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Proceedings pro121 : SynerCrete’18: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Cement-based Materials and Structural Concrete: Synergizing Expertise and Bridging Scales of Space and Time Vol. 1 & 2

Title: SynerCrete’18: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Cement-based Materials and Structural Concrete: Synergizing Expertise and Bridging Scales of Space and Time Vol. 1 & 2
Edited by: Miguel Azenha, Dirk Schlicke, Farid Benboudjema, Agnieszka Jędrzejewska
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-203-9
ISBN: 978-2-35158-202-2
Pages: 1154
Publication date: 2018

The focus of the conference is set to communicating, discussing and arousing progress in research, development and application of Cement-based Materials and Structural Concrete, which have been attained through combination of expertise from distinct fields of knowledge. Indeed, in the words of Federico Capasso, a renowned Physicist who was one of the inventors of the quantum cascade laser:
“... we must not think of science in a disciplinary way, by making boxes. Nature does not know what physics, chemistry or biology is! It is a question of putting an end to the positivist philosophy of Auguste Comte, fortunately in decline of speed, which classified the disciplines and despised the experimental activity.”
The intent of this conference was therefore to provide added value through collaboration and by bringing together researchers and practitioners with similar views in regard to interdisciplinary approaches in the fields of Cement-based Materials and Structural Concrete: it is about Synergizing expertise on the ultimate goal of Structural ConcCrete, hence the acronym SynerCrete, was chosen for the conference. Exciting fields of research such as performance-based design, 3D modelling for analysis/design, Building Information Modelling and even robotics (e.g. digital fabrication or robotics design) were included, while retaining focus on multi-scale approaches at time and spatial levels.
SynerCrete’18 also marks the end of COST Action TU1404 “Towards the next generation of standards for service life of cement-based materials and structures” (, offering a final forum to the discussions raised during the funded period of the Action, that started 4 years ago in 2014. The conference is an opportunity for the 304 COST Action members to deepen their collaboration and to focus on activities that allow the continuation of the net- working which was established by the Action. A sense of accomplishment is felt by all the members of the Action, in the view of the important achievements of networking tools that were brought about by the extended Round Robin Testing Programme (RRT+), the Numerical Benchmarking Activities and 24 Short Term Scientific Missions (STSMs). Indeed, a remarkable number of papers that have been published in the two volumes of these Conference Proceedings are directly a result of one of the aforementioned networking tools.
The conference has consisted of 8 key-note speakers and 180 regular papers presented over 3 days. It is also relevant to emphasize the collaboration of another COST Action in SynerCrete: COST Action CA15202 “Self-healing As preventive Repair of COncrete Structures – SARCOS”, which has an important contribution to the purposes of COST TU1404.
A further remark in regard to the wide international institutional support that this conference attained, is about the direct support of RILEM, fib, JCI and ACI. Specifically, with regard to the Japanese Concrete Institute, a mention is given to the special session dedicated to the most recent version of “JCI Guidelines for Control of Cracking of Mass Concrete”, as it was indeed one of the most inspiring documents that influenced the genesis of COST Action TU1404.
A final word is given in regard to the location of the conference which combines implicit symbolisms. Firstly, this is the only event of COST Action TU1404 taking place in Portugal, which is the home country of the Grant Holder and Chairman of the Action. Secondly, the conference venue is the island of Madeira, therefore not in mainland Portugal, putting attention to one of the remotest regions of Europe, officially classified as one of the eight ultra- peripheral regions of the European Union.


Author(s): Miguel Azenha, Dirk Schlicke, Farid Benboudjema, Agnieszka Jędrzejewska



Innovation in research on new binders
Author(s): John Provis
Pages: 3-9

Understanding of material dependent structural behavior for aging management of concrete structures
Author(s): Ippei Maruyama
Pages: 11-20

Innovative ways in condition assessment of concrete bridge decks: Data collection using robotics, and advanced data interpretation and visualization
Author(s): Nenad Gucunski, Jinyoung Kim, Kien Dinh, Jie Gong, Fei Liu, Seong-Hoon Kee, Basily Basily
Pages: 21-28

Demonstration projects with self-healing capsule-based and bacteria- based concrete
Author(s): Nele De Belie, Maria Araujo, Tim Van Mullem, Elke Gruyaert
Pages: 29-38


Compiled cost action RRT+ results from NTNU: Determination of parameters required for early age crack assessment
Author(s): Anja Estensen Klausen, Terje Kanstad, Emmanuel Rozičre
Pages: 41-46

Mechanical properties of cement based materials – Extended Round Robin Test of cost action TU1404
Author(s): Violeta Bokan Bosiljkov, Marjeta Kramar Fijavž, Marijana Serdar
Pages: 47-54

Strength and elastic properties of cement based materials – contribution of university of Ljubljana to the RRT+ of cost action TU1404
Author(s): Martin Klun, Lucija Strmšek, Violeta Bokan Bosiljkov
Pages: 55-60

Volume stability of cement-based materials: Round-Robin Testing within cost action TU1404
Author(s): Emmanuel Roziere, Marijana Serdar, Stéphanie Staquet, Dirk Schlicke, Miguel Azenha, Ahmed Zakarya Bendimerad, Brice Delsaute, Vinciane Dieryck, Jacek Gołaszewski, José Granja, Terje Kanstad, Anja Klausen, Zhenming Li, Elica Marušić, Martina Pezer, Antonio Ribeiro, Sofia Ribeiro, Aljoša Šajna, François Toutlemonde, Guang Ye, Behzad Zahabizadeh
Pages: 61-66

Benchmark numerical simulation in micro-level within the cost action 1404
Author(s): Peng Gao, Hua Dong, Jiayi Chen, Guang Ye
Pages: 67-72

Comparison between the experimental measurement results and the micromechanical modelling on the ageing basic creep of vercors concrete
Author(s): Shun Huang, Julien Sanahuja, Luc Dormieux, Benoit Bary, Eric Lemarchand, Laurent Charpin, Romain Thion
Pages: 73-78

Macroscopic hygro-mechanical modeling of Restrained Ring Test - results from cost TU1404 benchmark
Author(s): Vít Šmilauer, Tobias Gasch, Arnaud Delaplace, David Bouhjiti, Fragkoulis Kanavaris, Miguel Azenha, Laurie Lacarričre
Pages: 79-84

Background for a new Eurocode 2-annex: Evaluation of early-age and long-term cracking due to restrained deformations
Author(s): Terje Kanstad, Anja Klausen
Pages: 85-90


A concrete home for marine micro inhabitants
Author(s): Atteyeh S. Natanzi, Ciaran McNally
Pages: 93-98

Amino-alcohols as corrosion inhibitors against sulphate-induced corrosion of mild steel reinforcement in fresh calcium sulphoaluminate based cementitious materials: Preliminary studies
Author(s): Yegor Morozov, Simone Pellegrini, Sergio Lorenzi, Fátima Montemor
Pages: 99-104

Aspects of activated fly ash: a comparative study of different mechanical treatments
Author(s): Alexander Mezhov, Ursula Pott, Dietmar Stephan, Konstantin Kovler
Pages: 105-110

Assessment of internal relative humidity and temperature of cement based materials – parallel study using two sensor systems
Author(s): Martin Klun, Violeta Bokan Bosiljkov, Samo Beguš, Slaven Ranogajec, Zvonko Jagličić
Pages: 111-116

Carbonation resistance of high-volume fly ash (HVFA) mortar: effect of applied CO2 concentration
Author(s): Philip Van den Heede, Didier Snoeck, Tim Van Mullem, Nele De Belie
Pages: 117-122

Characterisation of concrete pumping behaviour
Author(s): Egor Secrieru, Viktor Mechtcherine
Pages: 123-128

Chloride diffusion resistance of limestone calcined clay cement (LC3) concrete
Author(s): Quang Dieu Nguyen, Mohammad Khan, Arnaud Castel
Pages: 129-134

Comparison of standard concrete and eco-concrete in respect to technical, environmental and durability performance
Author(s): Joachim Juhart, Rok Bregar, Gheorge David, Markus Krüger
Pages: 135-140

Compressive strength development of fly ash concretes cured under different conditions
Author(s): Tayfun Altuğ Söylev, Turan Özturan
Pages: 141-146

Development of a heating mortar block system for snow melting through quasi microwaves
Author(s): Yosuke Ito, Shinji Kawabe
Pages: 147-152

Durability properties of autoclaved aerated and high performance foamed concrete
Author(s): Genadijs Sahmenko, Aleksandrs Korjakins, Eva Namsone
Pages: 153-158

Effect of initial curing on corrosion behavior on steel bars in FA concrete under dry and wet actions
Author(s): Wakako Sugino, Keiyuu Kawaai, Isao Ujike
Pages: 159-164

Effect of marble powder waste on the properties of self compacting concrete
Author(s): Ali M. Mansor, Asaad A. Elshab, Ruben P. Borg, Ahmed M. M. Hamed
Pages: 165-170

Estimating the stress development in early age concrete with mineral additions from coupled measurements
Author(s): Jérôme Carette, Brice Delsaute, Stéphanie Staquet
Pages: 171-176

Evaluation of strength of reinforced concrete slabs operating under the changing water level
Author(s): Raimondas Šadzevičius, Rosita Norvaišienė, Edita Smetonaitė
Pages: 177-182

Experimental investigation of accelerators in floor concrete mixture under cold climatic conditions
Author(s): Themistoklis Tsalkatidis, Even Solbraa
Pages: 183-188

Experimental investigation of new cement composites long-term properties
Author(s): Andina Sprince, Leonids Pakrastinsh, Liga Radina
Pages: 189-194

Experimental procedures for determining the level of segregation of lightweight concretes
Author(s): Afonso Miguel Solak, Antonio José Tenza-Abril, Francisco Baeza-Brotons, Victoria Eugenia García-Vera, Marcos Lanzón
Pages: 195-200

Exposition to acid attack of mortars with nanosilica, zinc stearate and ethyl silicate coating
Author(s): Victoria García-Vera, Antonio Tenza-Abril, Marcos Lanzón, Afonso Miguel Solak
Pages: 201-206

Gas diffusion in cementitious materials: test methods review
Author(s): Fabien Gendron, Mouna Boumaaza, Philippe Turcry, Bruno Huet, Abdelkarim Aďt-Mokhtar
Pages: 207-212

Heat of hydration of ternary-, quaternary-blended cements
Author(s): Arnaud Delaplace, Denis Garcia, Marie Bayle, Quentin Favre-Victoire
Pages: 213-218

Hydration process of natural hydraulic lime blended cement mortars
Author(s): Reda Jaafri, Emmanuel Rozičre, Syed Yasir Alam, Ahmed Loukili
Pages: 219-224

Improvement of microwave absorption characteristics by sintering slag as aggregate
Author(s): Haruki Taguchi, Yosuke Ito, Shinji Kawabe
Pages: 225-230

Influence of recycled aggregate and recycled sand on the development of the early age properties of concrete since setting
Author(s): Brice Delsaute, Stéphanie Staquet
Pages: 231-236

Influence of selected factors on uncertanity of rheological measurement of fresh mortars
Author(s): Jacek Golaszewski, Grzegorz Cygan, Małgorzata Gołaszewska
Pages: 237-242

Influence of the mixture composition of cementitious pastes with optimized packing density on setting and hardening studied by ultrasound investigation
Author(s): Markus Krüger, Rok Bregar, Gheorghe Alexandru David, Joachim Juhart
Pages: 243-248

Influence of ugandan volcanic scoria as aggregates in concrete
Author(s): Stephen O. Ekolu, Kgashane T. Moila, Mikaash Bhagwager, Harry Quainoo
Pages: 249-254

Investigation, assessment and realtime readjustment of the rheological properties of self compacting concrete
Author(s): Ivan Parić, Wolfgang Kusterle
Pages: 255-260

Macro- and micro-structure evaluations of recycled post-consumer glass cementitious material for concrete
Author(s): Marija Krstic, Julio F. Davalos
Pages: 261-266

Monitoring fresh cementitious material by Digital Image Correlation (DIC)
Author(s): Evin Dildar Dzaye, Geert De Schutter, Dimitrios Aggelis
Pages: 267-272

New insights on the segregation due to manufacture conditions of lightweight aggregate concretes
Author(s): Afonso Miguel Solak, Antonio José Tenza-Abril, Francisco Baeza-Brotons, Victoria Eugenia García-Vera, Marcos Lanzón
Pages: 273-278

Particle-matrix proportioning of high strength lightweight aggregate concrete
Author(s): Elisabeth Leite Skare, Jelena Zivkovic, Stefan Jacobsen, Jan Arve Řverli
Pages: 279-284

Photocatalytic novel concrete material application and its life time standard testing
Author(s): František Peterka
Pages: 285-290

Physical evolution of the interface of fresh concrete/formwork from placement to setting time
Author(s): Typhanie Craipeau, Arnaud Perrot, Fabrice Toussaint, Thibaut Lecompte
Pages: 291-296

Properties of cement with increased lithium content
Author(s): Theodor Staněk, Alexandra Rybová, Anežka Zezulová, Martin Boháč
Pages: 297-302

Proposal of a test setup for simultaneous application of axial restraint and vertical loads to slab-like specimens: sizing principles and application
Author(s): José Gomes, Miguel Azenha, José Granja, Rui Faria, Carlos Sousa, Behzad Zahabizadeh, Ali Edalat-Behbahani, Dirk Schlicke
Pages: 303-308

Resistance to sulfate and acid attack of self-compacting concrete with recycled aggregates
Author(s): Said Kenai, Mohamed Omrane
Pages: 309-314

Self-compacting concrete with recycled concrete aggregate as ecological material
Author(s): Iva Despotovic, Ksenija Jankovic, Dragan Bojovic, Marko Stojanovic
Pages: 315-320

Standard and innovative characterization of strength, stiffness, and non-aging creep of concrete at early ages
Author(s): Mario Ausweger, Eva Binder, Olaf Lahayne, Roland Reihsner, Gerald Maier, Martin Peyerl, Bernhard Pichler
Pages: 321-326

Stress distribution in restrained ring test due to drying and autogenous shrinkage
Author(s): Semion Zhutovsky
Pages: 327-332

Study on characteristics of tensile strength of concrete considering temperature dependence in mass concrete structures
Author(s): Hiroki Izumi, Jun-ichi Arai, Toshiaki Mizobuchi
Pages: 333-338

Sulphate-induced corrosion of steel reinforcement in fresh calcium sulphoaluminate binders: preliminary studies
Author(s): Yegor Morozov, Simone Pellegrini, Sergio Lorenzi, Fátima Montemor
Pages: 339-344

The development of the early-age elastic modulus in cement-materials with different water coefficient
Author(s): Romana Halamová, Dalibor Kocáb, Barbara Kucharczyková, Petr Daněk
Pages: 345-350

The use of acoustic methods to describe the behaviour of cement pastes in the early stage of ageing
Author(s): Michaela Hoduláková, Libor Topolář, Barbara Kucharczyková, Dalibor Kocáb
Pages: 351-356

Time dependent of young's modulus of concrete in very early age
Author(s): Tatsuya Usui, Takeda Hitoshi, Hiroshi Murata, Takuya Tani
Pages: 357-362

Utilising excavated rock material from tunnel boring machines (TBMS) for concrete
Author(s): Torjus Berdal, Pĺl Drevland Jakobsen, Stefan Jacobsen
Pages: 363-368

Water absorption changes in mortars with crystalline admixture exposed to acid environment
Author(s): Victoria Eugenia García-Vera, Antonio José Tenza-Abril, Marcos Lanzón, Afonso Miguel Solak, Concepción Pla, David Benavente
Pages: 369-374

X-ray microtomographic images of fibre concrete composites fabricated using different methods
Author(s): Zbigniew Ranachowski, Marcin Lewandowski, Krzysztof Schabowicz, Tomasz Gorzelańczyk, Stanislav Kudela Jr, Tomas Dvorak
Pages: 375-380


Acoustic emission parameters of alkali activated fly ash specimens with hemp fibres under static loading
Author(s): Libor Topolář, Hana Šimonová, Barbara Kucharczyková
Pages: 383-388

Alkali activated materials: review of current problems and possible solutions
Author(s): Adeyemi Adesina
Pages: 389-394

Alkali-activated blend of calcined lateritic soil and waste marble slurry
Author(s): Luca Valentini, Ludovico Mascarin, Enrico Garbin, Maria Chiara Dalconi
Pages: 395-399

Characterization of the self-healing effect through pore structure and durability of alkali-activated cement concrete
Author(s): Pavel Krivenko, Igor Rudenko, Oleh Petropavlovskiy, Oles' Lastivka
Pages: 401-406

Durability of calcium sulfoaluminate – portland cement blends
Author(s): Gultekin Ozan Ucal, Mehmet Kemal Ardoga, Melike Sucu, Tughan Delibas, Ismail Ozgur Yaman
Pages: 407-412

Early-age cracking tendency of alkali-activated slag binders compared to ordinary portland cement
Author(s): Farah Rifai, Aveline Darquennes, Benoist Muzeau, Lavinia Stefan, Farid Benboudjema
Pages: 413-418

Effect of bauxite content and fineness on compressive strength of volcanic ash-based geopolymer mortars
Author(s): Léonel N. Tchadjié, Stephen O. Ekolu
Pages: 419-424

Effect of compacting pressure and carbonation duration on carbon dioxide activated binders.
Author(s): Pedro Humbert, Joăo Castro Gomes
Pages: 425-429

Effect of green activators on the properties of alkali activated materials: a review
Author(s): Adeyemi Adesina
Pages: 431-436

Effect of temperature on rheological properties of alkali activated brick powder based pastes
Author(s): Martin Vyšvařil, Pavla Rovnaníková
Pages: 437-442

Experimental study of the chemical deformation of metakaolin based geopolymer
Author(s): Zhenming Li, Guang Ye
Pages: 443-448

Flexural behavior and strengthening of geopolymer concrete beams reinforced with GFRP bars using CRPP sheets
Author(s): Abdalla Elbana, M Talha Junaid, Salah Altoubat
Pages: 449-454

Hybrid alkaliactivated portland cements
Author(s): Lukáš Kalina, Vlastimil Bílek Jr., Lada Bradová, Radoslav Novotný, Tomáš Opravil, František Šoukal
Pages: 455-460

Influence of sodium hydroxide concentration on mechanical parameters of fly ash-based geopolymer
Author(s): Natalia Paszek, Marcin Górski
Pages: 461-466

Investigation on strength development in geopolymer made of power plant fly ash suspension
Author(s): Szymon Dawczyński, Anita Kajzer, Marcin Górski
Pages: 467-472

Self-sensing properties of alkali-activated slag composite with carbon nanotubes
Author(s): Pavel Rovnaník, Míková Maria, Ivo Kusák, Pavel Schmid, Libor Topolář
Pages: 473-478

Solidification/stabilization of port sediments contaminated by heavy metals and tbt using slag-based binders
Author(s): Tanya Gutsalenko, Alexandra Bourdot, Peter Seymour, Laurent Frouin, Mohend Chaouche
Pages: 479-484


Alganite-bacillus subtilis based repair materials for sealing cracks in concrete
Author(s): Masahiko Ide, Keiyuu Kawaai, Isao Ujike
Pages: 487-492

Effect of anisotropy on thermal and hygric properties of hemp composite
Author(s): Florence Collet, Sylvie Pretot, Brahim Mazhoud, Christophe Lanos
Pages: 493-498

Evaluation of the potential of corn and sunflower bark particles as bio-aggregates for lightweight concrete
Author(s): Alexandra Bourdot, Camille Magniont, Méryl Lagouin, Guillaume Lambaré, Laurent Labonne, Philippe Evon
Pages: 499-504

Evolution of hemp concrete properties exposed to different types of environments
Author(s): Guillaume Delannoy, Sandrine Marceau, Philippe Glé, Etienne Gourlay, Marielle Guéguen-Minerbe, Sofiane Amziane, Fabienne Farcas
Pages: 505-510

Influence of filler effect and pozzolanic reaction of biomass ashes on mechanical properties of cement mortars
Author(s): Vlastimir Radonjanin, Mirjana Malešev, Slobodan Šupić, Miroslava Radeka
Pages: 511-516

In-plane racking strength of timber walls filled with hemp concrete
Author(s): Husam Wadi, Sofiane Amziane, Evelyne Toussaint, Mustapha Taazount
Pages: 517-522

Life cycle assessment of bio-based construction panels with magnesium binder
Author(s): Maris Sinka, Aleksandrs Korjakins, Diana Bajare, Genadijs Sahmenko
Pages: 523-528

Market potential of wood biomass ash utilisation in cement composities - Croatian case study
Author(s): Nina Štirmer, Ivana Carević, Bojan Milovanović, Ana Baričević
Pages: 529-534

Mechanical performance, shrinkage and weathering of treated hemp concrete
Author(s): Mohammed Sonebi, C. Sentenac, Sofiane Amziane
Pages: 535-540

Mechanical prediction of w.c.c. properties: experimental study and analytical modeling
Author(s): Jean Gérard Ndong Engone, Ahmed El-Moumen, Chafika Djelal, Abdellatif Imad, Yannick Vanhove
Pages: 541-546

Risk assessment of mold growth in hemp concrete
Author(s): Dmytro Kosiachevskyi, Kamilia Abahri, Mohend Chaouche, Evelyne Prat, Anne Daubresse, Cécile Bousquet
Pages: 547-552