s): A.P. Ferreira Pinto, R. Nogueira, A. Gomes
Pages: 475 - 482

The role of mortars in ancient brick masonries’ decay: a study in the Pio Palace at Carpi (Italy)
Author(s): E. Franzoni
Pages: 483 - 490

Historical busts made of cement mortar - methods of examinations and causes of corrosion
Author(s): A. Gralinska, J.W. Lukaszewicz, W. Topolska
Pages: 491 - 500

Deterioration of cement-rendered brick masonry buildings: case study of a World War II airfield in East Lothian, Scotland
Author(s): I. Griffin, A. Hamilton, J. Tate
Pages: 501 - 509

The Influence of calcium hydroxide on the plasticity of lime putties
Author(s): D. Klein, S. Hogewoning, S-O. Schmidt, B. Middendorf
Pages: 511 - 518

Influence of interfacial material pore structure on the strength of the brick/lime mortar bond
Author(s): M. Lawrence, P. Walker, Z. Zhou
Pages: 519 - 526

Analytical diagnosis protocol to assess the impacts of environmental stressors on historical mortars acting as the support of wall paintings
Author(s): M. Maguregui, U. Knuutinen, K. Castro, I. Martinez-Arkarazo, J.M. Madariaga
Pages: 527 - 536

Problems in the assessment of the stress-strain relationship of masonry
Author(s): C. Neuwald-Burg, M. Pfeifer
Pages: 537 - 546

Application of 1H NMR in the hydration monitoring of lime-pozzolan mortars
Author(s): M. Tziotziou, E. Karakosta, I. Karatasios, M. Fardis, P. Maravelaki-Kalaitzaki, G. Papavassiliou, V. Kilikoglou
Pages: 547 - 554

Desalination of concrete sculptures on the Battle of the Nations
Author(s): M. Zötzl, T. Löther, S. Weise, R. Burkhardt, C. Franzen
Pages: 555 - 561

Theme III - Conservation and restoration issues

Rui Barbosa Museum’s architectural surfaces in Rio de Janeiro: reflections and planning issues
Author(s): C.S. Rodrigues de Carvalho, M.I. Kanan
Pages: 565 - 572

Practical case study: mortar conservation for the Connaught building, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Author(s): J. Cooke, M.I. Subercaseaux, W.Y. Mou
Pages: 573 - 580

Mud mortars in masonry construction - Malton, North Yorkshire
Author(s): N. Copsey, B. Gourley, R. Allen
Pages: 581 - 590

Conservation of the plaster at the Lavriotike ore washeries
Author(s): Y. Doganis, A. Galanos
Pages: 591 - 598

Rosendale natural cement: reintroduction of an authentic North American historic binder
Author(s): M.P. Edison
Pages: 599 - 607

Traditional Portuguese techniques for application and maintenance of historic renders
Author(s): P. Faria, M. Tavares, M. Menezes, R. Veiga, G. Margalha
Pages: 609 - 617

Drayton Hall: a case study, mortar analysis and replication
Author(s): F. Henderson Ford, K.A. Stojsavljevic
Pages: 619 - 627

Santa Ana church - Lagos - Portugal, tender for renovation and restoration
Author(s): P.J.T. Jones
Pages: 629 - 629

Comparison between traditional, lime based, and industrial, dry mortars
Author(s): A. Jornet, C. Mosca, G. Cavallo, G. Corredig
Pages: 631 - 641

Types of mortars in wall paintings by the "Older Villach’s Workshop" and their followers (15th Century)
Author(s): A. Kriznar, A. Ruíz-Conde, P. J. Sánchez-Soto
Pages: 643 - 651

The restoration of the cathedral at Kirkjubřúr in the Faroe Islands
Author(s): P. Klenz Larsen, T. von Konow, S. Johansson
Pages: 653 - 660

Restoration and conservation of the renderings of Santíssimo Sacramento de Alcântara church, Lisbon, Portugal
Author(s): F. Llera, B. Barreiros, M. Tavares, T. Teixeira
Pages: 661 - 671

Oscarshall (Oslo, Norway) - case study of a restoration of a natural cement rendered facade from 1849
Author(s): M. Moe, J. Lukacs, T.S. Hansen
Pages: 673 - 681

Causes of decay of the Aveleiras House decorative plasters (in Torre de Moncorvo)
Author(s): M.E. Costa Salavessa, A. Shahsavandi, F.P. Torgal, S. Jalali
Pages: 683 - 690

Sgrafitto in Portugal: a contribution to its study and preservation
Author(s): S. Salema, J. Aguiar
Pages: 691 - 700

Environmental decay of ancient stucco decorations subject to outdoor exposure
Author(s): F. Sandrolini, E. Franzoni, E. Sassoni
Pages: 701 - 709

The restoration of the 12th century engraved estrich gypsum floor from the Church in Wislica
Author(s): M. Stec
Pages: 711 - 721

Restoration plaster for the wall paintings presentations in three Pre-Romanesque churches on the Adriatic coast
Author(s): V. Sulic
Pages: 723 - 732

Conservation of an Amun Temple in the Sudan
Author(s): T. Sweek, J.R. Anderson, S. Tanimoto
Pages: 733 - 741

Grouting mortars for consolidation of historical renders showing loss of adhesion
Author(s): M.L. Tavares, R. Veiga, A. Fragata
Pages: 743 - 752

Vitruvius and Antique techniques of plaster work and painting
Author(s): L. Thiemann, S. Gerzer, R. Kilian
Pages: 754 - 760

Mortars in the buildings of Pre-Hispanic Peru: structural behavior studies
Author(s): H.E. Torres Peceros
Pages: 761 - 768

Strengthening of heritage buildings by means of grout injection-problems and solutions
Author(s): M. Uranjek, R. Zarnic, V. Bosiljkov
Pages: 769 - 777

Restoration of the tile cladding of a post-war modernist building complex
Author(s): Y. Vanhellemont
Pages: 779 - 789

Repair mortars for the National Congress building, Argentina
Author(s): S. Velázquez, I. Dolmann, M. Domínguez, F. Luna, E. Etchechourry, G. Alonso, S. Acri, M. Mancini
Pages: 791 - 803

Ceramic façades in Portugal - conservation issues
Author(s): A.L. Velosa, M.R. Veiga
Pages: 805 - 812

Investigation of 14th century Byzantine and Serbian provenance fresco painting
Author(s): N. Vesic, C. Kyriakou, A. Bakolas, I. Tsamasfyrou, E.T. Delegou, A. Moropoulou
Pages: 813 - 822

Traditional stucco techniques in interior surface coatings: Northern Portugal (XIX-XXth centuries)
Author(s): E.S. Vieira
Pages: 823 - 831

Overview of the 100 Mortars Project at the archaeological site of Herculaneum
Author(s): A. De Vita, P. Pesaresi, V. Puglisi
Pages: 833 - 841

Theme IV - Repair mortars for historic masonry

Lime - natural pozzolan conservation mortars: parameters that affect reactivity and strength
Author(s): E. Ampatzioglou, I. Karatasios, B. Colston, D. Watt, V. Kililoglou
Pages: 845 - 852

Effect of pozzolanic activity of metakaolin on the mechanical properties of air and quicklime mortars
Author(s): S. Andrejkovicová, A.L. Velosa, F. Rocha
Pages: 853 - 861

Comparison of different methods to determine the packing density of fresh mortars
Author(s): A. Arizzi, G. Cultrone
Pages: 863 - 870

Characterization of stone masonry panels consolidated by injection of grouts in buildings damaged by the 2009 Abruzzo earthquake
Author(s): G. Artioli, M. Secco, C. Mazzoli, C. Coletti, M.R. Valluzzi, F. da Porto
Pages: 871 - 881

The influence of water repellent admixture on lime and lime cement mortars diffusion properties
Author(s): L. Balík, J. Kolísko
Pages: 883 - 890

Energy renovation by lime renders
Author(s): M.M. Barbero Barrera, F.J.N. González, L.M. Ramos, A. García Santos, K. Van Balen
Pages: 891 - 898

Impact of non-uniform distribution of temperature on the state of stress of masonry
Author(s): P. Beran
Pages: 899 - 907

Repair mortars for the sandstones of the cathedral of Berne
Author(s): C. Bläuer, H. Häberli, A. Löffel, B. Rousset
Pages: 909 - 916

Lime-metakaolin mortars applied on the Soledade palace, Recife, Brazil
Author(s): T.M.A. Bonilla, A.F. Ferreira, A.F. Nóbrega, E.C.R. Silva, M.L. Souza, A.M.P. Carneiro
Pages: 917 - 926

Compatibility of repair mortars with 19th century natural cement cast stone from the French Rhône-Alpes region
Author(s): M. Bouichou, E. Marie-Victoire, E. Cailleux, D. Sommain
Pages: 927 - 936

Properties of lime-based restoration mortars modified by the addition of linseed oil
Author(s): E. Cechová, I. Papayianni, M. Stefanidou
Pages: 937 - 945

Characterization of repair mortars for the assessment of their compatibility
Author(s): Ö. Cizer, L. Schueremans, E. Janssens, G. Serre, K. Van Balen
Pages: 947 - 955

Flexural strength of fiber reinforced lime mortars for historic masonry structures
Author(s): E. Erdogmus, C.K. Armwood, H. Haider, Y. Yang
Pages: 957 - 964

Effect of rice husk ash particle size in lime based mortars
Author(s): A.P. Ferreira Pinto, N.G. Almeida, A. Gomes
Pages: 965 - 972

Masonry repair options and their philosophical ramifications
Author(s): A.M. Forster
Pages: 973 - 982

Salt crystallization in substitution renders for historical constructions
Author(s): A. Fragata, M.R. Veiga, A.L. Velosa
Pages: 983 - 992

Hydration of roman cements used for architectural restoration
Author(s): C. Gosselin, K.L. Scrivener, S.B. Feldman
Pages: 993 - 1004

Two views to deal with rain penetration problems in historic fired clay brick masonry
Author(s): C. Groot, J. Gunneweg
Pages: 1005 - 1014

Durability to salt decay of commercial ready-mixed mortars for the conservation of cultural heritage
Author(s): C. Tedeschi, L. Binda, D. Gulotta, L. Toniolo
Pages: 1015 - 1022

Design of jointing mortar compatible with the masonry of the Villa Maheddine of the "Ottoman era"
Author(s): M. Hamiane, S. Aitouakli, L. Boumghar, W. Zekagh, M. Saidi
Pages: 1023 - 1033

Water transport between mortar and brick: the influence of material parameters
Author(s): R. Hendrickx, S. Roels, K. Van Balen
Pages: 1035 - 1042

Roman cement for the production of conservation mortars
Author(s): D.C. Hughes, J. Weber, R. Kozlowski
Pages: 1043 - 1050

Design and production of repair mortars for historic masonry taking into account the characteristics of old mortars
Author(s): I. Ioannou, M. Philokyprou, A. Ilia
Pages: 1051 - 1058

Stress rate sensitivity of masonry units bound with hydraulic lime mortar
Author(s): Md.T. Islam, R. Chan, V. Bindiganavile
Pages: 1059 - 1067

The design and use of repair mortars for historical masonry in Australia
Author(s): B. B. Jordan
Pages: 1069 - 1077

The effect of relative humidity on the performance of lime-pozzolan mortars
Author(s): I. Karatasios, M. Amenta, M. Tziotziou, V. Kilikoglou
Pages: 1079 - 1086

The new groups of Formulated Limes (FL) of lime standard EN 459 - bane or boon?
Author(s): B. Middendorf, D. Klein, S. Hogewoning, S-O. Schmidt
Pages: 1087 - 1095

Impact of historically inspired processes of lime mortar preparation on its properties
Author(s): D. Michoinová
Pages: 1097 - 1104

Mortars for conservation-restoration of wall painting support in rupestral churches
Author(s): I. Mohanu, I. Gomoiu, D. Mohanu, D. Nastac
Pages: 1105 - 1112

Strengthening of pure lime mortars with nanoparticles of calcium hydroxide
Author(s): C. Moreau, Z. Slizková, M. Drdácký
Pages: 1113 - 1121

Grouts for injection of historical masonries: influence of the binding system and other additions on the properties of the matrix
Author(s): I. Papayianni, M. Stefanidou, V. Pachta
Pages: 1123 - 1133

Influence of sand fines on the mechanical and physical properties of lime-based renders and plasters
Author(s): I. Papayianni, M. Stefanidou, S. Christodoulou
Pages: 1135 - 1144

The long-term effectiveness of renovation plasters from Jevícko castle
Author(s): M. Perinková
Pages: 1145 - 1150

Mortars from Roman cement and their properties
Author(s): A. Peterová, K. Doubravová, V. Machovic, J. Jirousek
Pages: 1151 - 1157

Nano-lime as a binder for injection grouts and repair mortars
Author(s): E. Maryniak-Piaszczynski, G. Ziegenbalg
Pages: 1159 - 1167

High fired gypsum mortar for screeds, terrazzo and masonry repair on historic monuments. Production, properties and sample applications
Author(s): F. Schlütter, W. Kaiser, H. Juling
Pages: 1169 - 1180

Design of conservation mortars for the restoration of the Piraeus stones at the monuments of the Acropolis of Athens
Author(s): N-A. Stefanis, P. Theoulakis
Pages: 1181 - 1188

Repair mortars studied for the conservation of temple G1 in My Son, Vietnam
Author(s): C. Tedeschi, L. Binda, P. Condoleo
Pages: 1189 - 1198

Two siliceous grouts for the preservation of stone
Author(s): A. Thorn
Pages: 1199 - 1207

Cement-stabilized earth mortars for application in archaeological sites and prehistoric monuments
Author(s): E-E. Toumbakari, A. Ntziouni, V. Kasselouri-Rigopoulou
Pages: 1209 - 1217

Design of mortars and grouts for restoration and strengthening of historic buildings
Author(s): M. Uranjek, R. Zarnic, V. Bokan-Bosiljkov
Pages: 1219 - 1227

Experimental study of hot mixed mortars in comparison with lime putty and hydrate mortars
Author(s): J. Válek, T. Matas
Pages: 1229 - 1240

Conservation of historic renders and plasters: from lab to site
Author(s): R. Veiga
Pages: 1241 - 1256

High-temperature gypsum plaster: investigations into conservation and restoration of historic gypsum objects
Author(s): U. Wende, P. Kozub, T. Arnold, J. Meinhardt
Pages: 1257 - 1264

Reducing shrinkage cracks in Roman cement renders
Author(s): D. Wilk, L. Bratasz, R. Kozlowski
Pages: 1265 - 1272

Correlation of initial and final available lime, and free water in lime putties to carbonation rate and mechanical characteristics of lime mortars
Author(s): G. Zacharopoulou
Pages: 1273 - 1281

The effect of wet slaked lime putty and putty prepared from dry hydrate on the strength of lime mortars
Author(s): G. Zacharopoulou
Pages: 1283 - 1291

Historic and modern injection grouts used in Poland for wall painting conservation
Author(s): K. Zajadacz, J. Nykiel, S. Simon
Pages: 1293 - 1300

Nano-lime - a new material for the consolidation and conservation of historic mortars
Author(s): G. Ziegenbalg, K. Brümmer, J. Pianski
Pages: 1301 - 1309

Analysis and testing methodology of mortars: a case study of the Báthory castle in Simleu Silvaniei, Romania
Author(s): A.B. Magó, A. Cosma, M. Guttmann, B. Szabó
Pages: 1311 - 1319

RILEM TC 203-RHM: Repair mortars for historic masonry - Final workshop

The role of mortar in masonry: an introduction to requirements for the design of repair mortars
Author(s): J. Hughes, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1323 - 1329

Influence of masonry typology and mortar joints on the mechanical behaviour of masonry walls
Author(s): L. Binda, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1331 - 1336

Repair mortars for historic masonry. From problem to intervention: a decision process
Author(s): R. van Hees, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1337 - 1342

Testing of repair mortars for historic masonry
Author(s): B. Bicer-Simsir, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1343 - 1347

Performance and repair requirements for repointing mortars
Author(s): M. Subercaseaux, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1349 - 1352

Performance and repair requirements for bedding mortars
Author(s): B. Middendorf, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1353 - 1357

Performance and repair requirements for renders and plasters
Author(s): C. Groot, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1359 - 1363

Performance and repair requirements for flooring mortars
Author(s): I. Papayianni, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1365 - 1376

Performance and repair requirements for surface repairs
Author(s): J. Válek, RILEM TC 203-RHM members
Pages: 1377 - 1383