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Proceedings pro083 : 2nd International Conference on Microstructural-related Durability of Cementitious Composites


Title: 2nd International Conference on Microstructural-related Durability of Cementitious Composites
Edited by Guang Ye, K. van Breugel, Wei Sun and Changwen Miao
ISBN: 978-2-35158-129-2
e-ISBN: 978-2-35158-123-0
Pages: N/A
Publication date: 2012

Durability of materials and structures is one of the key-components of sustainable development. Premature failures due to any kind of degradation gives rise to expensive repair or, in the worst case, complete demolition of a structure. The indirect costs of repair due to process or traffic interruptions may easily exceed 5 to 10 times the direct costs. Premature failure of aging materials and structures and, hence, a shorter service life, also means higher impact on the environment and a negative contribution to the development of a sustainable society.

Degradation of materials and structures finds its origin in infinitesimal small changes and instabilities at the atomic, nano and microscale of a material. These are the levels at which aging phenomena start. This is at least one way to look at durability and sustainable issues. In 2008 this way of looking at the problem had inspired the school of Materials Sciences & Engineering of Southeast University in China and the section Materials & Environment of Delft University of Technology to organize the first International Conference on Microstructure Related Durability of Cementitious Composites in Nanjing. The conference became a success and it was decided to organize a second conference, Microdurability’2012, in Amsterdam. The response to the call for papers for this second conference was overwhelming. Over 260 abstracts were submitted, finally resulting in almost 190 papers. Attendants from more than 40 countries have subscribed to the conference, representing all continents. This response convincingly illustrates the relevance of the topic and the interest of researchers and other stakeholders to participate in the durability debate.

Microdurability’2012 is a Sino-Dutch initiative organized under the umbrella of RILEM and is also supported by ACI. The organizers would like to thank both RILEM and ACI for adopting this conference. From the Chinese side both Southeast University and Jiangsu Research Institute of Building Science participated in organizing this conference, whereas from the Dutch side Delft University of Technology was involved. Since the conference takes place in The Netherlands, it is clear that most of the work for organizing this event was carried by staff members and PhD students from the TU Delft. The enthusiasm and perseverance of the key-persons in the organization, Mrs. Iris Batterham and dr. Ye Guang and their team was enormous and is gratefully acknowledged here.

On behalf of the Organizing Committee we would finally like to thank all the keynote speakers, the Scientific Committee, authors and delegates for their collaboration and presence in this conference. The support from companies, who have sponsored the conference, is gratefully acknowledged. We wish you all most fruitful discussions during this conference, a wonderful stay in Amsterdam and unforgettable visits to typically Dutch places in Amsterdam’s neighborhood.

Organizing Committee
Prof.dr. K. van Breugel, chairman
Prof. Wei Sun, co-chairman
Prof. Changwen Miao, co-chairman


Contents


Preface
Author(s): Organizing Committee, Prof.Dr.K. van Breugel, Prof. Wei Sun, Prof. Changwen Miao
Pages: XXXV

Keynotes


Knowledge of microstructure of concrete for the design of durable reinforced concrete structures
Author(s): Folker H. Wittmann, Tiejun Zhao
Pages: 1 - 12

Impact of Microstructure on the durability of concrete
Author(s): K. Scrivener
Pages: 13 - 19

Microstructure based life-cycle assessment and durability design of concrete bridges
Author(s): Koichi Maekawa, Benny Suryanto, Chikako Fujiyama and Nobuhiro Chijiwa
Pages: 20 - 28

Transport process in the microstructure of concrete and their relevance for durability
Author(s): Lars-Olof Nilsson
Pages: 29 - 36

A critical view on service life predictions based on chloride induced corrosion
Author(s): Harald Justnes and Mettee Geiker
Pages: 37 - 50

Bio-based microstructural effects in view of durability of concrete and concrete structures
Author(s): N. de Belie
Pages: 51 - 64

Comparison of the efficiency of zinc stabilisation by direct incorporation to clinker or by addition during mixing
Author(s): D. Damidot
Pages: 65 - 75

From pore structure assessment to service life design of concrete structures
Author(s): Zongjin Li, Hongyan Ma and Shengwen Tang
Pages: 76 - 87

Crack and durability of reinforced concrete structures
Author(s): M. Alexander, M. Otieno and H. Beushausen
Pages: 88 - 97

Models and measurements with implications to durability
Author(s): Hamlin M. Jennings
Pages: 98

Theme 1 - Hydration and formation of microstructure


Calculation of tortuosity factor for the model based in concrete resistivity
Author(s): C. Andrade, R. D’Andrea and N. Rebolledo
Pages: 99 - 107

Hydration hardening process control technology of low alkalinity sulphoaluminate cement
Author(s): Huaxin Zhou, Jiaping Liu, Jianzhong Liu and Changfeng Li
Pages: 108 - 115

Optimization of CH content of ternary cementitious systems and its prediction using artificial neural networks
Author(s): M. Iqbal Khan
Pages: 116 - 124

Absorption of pozzolana materials on calcium hydration products of cement
Author(s): Hongbo Zhu, Xian Liu, Peiming Wang, Yong Yuan and Haoxin Li
Pages: 125 - 131

Microstructural study on the effects of using electric-arc eurnace dust (EAFD) as a cementitious material
Author(s): R. Al-Zaid, Suwito, G. Fares, A. Al-Negheimish, A. Alhozaimy and M.I. Khan
Pages: 132 - 139

Temporal evolution of mesoscopic structure during hydration of cement
Author(s): S. Mazumder
Pages: 140 - 149

Evolution of pore structure and interfacial transition zone of concrete in seawater environment
Author(s): Ping Duan, Zhonghe Shui and Guiming Wang
Pages: 150 - 160

Evaluating the early age performance of portland cement under differing hydration conditions
Author(s): C. Ishee and A. Boyd
Pages: 161 – 168

Microstructural alterations of slag and silica fume concretes subjected to short term heat curing
Author(s): M. Santhanam and K. Scrivener
Pages: 169 – 180

Hydration study of sugar cane bagasse ash and calcium hydroxide pastes of various initial C/S ratios
Author(s): Lourdes M. S. Souza, Eduardo M. R. Fairbairn, Guilherme C. Cordeiro and Romildo D. Toledo Filho
Pages: 181 – 188

Characterization and microstructural deformation during the hydration of EAFD-cement composite
Author(s): G. Fares, R. Al-Zaid, M.I. Khan, A. Al-Negheimish, A. Alhozaimy and Suwito
Pages: 189 – 196

Micro-hydration, pore connectivity and durability of cementitious materials
Author(s): E.A.B Koenders, N. Ukrainczyk and W. Hansen
Pages: 197 - 204

Research on the durability of polypropylene fiber concrete under freeze-thaw damage
Author(s): Chenfei Wang and Ditao Niu
Pages: 205 - 210

Hydration activity of silica fume and its effect on the structure of C-S-H Gel
Author(s): Lei Wang, Zhen He and Xinhua Cai
Pages: 211 - 219

Influences of mineral composition of cement on the mechanical properties of cement paste
Author(s): Zhiwei Qian, Guang Ye, E. Schlangen and K. van Breugel
Pages: 220 - 227

Theme 2 - (experimental) Techniques for characterization hydration and microstructure


Analysis of different contents of blast-furnace slag effect on carbonation properties of hardened binder paste using micro-XCT technique
Author(s): Jiande Han, Wei Sun and Ganghua Pan
Pages: 228 - 234

Moisture transport in concrete during fire as studied by NMR
Author(s): L. Pel, G.H.A van der Heijden and K. Kopinga
Pages: 235 - 242

Microstructure of cement-bases composites containing rock wool particles
Author(s): L. Pel, G.H.A van der Heijden and K. Kopinga
Pages: 243 - 252

Chemical state analysis of alkali silica gel by using soft X-ray XAFS
Author(s): M. Mizuta, K. Ohda, K. Nakanishi, T. Ohta and T. Kojima
Pages: 253 - 258

Properties of pore structure measured by step-by-step mercury intrusion porosimetry test
Author(s): Ryo Yoshida and Toshiharu Kishi
Pages: 259 - 266

In-situ monitoring of initial setting of concrete based on pore water under pressure measurement
Author(s): Qian Tian, Hang Zhang, Yujiang Wang, Jiaping Liu and Changwen Miao
Pages: 267 - 274

Applying raman spectroscopy for studying cement-based materials
Author(s): Nishant Garg and Kejin Wang
Pages: 275 - 282

The effect of chemical attack on the three dimensional porosity of alkali activated systems
Author(s): L.E. Gordon, R.J. Myers, Lu. Cao, J.L. Provis and J.S.J. van Deventer
Pages: 283 - 291

Evaluation of deteriorated concrete structures in aggressive environments by nondestructive methods
Author(s): Amir Haji Esmaili, Masoud Moradian, Mohammad Hossein Eftekhar, Pouyan Hosseini, Mohammad Shekarchi and Ebrahim Sharifi
Pages: 292 - 299

Study on the performance of high-point throwing non-vibration concrete
Author(s): Jianhua Wu, Haihong Zhao, Shangyong Zhou, Yi Zhang, Jianxiong Ye
Pages: 300 - 308

Micro-durability of SCC mixtures containing limestone dust and natural pozzolan
Author(s): G. Fares, A. Al-Negheimish, M.I. Khan, R. Al-Zaid and A. Alhozaimy
Pages: 309 - 316

X-ray computer tomography studies of meso-defects evolution of UHPCC due to freezing-thawing action
Author(s): Chumping Gu, Wei Sun, Liping Guo, Qiannan Wang and Jinyu Zong
Pages: 317 - 323

Theme 3 - Early-age deformations and internal stresses in cement-based systems


Effect of the water saturation degree of aggregates on concrete shrinkage
Author(s): R. Cortas, E. Rozière, A. Loukili, A. Hamami, S. Staquet
Pages: 324 – 331

Study on chemical shrinkage and electrical resistivity of cement pastes at early age
Author(s): Yishun Liao and Xiaosheng Wei
Pages: 332 – 341

Modeling of internal relative humidity evolution in cement pastes at early-ages
Author(s): Hui Chen, M. Wyrzykowski, K. Scrivener and P. Lura
Pages: 342 – 349

Analysis of early-age cracking of cementitious materials by combination of various non destructive testing methods
Author(s): S. Pirskawetz, F. Weise and P. Fontana
Pages: 350 – 359

Early-age thermal deformations of cement paste and mortar
Author(s): M. Wyrzykowski and P. Lura
Pages: 360 – 367

Creep of concrete at very early age: a microstructural approach using the theory of percolation
Author(s): F. Benboudjema, J.-M. Torrenti and L. Stefan
Pages: 368 – 376

How to investigate the tensile behaviour of early age concrete?
Author(s): E. Roziere, R. Cortas, A. Loukili
Pages: 377-385

Evolution of endogenous shrinkage of portland cement pastes
Author(s): A. Brahma
Pages: 386-394

Effects of variable temperature on properties of early age concrete
Author(s): J.-E Jonasson, P. Fjellström
Pages: 395-403

Theme 4 - Transport properties in cracked and uncracked concrete


Study of chloride diffusion in the field and laboratory in the concrete specimens containing silica fume
Author(s): M. Valipour, S. Shahini, M. Shekarchizade, F. Pargar
Pages: 404-411

Experimental study of aggregate size effects on mechanical behaviour and permeability of concrete
Author(s): A. Fabien, M. Choinska, S. Bonnet, A. Pertué, A. Khelidj
Pages: 412-420

Modelling reinforcement corrosion in concrete
Author(s): A. Michel, M.R. Geiker, H. Stang, J.F. Olesen
Pages: 421-430

Effect of seasonal temperature changes on the chloride binding capacity of pastes containing SCMs
Author(s): G Yee-Ching, Y. Wang, D.K. Panesar
Pages: 431-439

Migration of water through cracked textile, reinforced concrete applied as a protective layer for RC structures
Author(s): M. Lieboldt, C. Schröfl, V. Mechtcherine
Pages: 440-449

A rapid experimentation method for two-dimensional diffusion of chloride in concrete
Author(s): Z. Chen, L. Yang, Q.M. Jiang, B. Hong, M. Zhou, C.Y. Hu
Pages: 450-457

Relationship between cracking and electrical resistance in reinforced and unreinforced concrete
Author(s): J. Pacheco, B. Savija, E. Schlangen, R. Polder
Pages: 458-466

Non-destructive air-permeability measurement: from gas-flow modelling to improved testing
Author(s): R. Torrent
Pages: 467-476

Effect of micro-cracking on water retention and gas transport properties of two industrial concretes
Author(s): S. Mjahad, C. Davy, F. Skoczylas, X Bourbon
Pages: 477-486

Non-destructive measurement of chloride in concrete by NMR
Author(s): J.J.A.M. Borgharts, L. Pel
Pages: 487-495

Water permeability of concrete
Author(s): Bei Huang, Chunxiang Qian, Yujiang Wang, Miao Wu
Pages: 496-504

Theme 5 - Effect of time dependent phenomena and aging on microstructure and durability


Influence of ageing on the frost salt resistance of high performance concrete
Author(s): S. Palecki
Pages: 505-515

Abrasion-erosion resistance of hydraulic concrete under high-velocity sandblasting
Author(s): Xinhua Cai, Zhen He, Yaojiu Rong, Wang Lei
Pages: 516-522

The integration of non-destructive test methods into the south african durability index approach
Author(s): H. Beushausen, S.J. Starck, M.G. Alexander
Pages: 523-531

Meso-scale simulation of chloride ingress in cracked concrete
Author(s): B. Šavija, J. Pacheco, E. Schlangen, R.B. Polder
Pages: 532-540

Experimental investigation into the deterioration of ordinary concrete subjected to hydro-abrasion
Author(s): C. Bellmann, V. Mechtcherine
Pages: 541-549

Concrete performance in relation to the exposure zones in the marine environment
Author(s): I. Stipanović, D. Bjegović, M. Serdar
Pages: 550-558

Service properties and microstructure of mortars with different contents of slag and fly ash exposed to different hardening environments
Author(s): J.M. Ortega, I. Sánchez, M.A. Climent
Pages: 559-567

The effet of AAR on concrete mechanical properties
Author(s): Chenxia Liu, Gaixin Chen, Guojin Ji, Xiangzhi Kong, Lintao Ma
Pages: 568-576

Durability of polypropylene fibre-reinforced concrete as assessed by oxygen and water permeability
Author(s): A.S. Badr
Pages: 577-585

Chloride penetration and microstructure development of fly ash concrete
Author(s): Zhuqing Yu, Guang Ye
Pages: 586-594

Comparison between expansion and microstructural changes of mortars under sulfate attack
Author(s): C. Yu, K. Scrivener, W. Sun
Pages: 595-603

Theme 6 - Chemical and physical degradation under coupled (environmental) loading conditions (carbonation, chemical attack, bio-induced degradation, freeze-thaw, ASR, ETC)


Controlling alkali silica reaction by understanding the contribution of aluminium provided by supplementary cementitious materials
Author(s): T. Chappex, K. Scrivener
Pages: 605-612

Microstructural study of concretes incorporating ceramic sanitary ware aggregate exposed to freeze-thaw cycles
Author(s): C. Medina, M.I. Sánchez de Rojas, M. Frías, A. Juan, J.M. Morán
Pages: 613-621

Chloride ion binding behavior of deicing chlorides under freeze-thaw environment
Author(s): K. Hashimoto, H. Yokota, Y. Sato, T. Sugiyama
Pages: 622-629

Frost resistance and micro pore structure change of mortar exposed to different climate conditions
Author(s): Yukio Hama, Yoshihiko Kishimoto, M. Zakaria
Pages: 630-638

Influence of microcracks in high strength concrete on durability properties
Author(s): A. Kustermann, K. Ch. Thienel
Pages: 639-647

Chloride ions adsorption and desorption in pore solution with various PH values
Author(s): In-Seok Yoon, Tatsuhiko Saeki, Sang-Soon Park
Pages: 648-655

Performance of pozzolanic admixtures on mechanical and durability properties of concrete
Author(s): P. Hosseini, M. Moradian, A.H. Esmaili, M. Ghorbani, M. Shekarchi, E. Sharifi
Pages: 656-664

Detecting microstructural changes in concrete conditioned under thermo-mechanical loading using x-ray computed tomography
Author(s): R.C. Stein, M. Petkovski, D.L. Engelberg, N.C. Hyatt, P.J. Withers, T. Lowe
Pages: 665-673

Detection of transport processes during freeze-thaw deicing salt attack using single-sided NMR
Author(s): C. Milachowski, D. Lowke, C. Gehlen
Pages: 674-682

A new method to analyse the scaling test result
Author(s): S. Bouteille, T. Fen-Chong, V. Baroghel-Bouny, M. Dierkens
Pages: 683-691

Polymer action on alkali-silica reaction: further research
Author(s): J.L. Feiteira, M.S. Ribeiro
Pages: 692-702

Some aspects of internal sulfate attack
Author(s): I. Cigrovski
Pages: 703-716

Modelling the coupling between creep and internal swelling reactions in concrete structures
Author(s): O. Omikrine-Metalssi, J.-F. Seignol, S. Rigobert, F. Toutlemonde
Pages: 717-725

Nanomechanical study of cement pastes by statistical nanoindentation and peakforce QNM
Author(s): Wenzhong Zhu, T. Howind, S. Barbhuiya, R. Stark, B. Kümmerling, J.S. Dolado
Pages: 726-734

Calcium leaching performance of cementitious materials: nanoindentation results and model predictions
Author(s): T. Howind, Wenzhong Zhu, J.J. Gaitero, J.S. Dolado
Pages: 735-742

Accelerated sulfate resistance test for concrete-chemical and microstructural aspects
Author(s): A. Leemann, R. Loser
Pages: 743-751

Non-destructive assessment of concrete durability of the national museum of western art in Japan
Author(s): K. Imamoto, A. Tanaka, M. Kanematsu
Pages: 752-759

Study on the damage process of concrete exposed to sulfate attack under flexural loading and drying-wetting cycles
Author(s): Jianming Gao, Zhenxin Yu, Luguang Song, Wei Sun
Pages: 760-767

Effect of freeze-thaw damage on concrete mechanical properties
Author(s): Yanxia Liu, Gaixin Chen, Guojin Ji, Xiangzhi Kong, Lintao Ma
Pages: 768-776

Cryogenic suction pump mechanism for combined salt-and frost exposure
Author(s): C. Borgnakke, W. Hansen, Y. Kang, Z. Liu, E.A.B. Koenders
Pages: 777-785

Spalling risk assessment of concrete subjected to different fire scenarios
Author(s): Yiming Zhang, R. Lackner, M. Zeiml, H.A. Mang
Pages: 786-794

Effect of different marine exposure conditions on chloride diffusion in concrete
Author(s): A. Dousti, R. Rashetnia, A. Almotahari, M. Shekarchi
Pages: 795-804

Influence of freeze-thaw cycle on concrete chloride ion migration
Author(s): Liang Shi, Jianzhong Liu, Jiaping Liu
Pages: 805-813

Estimation of carbonation and service life of box culvert for power transmission line
Author(s): S.K. Woo, J.H. Jo, Y.C. Song, Y.D. Choi, Y. Lee
Pages: 814-821

Hydrothermal low-cycle fatigue of concrete - durability of energy storage water tanks
Author(s): M.A. Elrahman, B. Hillemeier
Pages: 822-830

Modelling of concrete structures affected by internal swelling reactions: couplings between transfer properties, alkali leaching and expansion
Author(s): R-P. Martin, Othman Omikrine-Metalssi, F. Toutlemonde
Pages: 831-839

The correlativity between exposure test and accelerated laboratory test for concrete performance of resistance to chloride ion
Author(s): Wang Shengnian, Fan Zhihong, Su Quanke, Chai Rui, Huang Junzher
Pages: 840-847

Microstructural modeling of heated portland cement paste
Author(s): Qi Zhang, Guang Ye
Pages: 848 - 856

Analysis of degradation behavior of leached concrete
Author(s): Bei Huang, Chunxiang Qian
Pages: 857 - 865

Theme 7 - (numerical) Modeling of microstructure, transport and degradation processes


Particle packing: An important concept for mix design of better compacted interfacial transition zone in cementitious composite systems
Author(s): Yun Gao, G. De Schutter, Guang Ye, Zhijun Tan
Pages: 867 - 874

Generation of numerical aggregates in a concrete RVE: influence of inclusions geometric parameters on the macroscopic transport properties of the material
Author(s): T. de Larrard, B. Bary, E. Adam, F. Kloss
Pages: 875 - 883

Estimation of concrete resistance to chloride-ion penetration based on water accessible porosity and unit weight of concrete
Author(s): Xuemei Liu, Min-Hong Zhang
Pages: 884 - 893

Predicting quasi-brittle strength of cementitious materials: A continuum micromechanics model
Author(s): B. Pichler, C. Hellmich
Pages: 894 - 900

Computational 3D simulation of calcium leaching in cement matrices
Author(s): J.J. Gaitero, J.S. Dolado, C. Neuen, F. Heber, E. Koenders
Pages: 901 - 909

Numerical modeling of micro-indentation tests in Portland cement paste, using finite elements with fracture-based zero-thickness interfaces
Author(s): J. Liaudat, D. Garolera, C.M. López, I. Carol
Pages: 910 - 917

Calculation of shrinkage strain in early-age concrete structures - An example with concrete pavements
Author(s): Jun Zhang, Dongwei Hou, Yuan Gao
Pages: 918 - 929

Characterization of the pore structure through multiscale model
Author(s): Xiaofei Guan, Xian Liu, Renchao Lu, Haoli Zhang
Pages: 930 - 936

Modeling of tensile behavior of mortar immersed in solutions including chloride ions
Author(s): Taito Miura, Yasuhiko Sato
Pages: 937 - 945

Determining effective diffusion properties of concrete through mesocale analysis
Author(s): F. Nilenius, F. Larsson, K. Lundgren, K. Runesson
Pages: 946 - 950

Microstructure and nondestructive evaluation: what can we measure and what does it mean for the concrete life cycle
Author(s): E.N. Landis, J.E. Bolander
Pages: 951 - 959

Modelling of the hydration and moisture transfer coupling effects on the microstructure properties of the concrete cover
Author(s): Z. Zhang, M. Thiery, V. Baroghel-Bouny, M.D. Nguyen, P. Rossi
Pages: 960 - 968

A lattice model for fracture and mass transport in concrete
Author(s): P. Grassl, C. Fahy, D. Gallipoli, J.E. Bolander
Pages: 969 - 977

Morphological modeling of cement based materials and hydration process
Author(s): M. Bogdan, E. Roubin, J.-B. Colliat, F. Benboudjema, L. Stefan
Pages: 978 - 986

Pressure induced by salt crystallization in building materials-experimental and numerical analysis
Author(s): M. Koniorczyk, D. Gawin, P. Konca
Pages: 987 - 996

Fractal model for pore structure in cement-based materials
Author(s): S.W. Tang, E. Chen, Z.J. Li
Pages: 997 - 1004

Ion transport in C-S-H: a molecular dynamic simulation study
Author(s): D.S. Hou, Z.J. Li
Pages: 1005 - 1013

Prediction model on mechanical strength of mortar at ultra low temperature
Author(s): Zhengwu Jiang, Zilong Deng, Zhenping Sun, Haiyan Tang, Zhenghong Yang
Pages: 1014 - 1024

Multi-scale model to simulate diffusion in high-performance concrete
Author(s): Yunsheng Zhang, Qian Jiang, Zhiyong Liu, Laibao Liu
Pages: 1025 - 1034

Multicomponent modelling of portland cement hydration reactions
Author(s): N. Ukrainczyk, E.A.B. Koenders, K. van Breugel
Pages: 1035 - 1043

Analytical models for self-healing of cracks via geometrical probability: application to cementitious materials
Author(s): Zhong Lv, Huisu Chen
Pages: 1044 - 1053

Simulation of the diffusivity of cement paste subjected to uni-axial tensile load by a 3D lattice approach
Author(s): Lin Liu, Wei Sun, Huisu Chen, Guang Ye
Pages: 1054 - 1062

Application of carbonation model for service life design to serbian environmental conditions and engineering practice
Author(s): M. Luković, I. Ignjatović
Pages: 1063 - 1071

Simulation of autogenous and drying shrinkage based on micro-pore structure and internal moisture states
Author(s): Y. Luan, T. Ishida
Pages: 1072 - 1080

Lattice Boltzmann simulation of the ionic diffusivity in unsaturated cement paste
Author(s): Mingzhong Zhang, Yongjia He, Guang Ye, D.A. Lange, K. van Breugel
Pages: 1081 - 1089

The effects of capsules on self-healing efficiency in cementitious materials
Author(s): Haoliang Huang, Guang Ye
Pages: 1090 - 1100

Theme 8 - Effect of electrical current (from electrochemical protection) and corrosion products on microstructure


Influence of chemical admixtures on the corrosion of rebars in cracked concrete
Author(s): B. Sangoju, R. Gettu, B.H. Bharatkumar
Pages: 1102 - 1110

Quantifying movements of corrosion products in reinforced concrete using x-ray attenuation measurements
Author(s): B. J. Pease, A. Michel, H. Stang
Pages: 1111 - 1119

Influence of ethanol amine inhibitor on corrosion of steel in concrete with ground granulated blast furnace slag subjected to asimulated marine environment
Author(s): A. El Shami, S. Bonnet, M. Choinska, P. Mounanga, A. Khelidj
Pages: 1120 - 1131

Effect of concrete microstructure saturation on the corrosion rate of embedded steel reinforcement
Author(s): Raja Rizwan Hussain
Pages: 1132 - 1142

The effect of electrical current flow on cement-based microstructure: bulk matrix alterations within cathodic protection in reinforced concrete
Author(s): D.A. Koleva, K. van Breugel, Jie Hu
Pages: 1143 - 1152

Quantitative evaluation of freezing-thawing damage in plain concrete by digital-image-processing technique
Author(s): Shuguang Li, Gaixin Chen, Yihui Lu
Pages: 1156 - 1164

Theme 9 - New techniques for evaluation of durability and service life


Quality control of hydrophobic coatings with an integrated marker element by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)
Author(s): G. Wilsch, H. Schalk, K. Bienert, A. Molkenthin, S. Goldschmidt, E. Niederleithinger
Pages: 1145 - 1155

Improvement in concrete durability using glass-ceramic bonding enameled reinforcement
Author(s): Charles A. Weiss, R.D. Moser, P.G. Allison, P.G. Malone, S.L. Craig, S.W. Morefield
Pages: 1165 - 1172

Influence of different conditioning regimes on the oxygen diffusion and oxygen permeability of concrete
Author(s): C. Peretti, A. Leemann, R. Loser, P. Lura
Pages: 1173 - 1181

Electrical resistance of ballastless track concrete used in high-speed railway
Author(s): Huajian Li, Yongjiang Xie, Zhonglai Yi, Yanbin Tan, Lu Yang, Liangwei Lou
Pages: 1182 - 1190

Fatigue of normal and crumb rubber concrete under different temperatures
Author(s): Yamei Zhang, Zhe Zhao
Pages: 1191 - 1203

On-site assessment of curing efficiency by means of electrical resistivity measurements
Author(s): L.F. Luco, C. Andrade, M.A. Climent
Pages: 1204 - 1212

Theme 10 - Curing technology and effect of curing on durability


Effect of early curing on concrete duration by evaporation reducer
Author(s): Jiaping Liu, Lei li, Qian Tian, Changwen Miao, Yujiang Wang
Pages: 1213 - 1219

Influence of the microstructural changes on the durability of precast products due to heat curing
Author(s): M.C. Alonso, J.L. Garcia, M. Robles, L. Fernandez-Luco
Pages: 1220 - 1229

A study on relationship between curing process and resistivity of surfical concrete
Author(s): Wei Chen, Meili Li, Lin Zhang, Jueshi Qian, Yan Pei
Pages: 1230 - 1238

Theme 11 - Smart cementitious materials for enhanced durability


Geopolymer microstructure using polarization and fluorescence microscopy
Author(s): Siska L.A. Valcke, R.B. Polder, H.J.F. Beijersbergen van Henegouwen
Pages: 1231 - 1239

Fundamental research on the freezing thawing resistance of the concrete which delay-added the drying shrinkage reduction agent
Author(s): Masashi Sugiyama
Pages: 1240 - 1247

Influence of stone dust in manufactured sand on resisting chloride penetration in marine concrete
Author(s): Pengping Li, Jianbo Xiong, Rui Chai, Yingfei Wang
Pages: 1248 - 1256

Role of water film thickness in mix design of high-performance concrete
Author(s): Y. Li, J.J. Chen, A.K.H. Kwan
Pages: 1257 - 1265

Interactions between Water-borne polyurethane and C-S-H nanostructure based on macro toughness of concrete
Author(s): Ch. W. Miao, B. Ding, D.L. Zhou
Pages: 1266 - 1277

Prediction the water permeability of alkali activated fly ash based on MIP results
Author(s): Yuwei Ma, Guang Ye
Pages: 1278 - 1286

Theme 12 - Integral strategy for sustainability and durability


Study on hydrophobic treatment of high performance concrete
Author(s): Cui Gong, Liu Jianzhong, Chen Cuicui, Li Changfeng, Shi Liang
Pages: 1288- 1295

Early-age deformations and internal stresses in jointed plain concrete pavements for dutch conditions
Author(s): M. Pradena, L. Houben
Pages: 1296- 1304

Coefficient of air permeability of non-homogeneous substrates and drying concrete
Author(s): T. Dobel, L.F. Luco
Pages: 1305- 1314

The potential of bio-based repair system to increase the durability of repaired concrete structures
Author(s): V. Wiktor, H.M. Jonkers
Pages: 1315- 1323

Theme 13 - Durability of systems containing waste products and recycled materials


Green engineered cementitious composites: A durability point of view
Author(s): M. Sahmaran, G. Yildirim, H.E. Yucel
Pages: 1325- 1332

Effectiveness of metakaolin in mitigating ASR with respect to bet surface and crystal water
Author(s): M. Sahmaran, G. Yildirim, H.E. Yucel
Pages: 1333- 1343

The late-age strength and microstructure of mortar containing steel slag
Author(s): Qiang Wang, Peiyu Yan, Jianwei Yang
Pages: 1344- 1352

Influence of phosphate on chloride-induced corrosion of reinforcing steel in mortars
Author(s): Jinjie Shi, Wei Sun
Pages: 1353- 1362

Behavior of self-compacting concrete containing binary and ternary blended cements in acidic environments
Author(s): D.M. Sadek, M. El-Attar
Pages: 1363- 1376

Influence of superplasticizers and mineral admixtures on the workability of mortar at low water-binder ratio
Author(s): Jiangzhong Liu, Wei Sun, Changwen Miao, Qianqian Zhang, Jiaping Liu,
Pages: 1377- 1385

Strength of alkali activated slag and fly ash-based geopolymer mortar
Author(s): A. Wardhono, D.W. Law, T.C.K. Molyneaux
Pages: 1386- 1394

Rubberized hybrid fibre reinforced concrete
Author(s): D.Bjegovic, A. Baricevic, S. Lakusic
Pages: 1395- 1403

Study on properties of sulfoaluminate cement-based materials made from municipal solid waste incineration fly ash
Author(s): Kai Wu, Huisheng Shi, G. De Schutter, Guang Ye
Pages: 1404- 1414

The effects of copper tailings on acid and chloride resistance of concretes
Author(s): O. Onuaguluchi, Ö. Eren
Pages: 1415- 1421

Enhanced durability of ultra high performance concrete by incorporating supplementary cementitious materials
Author(s): E. Ghafari, H. Costa, E. Júlio, A. Portugal, L. Durães
Pages: 1422- 1430

Influence of pozzolanic properties of red mud waste and hydration products in the durability and retention of heavy metals in mortars
Author(s): E.P. Manfroi, M. Cheriaf, J.C. Rocha
Pages: 1431- 1440

Recycled concretes for aggressive environments: mix design requirements
Author(s): P. Alaejos, M. Sánchez de Juan, C. Thomas, J.A. Polanco, F. Agrela
Pages: 1441- 1451

Effect of fly ash gradation on workability, strength and durability of Portland cement fly ash mortars
Author(s): Xianping Liu, Peiming Wang, Jie Sun
Pages: 1452- 1461

Structural durability, deformation properties and fracture mechanics parameters of advanced silicate materials
Author(s): E. Shinkevich, Y. Zaytsev, E. Lutskin, G. Bondarenko, A. Tymnyak
Pages: 1462- 1468

Effects of adding waste cellulosic fibers on the frost resistance of SCC
Author(s): E. Ghorbel, G. Wardeh, M. Mohamed
Pages: 1469- 1477

Investigations of anhydrite in circulating fluidized bed combustion ash as cement retarders
Author(s): Jueshi Qian, Yan Shen, Zhiwei Zhang, Zhi Wang
Pages: 1478- 1490

Chloride diffusion and pore structure in geopolymers
Author(s): I. Ismail, J.L. Provis, J.S.J. van Deventer, S. Hamdan
Pages: 1491- 1499

Polymer action on corrosion rates of steel in cement mortar
Author(s): T.N. Dias, M.S. Ribeiro, O.A. Pereira, E.M. Pereira, J.L. Feiteira
Pages: 1500- 1510

The effect of the methylene blue (MB) - value of manufactured sand on the durability of concretes
Author(s): Jiliang Wang, Dapeng Wang, Ying Liu, Yudong Yuan
Pages: 1511- 1520

Low temperature curing effects on strength of recycled glass aggregates concrete
Author(s): K.I. Poutos, S. Onyebuchi Nwaubani
Pages: 1521- 1529

Theme 14 - Durability of concrete repair: the role of microstructure at repair interface


Study on influence of infiltration depth of surface treatment material on freezing behavior and mechanism accelerating scaling in concrete
Author(s): Y. Kishimoto, Y. Hama, M. Zakaria
Pages: 1531- 1539

Characterization of moisture transfer in UHPFRC - concrete composite systems at early age
Author(s): H. Kazemi-kamyab, E. Denarié, E. Brühwiler, Biyun Wang, M. Thiéry, P.F. Faure, V. Baroghel-Bouny
Pages: 1540- 1548

Experimental study on mechanical behaviour and gas permeability of New-to-Old concrete bonding
Author(s): M. Choinska, A. Pertué, A. Fabien, A. Khelidj
Pages: 1549- 1557

Study on obtaining quantitative index to evaluate durability of cover concrete
Author(s): Isao Ujike, Shinichiro Okazaki
Pages: 1558- 1566

Implementation of corrosion intelligent monitoring and durability early warning expert system for the large marine concrete structures
Author(s): Guihong Dong, Shengnian Wang, Quanke Su, Yue Chen
Pages: 1567- 1576

Theme 15 - Stability of cementitious systems used for immobilization of hazardous products


The effect of gamma irradiation on hardening self-compacting mortar in the Belgian supercontainer concept for high level radioactive waste disposal
Author(s): H. Craeye, G. De Schutter, I. Gerardy, M. De Raemaeker, K. Gevers
Pages: 1578- 1586

Effect of gypsum addition on calcium sulfoaluminate cement hydration by a borated solution
Author(s): J.B. Champenois, C. Cau dit Coumes, P. Le Bescop, L. Petit, D. Damidot
Pages: 1587- 1595

Solidification of heavy metals in ettringite and its stability research
Author(s): Bei Wu, Xiang-guo Li, Baoguo Ma, Minglei Zhang
Pages: 1596- 1605

Theme 16 - Self healing concepts for enhanced durability of cement-based systems


Crack repair by activation of the pozzolanic or slag reaction
Author(s): E. Gruyaert, K. Van Tittelboom, H. Rahier, N. De Belie
Pages: 1607- 1615

The self-healing of ultra-high performance cement based composites
Author(s): Jianzhong Lai, Chunmei Yang, Wei Sun
Pages: 1616- 1625

Bacteria-based self-healing concrete - introduction
Author(s): R.M. Mors, H.M. Jonkers
Pages: 1626- 1633

A feasibility study of anticorrosion applications of modified hydrotalcites in reinforced concrete
Author(s): Zhengxian Yang, H. Fischer, R. Polder
Pages: 1634- 1642

Study on micromechanism of a super-hydrophobic and self-cleaning coating made by recycled concrete wastes
Author(s): L.P. Guo, W. Su, T. Yu, B. Chen
Pages: 1643- 1650

Novel approach to make concrete structures self-healing using porous network concrete
Author(s): S. Sangadji, E. Schlangen
Pages: 1651- 1659