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Proceedings pro128-3 : International Conference on Sustainable Materials Systems and Structures (SMSS2019) Durability, Monitoring and Repair of Structures


Title: Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials Systems and Structures (SMSS2019) Durability, Monitoring and Repair of Structures
Edited by: Ana Baričević, Marija Jelčić Rukavina, Domagoj Damjanović, Maurizio Guadagnini
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-218-3
ISBN: 978-2-35158-217-6
Pages: 813
Publication date: 2019

Preface: RILEM International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS 2019) is a conference organized by Faculty of Civil Engineering University of Zagreb as a supporting event of RILEM Spring Convention from in Rovinj, Croatia. Both are organised in the year Faculty of Civil Engineering in Zagreb is celebrating 100 years from its establishment, making 2019 a perfect year for hosting such an important international event. The scope of the conference was to gather scientists, practitioners, members of technical committees and users of technical recommendations, to jointly at the same place discuss and envision the future sustainable development of materials, systems and structures in a holistic, global way. SMSS 2019 conference has gathered participants from 50 countries, from Argentina to United States of America, who will exhibit a total of 290 papers. The conference was sponsored by 10 international industrial partners, supported by 6 international organisations of scientists and practitioners and organised under the patronage of 4 governmental bodies. A total of 450 contributions which arrived was reviewed by more than 150 prominent reviewers from different fields. Event was organised by 16 members of the local organising committee and 6 invited international members of organising committee. As part of the RILEM SMSS 2019 conference, segment DURABILITY, MONITORING AND REPAIR OF STRUCTURES has consisted of 107 scientific papers which cover durability aspects of construction material in a variety of structures and harsh environments, maintenance and management of civil infrastructure and sustainable repair, rehabilitation and retrofitting. Among the others, the topics addressed are characterization of innovative and traditional durable materials, diagnosis of structures including service life design, seismic safety assessment, fire resistance, repair and conservation of heritage structures, advanced materials for structural rehabilitation, strengthening methods and case studies. Editors wish to thank the authors for their efforts at producing and delivering papers of high standard. We are sure that this Proceedings will be a valued reference of research topics in this important field and that it will together with the other volumes from SMSS conference form a suitable base for discussion and suggestions for future development and research.


Contents


Preface
Author(s): Ana Baričević, Marija Jelčić Rukavina, Domagoj Damjanović, Maurizio Guadagnini
Pages: XXIV

Keynote lectures


Field survey on re-bar corrosion of carbonated existing concrete buildings in Japan
Author(s): Kei-ichi Imamoto, Manabu Kanematsu, Chizuru Kiyohara, Hitoshi Hamasaki, Toru Kinose, Kouji Teranishi, Takafumi Noguchi
Pages: 2-9

Practical Applications of Non-Destructive Testing in Assessment and Repairs of Structures
Author(s): Predrag L. Popovic
Pages: 10-21

Durability of construction materials


Chemo-poro-mechanical modeling of cementitious materials (diffusion-precipitation- cracking)
Author(s): Adrien Socié, Frédéric Perales, Frédéric Dubois, Yann Monerie
Pages: 23-30

Magnesium silicate hydrate formation at the surface of hydrated cements
Author(s): B. Lothenbach, E. Bernard, W. Kunther and K. de Weerdt
Pages: 31-38

Formation and stability of U-phase in cementitious materials under sulphate attack
Author(s): Yogarajah Elakneswaran, Li Chuang, Tomohiro Kajio, Eiji Owaki, Yuka Morinaga, Toyo-haru Nawa
Pages: 39-46

Air permeability, water penetration and water absorption to specify durability of ECO-friendly concrete
Author(s): Joachim Juhart, Rok Bregar, Gheorge David, Markus Krüger
Pages: 47

A correlation between vapour diffusion coefficient and oxygen permeability coefficient of concrete
Author(s): Rakesh Gopinath, Mark Alexander
Pages: 48-55

Suitability of impedance surface moisture meter to complement air-permeability tests
Author(s): Roberto Torrent, Veronica Bueno, Fabrizio Moro, Albert Jornet
Pages: 56-63

The intrinsic coefficient of concrete permeability subjected to cyclic water freezing
Author(s): Alicja Wieczorek, Dalia Bednarska, Marcin Koniorczyk
Pages: 64-71

NoNon equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation of the hydrodynamics in crystalline calcium silicate hydrates nanopores
Author(s): Tulio Honorio, Kamilia Abahri
Pages: 72-77

Fundamental study on waterproof performance and evaluation of repair agent filling level of self-repairing system for cracked concrete
Author(s): Hiroto Tanaka, Keiichi Imamoto, Chizuru Kiyohara
Pages: 78-85

Long-Term Mechanical and Shrinkage Properties of Cementitious Grouts for Structural Repair
Author(s): Md Shamsuddoha, Götz Hüsken, Wolfram Schmidt, Hans-Carsten Kühne, Matthias Baeßler
Pages: 86

Influence of recycled fibre reinforcement on plastic shrinkage cracking of cement- based composites
Author(s): Ida Bertelsen, L. M. Ottosen, G. Fischer
Pages: 87-94

Identification of drying, creep and shrinkage constitutive laws for concrete at 20°C and 40°C, application to VeRCoRs mock-up
Author(s): Laurent Charpi, Jessica Haelewyn, Jean-Philippe Mathieu
Pages: 95-102

Shrinkage and bond behaviour of one-part alkali-activated mortars
Author(s): Patrick Sturm, Gregor Gluth, H. J. H. Brouwers, Hans-Carsten Kühn
Pages: 103-110

Tensile behaviour of natural fibre textile-reinforced mortar
Author(s): Niki Trochoutsou, Matteo Di Benedetti, Kypros Pilakoutas, Maurizio Guadagnini
Pages: 111-118

Mechanical characterization of lime cement mortars: E-modulus and fracture energy
Author(s): Meera Ramesh, Miguel Azenha, Paulo Lourenço
Pages: 119-126

Experimental study on durability and sustainability of concrete with limestone and dolomite fillers
Author(s): Moetaz El-Hawary, K. E. Nouh
Pages: 127-136

New generation of lime-based renders with the addition of ultrafine waste material from dolerite quarries
Author(s): Ioannis Rigopoulos, Loucas Kyriakou, Ăkos Török, Theodora Kyratsi, Ioannis Ioannou
Pages: 135-142

Avoiding alkali aggregate reactions


RILEM Technical Committee: TC 258-AAA (Avoiding Alkali Aggregate Reactions in Concrete - performance based concept: current activities and achievement)
Author(s): Břrge Wigum, Jan Lindgĺrd
Pages: 144-151

Optimization of concrete prism test for ASR expansion by alkali-wrapping and a new approach assessing the alkali reactivity of concrete for nuclear facilities
Author(s): Kazuo Yamada, Yuichiro Kawabata, S. Ogawa, K. Shibuya, J. Etoh, A. Teramoto, G. Igarashi
Pages: 152-159

A new performance test method for alkali-silica reaction
Author(s): Edward Moffatt, Michael Thomas, Michael Laskey
Pages: 160-167

Strategies for quantification of alkali metal release from aggregates in concrete
Author(s): Klaartje De Weerdt, Mette Geiker, Gilles Plusquellec, Jan Lindgĺrd, Jose Duschene, Benoit Fournier
Pages: 168-175

Influence of the mineral composition of cement binder on the ACR reaction in con- crete
Author(s): Petra Štukovnik, Violeta Bokan Bosiljkov, Marjan Marinšek
Pages: 176-183

Alkali-silica reaction in alkali-activated concretes: the tempering effect of fly ash in slag/fly ash systems
Author(s): Alexandre Rodrigue, Josée Duchesne, Benoit Fournier, Benoit Bissonnette
Pages: 184-191

AAR in concrete: Russian experience
Author(s): Vyacheslav Falikman, Nikolai Rozental, Alexandr Rozental
Pages: 192-199

The effects of different cementitious binders on expansion induced by alkali silica reaction
Author(s): Taehwan Kim, Dinesh Arachchige, Quang Dieu Nguyen, Mohammad Khan, Arnaud Castel
Pages: 200

An ambt study on the effect of limestone on ASR mitigation: ground limestone vs. interground limestone in cements
Author(s): Marie Joshua Tapas, Kirk Vessalas, Paul Thomas, Vute Sirivivatnanon
Pages: 201-207

Synthesis and characterization of alkali-silica reaction products
Author(s): Z. Shi, B. Lothenbach, A. Leemann
Pages: 208-213

Analytical modelling to describe alkali-agregate reaction (AAR) induced expansion
Author(s): N. Goshayeshi, L. F. M. Sanchez, A. C. D. Santos, R. Gorga
Pages: 214-221

Microstructural analysis of ASR in concrete - accelerated testing versus natural ex- posure
Author(s): Andreas Leemann, Ingmar Borchers, Mahdieh Shakoorioskooie, Michele Giffa, Christoph Müller, Pietro Lura
Pages: 222-229

Numerical simulation of the expansion behavior of field-exposed concrete blocks based on a modified concrete prism test
Author(s): Y. Kawabata, K. Yamada, S. Ogawa, Y. Sagawa
Pages: 230-237

Reinforcement corrosion


Study on non-uniform corrosion of steel bars in concrete
Author(s): Yuxi Zhao, Xiaowen Zhang, Wang Kun, Chen Ju, Hailong Wang
Pages: 239-246

Evolving performance based environmental classifications for chloride exposure
Author(s): B S Dhanya, Manu Santhanam, Santosh Cheriyan
Pages: 247-254

Influence of the bars position in the reinforced concrete for the prediction of the chloride concentration in the layer steel-concrete
Author(s): Fabiano Tavares, Carmen Andrade
Pages: 255-262

Damage parameters of rebars in marine environment and fatigue life
Author(s): Charis Apostolopoulos, Konstantinos Koulouris, Maria Basdeki
Pages: 263-270

The reliabiltiy of corrosion detection with regard to chosen grid size
Author(s): Sylvia Keßler
Pages: 271-277

Chloride ingress in concrete exposed to a Swedish road environment for over 20 years
Author(s): Luping Tang, Dimitrios Boubitsas, Peter Utgenannt
Pages: 278-285

New mechanism of stress corrosion cracking: fracto-surface mobility mechanism
Author(s): Javier Sanchez, E. Torres, Nuria Rebolledo, Alvaro Ridruejo
Pages: 286-291

Diffusion coefficient of H in Fe: first principles calculation
Author(s): P. de Andres, J. Sanchez, A. Ridruejo
Pages: 292-299

Crack propagation rate by hydrogen embrittlement in high strength steels: trap- controlled difusion
Author(s): A. Ridruejo, J. Sanchez, E. Torres, N. Rebolledo
Pages: 300-308

Carbonation of concrete with SCMs


X-ray diffraction study of carbonation rate of C-S-H(i) with different Ca/Si ratio
Author(s): Bei Wu, Guang Ye
Pages: 309-316

Difference in carbonation behavior at 0.04%, 1% and 10% CO2 for High-Volume Fly Ash (HVFA) mortar: effect on internal humidity and resistivity
Author(s): Philip Van den Heede, Nele De Belie
Pages: 317-324

Thermodynamic modelling of the carbonation process of alkali-activated slag cements
Author(s): Xinyuan Ke, Susan Bernal, John Provis
Pages: 325-332

Traditional coatings as protection of portland cement concrete against carbonation
Author(s): Rui Reis, Aires Camőes, Manuel Ribeiro
Pages: 333-340

Investigations of corrosion due to calcium leaching
Author(s): Stefanie von Greve-Dierfeld, Yves Schiegg, Fritz Hunkeler
Pages: 341-349

Reaction products formed in early age cement pastes with granulated blast furnace slag exposed to accelerated CO2 ingress
Author(s): Hanne Vanoutrive, Özlem Cizer, Peter Minne, Ilse Van de Voorde, Elke Gruyaert
Pages: 349-356

Natural and accelerated carbonation rates of alkali-activated slag/fly ash blended concretes
Author(s): Susan Bernal, Jannie van Deventer, John Provis
Pages: 357-364

Accelerated carbonation of recycled aggregate concrete
Author(s): Andreas Leemann, Roman Loser
Pages: 365-372

On the determination of carbonation in cementitious materials
Author(s): Charlotte Thiel, Christoph Gehlen
Pages: 373-380

Construction and demolition waste as an addition in new cements. effect on carbonation
Author(s): Caesar Medina Martinez, Isabel Fuencisla Sáez del Bosque, Eloy Asensio de Lucas, Moisés Frías Rojas, María Isabel Sánchez de Rojas Gómez
Pages: 381-388

Influence of exposure environments on the carbonation resistance of concrete structures
Author(s): A. S. AL-Ameeri, M. I. Rafiq, O. Tsioulou
Pages: 389-396

The influence of cracks and carbonation level on the salt scaling resistance of natural and recycled aggregate concrete
Author(s): Ivan Ignjatović, Vedran Carević
Pages: 397-404

Accelerated carbonation of recycled concrete aggregates: the FastCarb project
Author(s): Jean Michel Torrenti
Pages: 405-412

Development of durable and structural lightweight concrete
Author(s): Maria Stratoura, Theofilos-Marios Zavras, Efstratios Badogiannis, Kosmas Sideris, Vagelis Papadakis
Pages: 413-420

Influence of biomass fly ash on hydration and carbonation of cementitious materials
Author(s): Elisabete Teixeira, Aires Camőes, Fernando Branco
Pages: 428-435

Coupling effect and durability in cement pastes and concretes with supplementary cementitious materials
Author(s): Mickael Saillio, Matthieu Bertin, Veronique Baroghel-Bouny
Pages: 436-443

Influence of high temperatures


Numerical investigations on post-fire bond performance of reinforcement in concrete
Author(s): Arunita Das, Josipa Bošnjak, Sharma Akanshu
Pages: 445

Effects of rehydration conditions on the mechanical recovery and the properties of portland cement paste subjected to high temperature
Author(s): Heongwon Suh, Taehoon Park, Hyeonseok Jee, Bumyean Cho, Sungchul Bae
Pages: 446-453

High-temperature behavior of heavy-weight concretes
Author(s): Flora Faleschini, Raissa Njinwoua, Anne-Lise Beaucour, Prosper Pliya, Albert Noumowe, Carlo Pellegrino
Pages: 454-461

Predicting the fire rating of reinforced concrete columns: effect of load induced thermal strains (LITS)
Author(s): Hitesh Lakhani, Joško Ožbolt, Batsuuri Boldbaatar
Pages: 462-469

Explosive spalling potential of ultra-high performance concrete prepared by a novel approach
Author(s): Xu-Jing Niu, G.F. Peng, Ya-Jie Shang, Xi-Wang Chen, Hong Ding
Pages: 470-477

Multiaxial behaviour of fibre reinforced mortar for masonry strengthening subjected to high temperatures
Author(s): Joăo Almeida, Eduardo Pereira, Hernán Xargay, Paula Folino, Joaquim Barros
Pages: 478-485

Numerical model of an experimentaly tested timber-concrete composite slab exposed to fire
Author(s): Cvetanka Chifliganec, Meri Cvetkovska, Ljupco Lazarov, Ana Tormbeva Gavriloska
Pages: 486-493

Condition assessment and monitoring of structures


Durability of reinforced concrete structures – An overview of past and current re- search achievements in Croatia
Author(s): Dubravka Bjegović, Marijana Serdar, Ana Baričević
Pages: 495-502

Factors affecting durability of concrete repairs
Author(s): Dunja Vla, Predrag Popovic
Pages: 503-510

Mistakes in design and building of concrete structures - practice examples
Author(s): Jure Galić, Željko Lebo
Pages: 511-518

Investigation works and structure condition of sewerage pipe under Heinzelova street in city of Zagreb
Author(s): Jure Galić, Ivana Banjad Pečur
Pages: 519-526

Preliminary analysis of durability related field inspection of reinforced concrete bridge
Author(s): Dita Vořechovská, Petr Konečný, Martina Šomodíková, Pavla Rovnaníková
Pages: 527-533

The renewal of multi-storey prefabricated residential buildings
Author(s): Mirjana Laban, Radomir Folic, Vlastimir Radonjanin, Mirjana Malešev
Pages: 534-541

Investigation and repair of stone building facades
Author(s): Dunja Vla
Pages: 542-549

Reconstruction of a family villa in Zagreb city center
Author(s): Angela Čuljak
Pages: 550-555

Influence of pounding on seismic performance of existing buildings in the city of Zagreb, Croatia
Author(s): Jakov Oreb, Božen Mušterić, Marta Šavor Novak, Josip Atalić
Pages: 556-563

Fundamental study on detecting internal defect of timber due to termite and its me- chanical improvement with resin
Author(s): Akiko Ohtsuka, Kei-ichi Imamoto, Chizuru Kiyohara
Pages: 564-571

Advances in durability monitoring of concrete structures
Author(s): Ueli Angst
Pages: 572-579

Development of a multifunctional concrete with carbon sensor
Author(s): Paulo Cachim, Emanuel Pereira
Pages: 580-586

Modal identification of a double-curvature concrete arch dam under natural excitation: analysis of the accuracy achieved with different types of accelerometers
Author(s): Sergio Pereira, Filipe Magalhăes, Carlos Moutinho, Ălvaro Cunha
Pages: 587-594

Evaluation of service life of reinforced concrete in the middle east eight years of testing
Author(s): Mohamad Nagi, Jessi Meyer, Nizar Marjaba
Pages: 603-610

8-year performance of cathodic protection systems in reinforced concrete slabs and life-cycle cost benefits
Author(s): Deepak Kamde, Naveen Krishnan, Radhakrishna Pillai, George Sergi, Dhruvesh Shah,Rajendran Velayudham
Pages: 611-618

Organic corrosion inhibitors - bio based technology to extend durability of concrete for new build and existing structures performance
Author(s): Ivana Lipošćak, Jessi Meyer, Boris Mikšić
Pages: 619-626

Lime-based historic repair


Testing properties governing the durability of lime-based repair mortars
Author(s): I. Papayianni, J. Válek, J. Alvarez, V. Bokan Bosiljkov, P. Faria, L. Ferrara, C. Groot
Pages: 628

Durability of lime based renders: a review of some degradation mechanisms and as- sessment test methods
Author(s): Rosario Veiga, Ana Velosa, Kristin Balksten, José I. Alvarez, Cristiana Nunes, Magdalini Theodoridou, Paulina Faria, Ioanna Papayianni, Rob van Hees
Pages: 629-636

Microstructure aspects related to durable lime mortars
Author(s): Maria Stefanidou
Pages: 637-643

Durability aspects related to repointing of historic mortars with lime based mortar
Author(s): Caspar Groot, Rob van Hees, Ioanna Papayianni
Pages: 644-651

Self-healing lime mortars: an asset for restoration of heritage buildings
Author(s): Cristina De Nardi, Claudia Brito de Carvalho Bello, Liberato Ferrara, Antonella Cecchi
Pages: 652-659

Evaluation of lime-based mortars used for repairing the Galerius Palace (4th century AD) during Restoration project (1994-2006)
Author(s): Ioanna Papayianni, Maria Stefanidou, Vasiliki Pachta, Stavroula Konopisi, Fani Athanasiou, Maria Sarantidou
Pages: 660-667

Material properties of heritage masonry buildings from 19th century
Author(s): Davor Grandić, Paulo Šćulac, Natalija Bede
Pages: 668-675

Structural and material diagnostics of historical industrial buildings
Author(s): Piotr Berkowski, Grzegorz Dmochowski
Pages: 676-683

Optimising in-situ testing for historic masonry structures: a case study
Author(s): Piotr Berkowski, Grzegorz Dmochowski
Pages: 684-691

Thermal behavior of rigid and flexible composite-to-substrate strengthening
Author(s): Bogusław Zając, Arkadiusz Kwiecień
Pages: 692-699

A probabilistic approach to investigate the physical compatibility between bedding and re-pointing mortars
Author(s): Cristina Tedeschi, Elsa Garavaglia
Pages: 700-707

Seismic retrofitting of masonry walls with textile reinforced mortar composites
Author(s): Gianmarco de Felice, Stefano De Santis
Pages: 708-715

High-performance repair


Experimental investigation on RC beams strengthened with bottom or side NSM FRP bars
Author(s): Thanongsak Imjai, Monthian Setkit, Navapadol Khumthong, Kornrit Keeratithanikkul, Reyes Garcia
Pages: 719-723

Use of NSM FRP for the strengthening of a bridge deck - a case study
Author(s): Alejandro Perez Caldentey
Pages: 724-731

Effect of corner radius on the axial behavior of FRCM-confined concrete members
Author(s): Jaime Gonzalez-Libreros, Flora Faleschini, Mariano Angelo Zanini, Carlo Pellegrino
Pages: 732-739

Rehabilitation of an old steal railway bridge using UHPFRC - material characteris- tics and casting technology
Author(s): Aljoša Šajna, Irina Stipanović Oslaković, Henar Martín-Sanz, Domagoj Damjanović
Pages: 740-747

Experimental investigation of a steel railway bridge strengthened with UHPFRC deck slab
Author(s): Domagoj Damjanović, Sandra Škarić Palić, Irina Stipanović Oslaković, Henar MartínSanz, Janko Košćak, Ivan Duvnjak, Uroš Bohinc
Pages: 748-755

Experimental investigations of UHPC, steel fibres and embedded steel fibres under cyclic tensile loading
Author(s): Martin Empelmann, Vincent Oettel, Jan-Paul Lanwer
Pages: 756-763

Upgrading the concept of UHPFRC for high durability in the cracked state: the con- cept of ultra high durability concrete in the approach of the H2020 project ReSHEALience
Author(s): Pedro Serna, Francesco Lo Monte, Eduard Mezquida-Alcaraz, Estefania Cuenca, Viktor Mechtcherine, Michaela Reichardt, Alva Peled
Pages: 764-771

High-performance and durable fiber concrete made of recycled carbon fibers
Author(s): Magdalena Kimm, Thomas Gries
Pages: 772-779

Analysis of Steel Fibers Distribution and Orientation in Hybrid-Fibers Reinforced High-Performance Concrete Column Using Micro-Computed Tomography
Author(s): Taehoon Park, Heongwon Suh, Jaeyeon Park, Bumyean Cho, Seyoon Yoon, Sungchul Bae
Pages: 788-795

Towards the development of damage tolerant engineered cementitious composites with super-elastic reinforcement
Author(s): Dario Mirza, Eduardo Pereira, Joăo Almeida, Vitor Cunha
Pages: 796-803

Tests on strengthening fasteners in riveted steel structures - fit bolts and weld studs
Author(s): Janusz Hołowaty, Bernard Wichtowski
Pages: 804-811

Methodology of numerically aided optimisation of consolidants for surface treat- ments of mortars
Author(s): Methodology of numerically aided optimisation of consolidants for surface treatments of mortars
Pages: 812-813