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Proceedings pro014 : International Symposium on Integrated Life-Cycle Design of Materials and Structures (ILCDES 2000) Helsinki, Finland (2000)


Title: International Symposium on Integrated Life-Cycle Design of Materials and Structures (ILCDES 2000)
Helsinki, Finland (2000)
Edited by A. Sarja
ISBN: 951-758-408-3
e-ISBN: 235158029X
Pages: 550
Publication date: 2000

The design of materials and structures is a key factor in the development towards a sustainable building and civil engineering practice. We can claim, that a high life-cycle quality (including functionality, technical performance, economy, ecology, safety, health and aesthetics) can only be achieved through integrated life-cycle design.
The term "integrated" means the introduction of all requirements into design.
The term "life-cycle" means introduction of a time span over generations into all the calculations, evaluations and decisions.

Structural and material engineering is a profession where the scientific methods of mathematics and physics are effectively applied. In introducing the principles of life-cycle engineering into structural and materials design, the excellent tradition of scientific methods can be applied in praxis.
For this task we need include multiple calculation methods in which life-cycle principles are added to all viewpoints. Traditional economy is expanded into life-cycle monetary and environmental economy (ecology).

Controlled technical performance is expanded into life-cycle performance, including service life planning and optimization, durability design, optimal energy economy and design for recycling. Health, safety and comfort aspects are also related to design.
The magnitude of design aspects rise needs for development of decision-making procedure and related methods. We also have to rethink the entire design process. The methodology of integrated life-cycle design can be used in the design of individual buildings or other structural facilities, as well as in the development of new materials and structures or structural systems.


Contents


KEYNOTE LECTURES


Challenges of sustainable construction in the 21st century
Author(s): C. Sjöström
Pages: I - VIII

lntegrated life design as a key tool for sustainable construction
Author(s): A. Sarja
Pages: 1 - 5

Service life planning in international standards and the Duracrete example
Author(s): H. Davies
Pages: 6 - 12

ISO Technical Committee 98: "Bases for design of structures"
Author(s): A. M. Brandt
Pages: 13 - 18

Session A: Design


Life cycle assessment of building elements from the broad perspective of planners design-considerations
Author(s): C. Deilmann, K. Gruhler
Pages: 20 - 25

Construction ecology and metabolism
Author(s): C. J. Kiberf
Pages: 26 - 30

Procurement protocols for sustainable urban development
Author(s): M. Sunikka, P. Huovila, S. Curwell, V. Bentivegna
Pages: 31 - 35

Evaluation of life cycle performance for functional building elements
Author(s): M. Aygun
Pages: 37 - 40

Environment-conscious life-cycle design of building structural composite materials, and 1 or components
Author(s): T. Fukushima
Pages: 41 - 45

Requirements management in life-cycle design
Author(s): J. Leinonen, P. Huovila
Pages: 46 - 59

Quality Function Deployment (QDF) in design process decision-making
Author(s): J. Nieminen, P. Huovila
Pages: 51 - 56

Development towards practical instructions of life cycle design in Finland
Author(s): A. Sarja
Pages: 57 - 62

Ecological aspects in design of temporary structures used for bridge construction
Author(s): V. A. Seliverstov
Pages: 63 - 67

Method for environmental design
Author(s): J. Norén, J. E. Haggarsson
Pages: 69 - 73

The service life design review and performance audit approach for sustainable construction
Author(s): D. P. Wyatt
Pages: 74 - 79

A service life design for lifecare management
Author(s): D. P. Wyatt
Pages: 80 - 85

Service Life Planning in International Standards and the Duracrete Example
Author(s): H. Davies
Pages: 87 - 93

Life cycle cost estimation of Japanese detached house
Author(s): K. Endo, Y. Komatsu
Pages: 94 - 98

lntegration of whole life costing with reliability in optimal management of bridge networks
Author(s): D. M. Frangopol, E. S. Gharaibeh, J. S. Kong, M. Miyake
Pages: 99 - 103

A model of life-cycle cost for project cost control
Author(s): K. Guan, F. Wang, S. Zeng
Pages: 104 - 107

Optimization of maintenance management for existing concrete bridges
Author(s): A. Miyamoto, K. Kawamura, H. Nakamura
Pages: 108 - 112

Whole life costing: an integrated approach
Author(s): D. K. Rutter, D. P. Wyatt
Pages: 113 - 116

Management of life-cycle costs and environmental impacts in building construction
Author(s): A. Saari
Pages: 117 - 128

Comparison between brick masonry and timber frame houses in terms of design service life and value decrease
Author(s): A. Saari
Pages: 129 - 133

Optimizing the environmental impact of dernountable building
Author(s): P. Boedianto, J. C. Walraven
Pages: 135 - 141

Reuse of wash water in production of fresh concrete through the use of chemical stabilizing systems
Author(s): A. R. Chini, L. M. Muszynski, G. B. Wilder
Pages: 142 - 148

Building materials for 'X' life times
Author(s): B. J. H. Te Dorsthorst, A. L. A. Fraaij, CH. F. Hendriks
Pages: 149 - 154

Design for an "Xth" life cycle
Author(s): E. Durmisevic, J. Brouwer
Pages: 155 - 160

Industrial flexible and dismantable (IFD) building technology: a key to sustainable construction
Author(s): N. A. Hendriks, H. Vingerling
Pages: 161 - 166

Decision support model for dismantling an existing building into reusable elements or components
Author(s): T. Kowalczyk, J. Kristinsson, C. F. Hendriks
Pages: 167 - 172

lntegrated strategy for energy efficient and waste preventing construction
Author(s): E. Mlecnik
Pages: 173 - 178

Inclusion of recycling in the assessment of buildings
Author(s): C. Thormark
Pages: 179 - 184

Mechanical-rheological properties of polymer-modified concrete based on recycled brick
Author(s): K. Jankovic, M. Muravljov
Pages: 185 - 189

The design and execution of used recycled PC-piles of the train cars inspection pit
Author(s): S. Furuyama, Y. Sato
Pages: 190 - 193

A study on air and water permeability of concrete using aggregate recycled from crushed concrete
Author(s): I. Ujike
Pages: 194 - 197

Optimum structural design of steel plane frame under the limited stocks of members
Author(s): F. Yoshinobu, F. Daiji
Pages: 198 - 202

Service life prediction and life cycle assessment at the data-decision interface
Author(s): J-F. Le Téno, C. Sjoström
Pages: 205 - 210

Software-agents: new possibilities in modeling structural systems
Author(s): M. Schnellenbach-Held, B. Domer
Pages: 211 - 216

Life cycle assessment of building products-a realistic model of useful life
Author(s): G. Wörle, K. Sedlbauer
Pages: 217 - 220

LCC-application for determining rent fairly
Author(s): M. Hekkanen, A. Ruokolainen
Pages: 221 - 224

On computer modelling of erection, maintenance and reconstruction of buildings
Author(s): C. Jarsky
Pages: 225 - 229

Building components service life modelling with qualitative simulation
Author(s): J. Lair, J-F. Le Téno, D. Boissier
Pages: 230 - 235

Computer aided environmental assessment for building systems
Author(s): S. Vares, L. Vanhatalo, E. Holt
Pages: 236 - 240

Optimal service life design and proactive roof maintenance effects on life cycle costing for low slope roof systems
Author(s): T. W. Hutchinson
Pages: 242 - 247

A life-cycle approach for quay walls
Author(s): W. Kortlever
Pages: 248 - 252

Performance-related specifications (PRS) for concrete bridge superstructures
Author(s): J. P. Smith-Pardo, J. A. Ramirez
Pages: 253 - 259

Development of open building system as sustainable urban element
Author(s): T. Yashiro,, S. Okamoto, M. Matsuie, R. Tanaka
Pages: 260 - 264

Earthquake safety assessment of proposed open building system with target service life of 200 years
Author(s): S. Okamoto,, M. Ozaki,, M. Hayasi, T. Yasiro, K. Nakamura, M. Matuie, Y. Tanaka, J. Gu
Pages: 265 - 270

Reliability analysis of corroded bridge columns
Author(s): F. Carlsson, J. Jeppsson, S. Thelandersson
Pages: 271 - 276

The improvement of traditional wooden windows being used in Istanbul
Author(s): I Cetiner
Pages: 277 - 281

The Applicability of Railway Embankment with Air-entrained Mortar for Life-cycle Design
Author(s): H. Nagashima, T. Suzuki, H. Fujisawa, H. Takasaki
Pages: 282 - 286

Life-cycle cost design methods and tools
Author(s): S. Pulakka
Pages: 287 - 291

Demountable connections in renaissance stone vaults: example of life-cycle design in the past
Author(s): M. Simunic Bursic
Pages: 292 - 296

Session B: Analysis and Modelling


Exergy and life assessment: a study of plaster products
Author(s): G. Beccali, M. Cellura, C. Dispensa
Pages: 298 - 302

Material and energy use for manufacturing components in building services. A case study of an old people home
Author(s): M. Dahlblom
Pages: 303 - 307

Environmental profiles of construction materials, components and buildings for the UK
Author(s): J. Anderson, S. Edwards, P. Kapoor, I. Dickie
Pages: 308 - 312

An investigation into the development of construction and demolition debris in Gaza strip
Author(s): A. Enshassi, M. Trompers
Pages: 313 - 318

Modelling the environmental impacts associated with the recycling of unplasticised Polyvinyl Chloride (PVCu) joinery profiles
Author(s): L. Flanagan, A. J. Miller
Pages: 319 - 323

Life cycle assessment of industrial and commercial buildings using a new steel
Author(s): M. Gurung, M. Mahendran
Pages: 324 - 328

Environmental assessment and environmental declarations of building services systems and products
Author(s): T. Häkkinen, M. Nyman, K. Tattari
Pages: 329 - 333

An assessment method for environmental impact of concrete
Author(s): K. Kawai, E. Tazawa
Pages: 334 - 339

Life cycle assessment of construction materials and building in Germany
Author(s): H. W. Reinhardt, J. Kümmel
Pages: 340 - 344

Whole building life cycle assessrnent
Author(s): J. K. Meil, W. B. Trusty
Pages: 345 - 349

Evaluation of stabilisedlsolidified industrial purification sludge and sewage sludge on long term leaching and environmental load
Author(s): F. Felix, C. F. Hendriks, A. L. A. Fraaij
Pages: 350 - 354

Ecological assessment of building designs existing methodologies and tools
Author(s): A. J. Abu Sa'deh, P.G. Luscuere
Pages: 355 - 359

Time to initiate a corrosion-induced crack after depassivation of the reinforcement
Author(s): C. Gehlen, B. Banholzer
Pages: 361 - 366

Service life modelling of stone and brick masonry walls subject to salt decay
Author(s): E. Garavaglia, B. Lubelli, L. Binda
Pages: 367 - 371

Recycling and reuse of building components in the housing sector; environmental potential, possibilities and conditions
Author(s): K. Blaauw
Pages: 372 - 376

A general framework for an integrated structural durability design procedure
Author(s): M. Boulfiza, K. Sakai, H. Yoshida
Pages: 377 - 381

Predicting the durability of recycled aggregates concrete
Author(s): F. Buyle-Bodin, R. Hadjeva-Zaharieva
Pages: 382 - 387

A computational method for performance evaluation of cementitious materials and structures under various environmental actions
Author(s): T. lshida, K. Maekawa
Pages: 388 - 392

Durability assessment of building products
Author(s): J. Lair, J-F. Le Téno, D. Boissier
Pages: 393 - 397

Durability prediction models for timber construction
Author(s): J. Lair, J-F. Le Téno, D. Boissier
Pages: 398 - 403

Deterioration of reinforced concrete structures and life cycle assessment
Author(s): C. Q. Li, M. Cleven
Pages: 404 - 408

Life cycle assessment of wood power poles
Author(s): C. Q. Li
Pages: 409 - 414

Long-term exposure of rendered autoclaved aerated concrete: measuring and testing programme
Author(s): H. Kus, K. Nygren
Pages: 415 - 420

Suitable repairing cycle of RC members based on probability approach
Author(s): M. Matsushima, T. Iba, H. Seki
Pages: 421 - 425

Corrosion models for structural design
Author(s): P. Tanner, C. Andrade
Pages: 426 - 430

Cornparison of service-life predicted for stainless steel and black steel reinforced concrete structures
Author(s): L. Tula, P. Helene
Pages: 431 - 435

Hygrothermal performance of building envelopes from environmental point of view
Author(s): J. Tywoniak
Pages: 436 - 440

Use of measured climatic data to estimate the micro environment at buildings
Author(s): B. Eriksson, K. Westberg
Pages: 441 - 446

Life-cyclic analysis of the corrosion protection provided by epoxy-coated reinforcing steel
Author(s): R. E. Weyers, M. M. Sprinkel
Pages: 447 - 452

Numerical modelling for predicting the degradation of cement-based materials due to calcium leaching
Author(s): K. Yokozeki, Y. Furusawa, K. Watanabe, K. Koseki
Pages: 453 - 457

Experimental and analytical approach to evaluation of residual performance of RC structures deteriorated by chloride attack
Author(s): T. Shimomura, K. Maruyama
Pages: 458 - 463

Analysis on moisture findings in residential buildings
Author(s): U. Haverinen, E. Jaaskelainen, M. Vahteristo, T. Husman, A. Nevalainen
Pages: 464 - 468

Mathematical modelling of serviceability of farm buildings
Author(s): T. Keskküla, J. Miljan
Pages: 469 - 472

Modeling for the fatigue process of bridge structures
Author(s): K. M. Mahmoud
Pages: 473 - 478

Simulation for time-dependent variation on durability and structural performance of RC structures under chlorideladen environment
Author(s): T. Maruya, K. Hsu, H. Takeda, K. Uji, Y. Matsuoka
Pages: 479 - 485

Durability of reinforced concrete structures in Estonian agricultural buildings
Author(s): R. Miljan, J. Miljan, T. Keskküla
Pages: 486 - 490

Service life with regard to chloride induced corrosion. A probabilistic approach
Author(s): K. Pettersson, J. Norberg
Pages: 491 - 496

Life-cycle performance prediction and durability design for urban tunnel structures
Author(s): O. N. Pavlov, A. A. Shilin, M. N. Shuplik, A. M. Kirilenko
Pages: 497 - 501

Ensuring the long-term durability of wooden façades
Author(s): A. Soikkeli
Pages: 502 - 506

Description of a database application for environmental performance evaluation implemented in existing IT-products - e.g. on the building market
Author(s): M. Erlandsson
Pages: 507 - 511

Environmental burden reduction in building life cycle
Author(s): M. Iwata, Y. Hisamatsu, H. Dohnomae
Pages: 512 - 516

A case study of the development of life cycle assessment as a management tool in a building industry organisation
Author(s): K. Onabolu, T. Raman
Pages: 517 - 521

Management of demolition waste-using life cycle assessment methodologies
Author(s): M. Torring, K. Sandvik
Pages: 522 - 526

Determination of steel structures reliability and durability on the basis of corrosion attacks models
Author(s): Y. V. Gorokhov, V. P. Korolyov
Pages: 527 - 533

Optimization of environmental construction impact of composite RC slabs
Author(s): P. Hajek
Pages: 534 - 539

Longevity life-cycle of prestressed concrete bridge damaged to salt attack
Author(s): Y. Matsuda, H. Ueda, T. Tsuyoshi, T. lshibashi
Pages: 540 - 544

The energy value of architectural construction
Author(s): J. Petrovic
Pages: 545 - 549