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Proceedings pro120-2 : 2nd International RILEM/COST Conference on Early Age Cracking and Serviceability in Cement-based Materials and Structures (EAC-02) Volume 2


Title: 2nd International RILEM/COST Conference on Early Age Cracking and Serviceability in Cement-based Materials and Structures (EAC-02) Volume 2
Edited by: Stéphanie Staquet and Dimitrios Aggelis
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-198-8
ISBN: 978-2-35158-200-8
Pages: 439
Publication date: 2017

We are honored to organize and host the 2nd International RILEM/COST Conference on Early Age Cracking and Serviceability in Cement-based Materials and Structures EAC-02, 12-14 September 2017 in Brussels in Belgium in conjunction of the annual scientific meeting of the COST Action TU1404 (http://www.tu1404.eu). The conference is scientifically endorsed by RILEM.
This COST Action TU1404 is entitled: “Towards the next generation of standards for service life of cement-based materials and structures”, dedicated to assist deepening knowledge regarding the service life behavior of cement-based materials and structures. The main purpose of this Action is to bring together relevant stakeholders (experimental and numerical researchers, standardization offices, manufacturers, designers, contractors, owners and authorities) in order to reflect today’s state of knowledge in new guidelines/recommendations, introduce new products and technologies to the market, and promote international and inter-specialty exchange of new information, creating avenues for new developments.
The COST Action TU1404 is basically divided in three main workgroups targeted to: WG 1 – Testing of cement-based materials and RRT+WG 2 – Modelling and benchmarkingWG 3 – Recommendations and productsAlso, two important instruments of the Action are under way: the Extended RoundRobin Testing Program (RRT+) and the numerical benchmarking. The RRT+ is currently involving 42 enrolled laboratories.
This International RILEM/COST Conference follows the RILEM InternationalConference on Early Age Cracking in Cementitious Systems (EAC’01) organized inMarch, 2001, in Haifa, Israel, by Prof. Konstantin Kovler. The EAC’01 conference was dedicated to early age cracking in cementitious systems, one of the most prominent topics tackled by COST Action TU1404. Indeed, this Action includes in the working group 1 (WG1) the following priorities: fresh properties and setting, chemical and microstructural characterization, transport properties and boundary effects, mechanical properties and creep, volume stability and fracture properties and cracking. In the working group 2 (WG2), this Action includes the following priorities: microstructural modelling, multiscale modelling, macroscopic modelling, probabilistic modelling and benchmarking calculations. It is the reason why, to continue the tradition of the specific conference EAC’01, the idea came naturally to organize the EAC-02 conference in conjunction with the annual event of the COST Action TU1404.
The present conference deals with a wide breadth of topics related to early age cracking of cement-based materials and to the service life of concrete from nano up to macro scales including both material and structural scales and comprising aspects related to the 3 Workgroups mentioned above. The conference is attended by 165 participants including 12 invited plenary speakers and 140 presenters from university, industry and practice representing more than 30 different countries. All contributions have been peer reviewed. The event takes place in Brussels, at the campus of the Université Libre de Bruxelles, 12-14 September 2017. It is a great pleasure to welcome you in Brussels,the capital of the European Union, having a long history of hosting the institutions of the European Union, a place with a rich history and vibrant activities situated in the heart of Europe.Welcome to Brussels, an open and cosmopolitan city where 183 nationalities live side by side!


Contents


Transport and thermal processes


Effects of super-hydrophobic GGBS on the transport properties of lightweight aggregate concrete
Author(s): Q.L. Yu, Z.Y. Qu, H.J.H. Brouwers
Pages: 509-514

Predicting depth of carbonation of concrete for varying climatic conditions
Author(s): Rakesh Gopinath, Mark Alexander and Hans Beushausen
Pages: 515-520

Water permeability of cementitious materials: outstanding issues on measurement and modelling approaches
Author(s): Quoc Tri Phung, Ravi A. Patel, Norbert Maes, Diederik Jacques
Pages: 521-526

Ion-leaching properties of blast furnace slag and fly ash under alkaline conditions
Author(s): Woonggeol Lee, Kyungnam Kim, Seungmin Kang, Myongshin Song
Pages: 527-532

Mechanical properties


Influence of PCA on structure of fly ashes and slag obtained by mechanosynthesis. Applications: Mechanical performance of substituted paste (CEMI+ 50% slag /or fly ashes)
Author(s): Othmane Bouchenafa, Rabah Hamzaoui, Abdelkrim Bennabi, Johan Colin
Pages: 535-540

Effects of nano-metakaolin on cement mortar and concrete properties
Author(s): Steve Wilben Macquarie Supit, Rilya Rumbayan, Adriana Ticoalu
Pages: 541-546

The effect of different air entraining admixtures on freeze-thaw scaling resistance of concrete
Author(s): Ksenija Jankovic, Marko Stojanovic, Dragan Bojovic, Ljiljana Loncar, Lana Antic
Pages: 547-552

Mechanical performance of mortars modified with hemp fibres, shives and milled fly ashes
Author(s): Rabah Hamzaoui, Sofiane Guessasma, Kamilia Abahri
Pages: 553-558

Concrete Mix Design Optimization using Artificial Neural Networks
Author(s): Bal Lyes, Buyle-Bodin François
Pages: 559-564

Mechanical properties and creep


Early-age responses of railway prestressed concrete sleepers to creep and shrinkage
Author(s): Dan Li, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Peter Robery
Pages: 567-572

Experimental investigation on strain distribution in reinforcement of RC specimens
Author(s): Eugenijus Gudonis, Regimantas Ramanauskas, Aleksandr Sokolov
Pages: 573-578

Systematic Investigations with Restraining Frames for Reinforced Concrete
Author(s): Katrin Turner, Dirk Schlicke, Nguyen Viet Tue
Pages: 579-584

Investigation on Impact resistance and Mechanical Properties of self compacting concrete made with Fly ash and GGBS
Author(s): Parasivamurthy Prakash, Veena Jawali, Srishaila Jagalur Mahalingasharma, Vivek Rama Das and Pramod A V
Pages: 585-590

Stress concentrations induced by active and passive reinforcements in a concrete containment building
Author(s): Laurent Charpin, Jean-Philippe Mathieu, Thierno Sow
Pages: 591-596

Set of creep and shrinkage data for a normal strength concrete
Author(s): Martin Drexel, Yvonne Theiner, Günter Hofstetter
Pages: 597-602

Determination of concrete elastic modulus in early age for temperature stress testing under the effect of restraint
Author(s): He Zhu, Yu Hu, Qingbin Li, Mingyang Zhang
Pages: 603-608

Influence of gradual imposition of tensile stresses on associated viscoelastic behaviour
Author(s): Dirk Schlicke, Eva Maria Dorfmann
Pages: 609-614

Early age cracking resistance of pre-stressed concrete beams subjected to long-term service loads
Author(s): Gnida Sossou
Pages: 615-620

Developing a Common Approach to using Eurocode 2 for Early Thermal Effects and Crack Control – Process and Lessons learnt
Author(s): Ioannis Sfikas, Cremona Makaginsar, James Banks, David Gibson, Adrian Douglas, Ian Gibb
Pages: 621-626

Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Peculiarities of Concrete Behavior in Time and the Concrete Limit Characteristics from the Standpoint of Creep Adsorption Theory
Author(s): Merab Lordkipanidze, Olgha Giorgishvili, Iuri Salukvadze, Nika Botchorishvili,Aleksandre Tatanashvili
Pages: 627-632

Evaluation of Material Properties for Young Concrete
Author(s): Anders Hösthagen, Jan-Erik Jonasson, Mats Emborg, Martin Nilsson
Pages: 633-638

Macroscopic modelling


Thermo-hygro-mechanical modelling of concrete structures in service life: a multi-scale approach in the IntegraCrete project
Author(s): Miguel Azenha, Rui Faria, José Granja, Carlos F. Sousa, Rui Carvalho, Hadi Mazaheripour, Behzad Zahabizadeh
Pages: 641-646

Thermo-mechanical modeling of the early age behavior of concrete in Nuclear Containment Buildings
Author(s): El-Mahdi BOUHJITI, Matthieu BRIFFAUT, Julien BAROTH, Frédéric DUFOUR and Benoît MASSON
Pages: 647-652

Modeling Restrained Shrinkage-Induced Cracking in concrete elements using the Thick Level Set approach
Author(s): Rebecca Nakhoul, Olivier Pierard
Pages: 653-658

Multi-scale strategy for modeling macrocracks propagation in large reinforced concrete structures
Author(s): Christian Nader, Pierre Rossi, Jean-Louis Tailhan
Pages: 659-664

Thermo-chemo-mechanical behavior of alkali-activated slag materials Focus on early-age
Author(s): Farah Rifai, Aveline Darquennes, Farid Benboudjema, Benoist Muzeau, Lavinia Stefan
Pages: 665-670

Phase-field modeling of shrinkage cracks in cement-based materials
Author(s): Tuanny Cajuhi, Pietro Lura, Laura De Lorenzis
Pages: 671-676

Experimental study and numerical estimation of the early age behavior of a massive concrete structure
Author(s): Bary Benoit, Bastiaens Wim, Bernachy-Barbe Fabien, Honorio Tulio, Imbert Christophe, Neji Mejdi, Poyet Stéphane, Segarra Corinne, Touzé Gaëtan
Pages: 677-682

Hygro-mechanical modelling of self induced stresses in concrete
Author(s): François Soleilhet, Farid Benboudjema, X. Jourdain, Fabrice Gatuingt
Pages: 683-688

Discrete modelling of hardening-induced cracking
Author(s): Dirk Schlicke, Gramos Muja
Pages: 689-694

Macroscopic calculation model for simulating early age behavior of concrete members
Author(s): Lýdia Matiašková, Július Šoltész
Pages: 695-702

Validation of CTU Prague thermo-mechanical simulator with TU Graz restraining frame experiments
Author(s): Karolina Hájková, Dirk Schlicke, Katrin Turner, Vít Šmilauer, Petr Havlásek, Peter Heinrich
Pages: 703-708

Prediction of the delayed behavior of concrete structures
Author(s): A. Brahma
Pages: 709-714

Prediction of concrete drying and its effect on gas permeability: application to a vessel of nuclear power plant
Author(s): Jérôme Carette, Martin Buszyk, Farid Benboudjema
Pages: 715-720

Crack analysis of reinforced concrete members based on predicted mean strain of reinforcement
Author(s): Gintaris Kaklauskas, Mattia Francesco Bado
Pages: 721-726

Structural health monitoring


In situ monitoring of slab's structure degradation casting under hot climate
Author(s): Ahmed Bouaziz, Oussama Temami, Mekki Mellas
Pages: 729-734

Axial loading of small scale sandwich panels with textile reinforced cementitious faces monitored by DIC
Author(s): Jolien Vervloet, Petra Van Itterbeeck, Svetlana Verbruggen, Michael El Kadi, Matthias De Munck, Jan Wastiels, Danny Van Hemelrijck, Tine Tysmans
Pages: 735-740

Real-time monitoring of concrete structures using embedded piezoelectric ultrasonic transducers
Author(s): Arnaud Deraemaeker, Cédric Dumoulin
Pages: 741-746

Characterization of carbonation-induced changes in crack features and geometry in hardened cement pastes
Author(s): Anna Varzina, Quoc Tri Phung, Bart Rogiers, Janez Perko, Diederik Jacques, Norbert Maes, Özlem Cizer
Pages: 747-752

Detection of Cracking Damage in-Service Concrete by AE Energy Parameter
Author(s): Tetsuya Suzuki and Yuma Shimamoto
Pages: 753-758

Qualification and development of devices for testingand monitoring concrete at early age


Influence of specimen geometry and boundary conditions on concrete cracking in the restrained elliptical ring test
Author(s): Wei Dong, Xiangming Zhou, Wenyan Yuan
Pages: 761-766

NDT TESTING OF STIFFNESS EVOLUTION OF UHPFRC SINCE CASTING
Author(s): Ana Mafalda Matos, José Granja, Sandra Nunes, José L. B. Aguiar, Miguel Azenha
Pages: 767-772

Plastic Shrinkage Cracking in Concrete – Influence of Test Methods
Author(s): Faez Sayahi, Mats Emborg, Hans Hedlund
Pages: 773-778

Assessing the mechanical behaviour of concrete before and during setting with a resonance based technique: preliminary prototypes and results
Author(s): José Granja, Miguel Azenha
Pages: 779-784

Microstructure


Effect of aluminium hydroxide on clay mortars properties
Author(s): Laurent Libessart, Claudia Charlotte Tchamo Leussa, Chafika Djelal, Maurice Gonon, Chantale Djangang Nijoumou, Antoine Elimbic
Pages: 787-792

Effect of salt and water crystallization on the degradation of pore structure of cement mortars
Author(s): Alicja Wieczorek*, Marcin Koniorczyk, Piotr Konca, Francesco Pesavento, Dariusz Gawina
Pages: 793-798

A facile way to prepare super-hydrophobic GGBS
Author(s): Z.Y. Qu, Q.L. Yu H.J.H. Brouwers
Pages: 799-804

Chromium trapping in the cement matrix: potential of leaching from RCA and stabilization
Author(s): Oumeima Ben Maaouia, Rabah Hamzaoui, Abdelkrim Bennabi, Johan Colin, Horacio colina
Pages: 805-810

Cracking mitigation


Self-healing approaches for the preventive repair of concrete structures: SARCOS COST Action
Author(s): Mercedes Sánchez, Abir Al-Tabbaa, Nele De Belie, Liberato Ferrara, Anthony Jefferson
Pages: 813-818

The impact of alternating temperature for crack formation in concrete tubes
Author(s): Raimondas Šadzevičius, Vincas Gurskis, Rosita Norvaišienė, Edita Smetonaitė
Pages: 819-824

Optimization strategy for the construction phase of a massive concrete structure
Author(s): Eduardo M. R. Fairbairn, Mariane R. Rita, Henrique C. C. Andrade, Fernando L. B. Ribeiro,Helio J. C. Barbosa
Pages: 825-828

CONTROL OF EARLY AGE CRACKING IN EARLY-STRENGTH CONCRETE BASED ON ALKALI-ACTIVATED SLAG CEMENT
Author(s): Pavel Krivenko *, Oleg Petropavlovskiy, Igor Rudenko, Serhii Lakusta
Pages: 829-834

Effect of w/c-ratio, curing conditions and testing age on concrete performance for Service Life Design
Author(s): Ebensperger, Luis, Olivares, Mario
Pages: 835-840

Plastic shrinkage and cracking


Influence of depth on the cracking of plastic concrete
Author(s): Riaan Combrinck, Lourens Steyl, William Peter Boshoff
Pages: 843-848

Understanding the influence of externally bonded TRC on the cracking behaviour of a plain concrete beam
Author(s): Svetlana Verbruggen, Tine Tysmans, Jan Wastielsa
Pages: 849-854

Crack control in Textile Reinforced Cement
Author(s): Wastiels Jan, Tysmans Tine, El Kadi Michael, De Munck Matthias, Verbruggen Svetlana
Pages: 855-860

Determination of cracking related properties of engineering cementitious composites
Author(s): Süleyman B. Keskin, Mustafa Şahmaran, İsmail Ö. Yaman
Pages: 861-866

Plastic shrinkage properties of cement mortar for large area floor
Author(s): Sehoon Jeon, Changyeul Moon2, Seungmin Kang, Myongshin Song
Pages: 867-874

Physical Properties and Durability


Thermal Properties of Normal Strength Concrete with Different Percentages of Fly Ash Replacements
Author(s): Rayed Alyousef
Pages: 877-882

CO2 DIFFUSION IN CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS MADE WITH BLAST FURNACE SLAG - INFLUENCE OF AN ACCELERATED CARBONATION
Author(s): Ph. Turcry, F. Gendron, A. Aït-Mokhtar
Pages: 883-888

Coupled influence of chloride and carbonation on the service life of unsaturated concrete
Author(s): Achour Mohamad, Amiri Ouali, Bignonnet François, Rozière Emmanuel
Pages: 889-894

Durability performance of fly ash concrete with prescribed and measured k-values
Author(s): T. Altuğ Söylev
Pages: 895-900

Durability of mortars made with recycled fine aggregates under severe sulfate environment
Author(s): S. T. Lee, K. P. Park, J. P. Kim
Pages: 901-906